Hebrew Scriptures: Exodus 21:22 is a key passage. As translated in
the New International Version, this verse implies that the
fetus is a human person. However, the most common interpretation of this same verse,
as seen in other translations, implies that the
fetus is not a human being. Other passages in the Hebrew Scriptures tend to devalue the fetus.
Christian Scriptures: Luke 1:41 might be interpreted to
condemn abortions after fetal viability.
The Hebrew and Christian Scriptures (Old and New
Testament) use the same word to refer to an unborn fetus, newborn or older child.
This is a limitation of the Hebrew and Greek languages. It might be interpreted as implying that:
Both ancient Hebrews and Pagan Greeks considered that the fetus is
fully human, equivalent to a newborn child...or
They simply called both children and potential children by the same term,
much as modern-day parents-to-be refer to a fetus as a baby.
A case can be made that the 99% of all abortions (those which are performed
prior to viability of the fetus) do not appear to be prohibited by Bible
passages, as translated by most versions of the Bible.