< U.S. abortion numbers, rates and ratio, from 1973


Twitter icon


Facebook icon

About this site
About us
Our beliefs
Your first visit?
Contact us
External links
Good books
Visitors' essays
Our forum
New essays
Other features
Buy a CD
Vital notes

World religions
BUDDHISM
CHRISTIANITY
 Christian def'n
 Shared beliefs
 Handling change
 Bible topics
 Bible inerrancy
 Bible harmony
 Interpret Bible
 Persons
 Beliefs & creeds
 Da Vinci code
 Revelation 666
 Denominations
HINDUISM
ISLAM
JUDAISM
WICCA / WITCHCRAFT
Other religions
Cults and NRMs
Comparing Religions

Non-theistic...
Atheism
Agnosticism
Humanism
Other

About all religions
Main topics
Basic information
Gods & Goddesses
Handling change
Doubt & security
Quotes
Movies
Confusing terms
Glossary
End of the World?
True religion?
Seasonal events
Science vs Religion
More information

Spiritual/ethics
Spirituality
Morality & ethics
Absolute truth

Peace/conflict
Attaining peace
Religious tolerance
Religious freedom
Religious hatred
Religious conflict
Religious violence

"Hot" topics
Very hot topics
10 commandments
Abortion access
Assisted suicide
Cloning
Death penalty
Environment

Same-sex marriage

Homosexuality
Human rights
Gays in the military
Nudism
Origins
Sex & gender
Sin
Spanking kids
Stem cells
Transexuality
Women-rights
Other topics

Laws and news
Religious laws
Religious news

Sponsored links

 

 

 

!!!!!!!! Search error!  If the URL ends something like .htm/  or .htm# delete the character(s) after .htm and hit return.

Abortion statistics

Comparison of U.S. & world data. Effect of
emergency contraception (EC). Awareness of EC.

horizontal line

Sponsored link.


horizontal line

Comparison of U.S. figures to worldwide data:

bullet Worldwide, about 210 million pregnancies occur each year. About 46 million women have abortions. 1 Presumably most of the rest, 164 million, give birth. If one overlooks the occurrence of stillbirths, this represents an abortion ratio of 280 abortions per 1000 live births -- a value fairly close to that seen in the U.S.
 
bullet The abortion rate in the U.S. is much higher than rates reported for Australia, Canada, the UK, and other Western European countries.
 
bullet The U.S. abortion rate is lower than rates reported by China, Cuba, most Eastern European countries, and several of the states in Russia. 2,3 A major cause appears to be legal restrictions on the distribution of condoms, or an inadequate supply of contraceptives in some of these countries.

bullet Abortion and birth rates for teenagers are higher in the U.S. than in most Western European countries and some Eastern European countries apparently because of cultural and educational differences. 4

horizontal line

Sponsored link:

horizontal line

The effect of emergency contraception on the number of abortions:

In the year 2000, the Alan Guttmacher Institute evaluated the effect on emergency contraception (EC) on the total number of abortions in the U.S. It is generally acknowledged that this medication is 75% to 90% effective in preventing pregnancy if taken within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse.

bullet The Institute estimates that the total number of abortions was 1.4 million in 1994 and 1.3 million in 2000 - a reduction of 110,000 abortions or 11%.

bullet In their 1994 survey of women who had an abortion, they found 1,400 who had become pregnant in spite of using emergency contraception. Thus, they conservatively estimated that three times as many women (4,200 in total) had successfully used EC and had avoided becoming pregnant and having an abortion.

bullet In 1998, a more convenient form of EC, Preven, became available. In 1999, a second specially packaged EC came on the market. EC usage became much more common.

bullet In their year 2000 survey, the Institute found 17,000 who had become pregnant in spite of having using EC. They computed that 51,000 women had prevented pregnancy and a subsequent abortion in the year 2000 by using EC.

bullet The study concluded that the growth in emergency contraceptive usage was responsible for up to 43% of the decline in the number of abortions from 1994 to 2000.

horizontal line

Awareness of emergency contraception:

A 2000-NOV poll indicated that one out of four women had never heard of emergency contraceptives or morning-after pills. Nearly two out of three women did not realize that the pills were available in the U.S. 5

A 1999 to 2001 survey asked 6,198 California women aged 18 to 44 two questions:

"To the best of your knowledge, if a woman has unprotected sex is there anything she can do in the 3 days after intercourse that will prevent pregnancy?

"What can she do?"

They found that 38% of California women were able to correctly identify emergency contraception. Unfortunately, among the the women who were most likely to need emergency contraception -- those who were not using any contraceptive method -- only 29% identified an EC method. 6

A second study in 2004 followed a major public educational program. 7 The percentage of California women who had heard that the percentage of women who correctly identified emergency contraceptive rose to 65%

As more women become aware of the availability of EC, the potential for major future reductions in the abortion number, abortion rate and abortion ratio is great. The report on the 2004 folloup study stated:

"Nearly one half of the 6.3 million pregnacies occurring annually in the United States are unintended, and one half of unintended pregnancies end in abortion. 8 Emergency contraception (EC) pills, also known as the 'morning after pill,' have the potential to avert an estimated 1.7 million uninteded pregnancies annually, thereby reducing the number of abortions in the U.S. by as much as half." 9

horizontal line

References used:

The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.

  1. Alan Guttmacher Institute data, released 1999-JAN.
  2. S.K. Henshaw, et al., "The incidence of abortion worldwide." International Family Planning Perspectives, 1999;25(suppl): S30--S37. (Cited in Ref. 1)
  3. "Therapeutic abortions, 1996 and 1997," The Daily Statistics Canada. Ottawa: Minister of Industry, (2000). (Cited in Ref. 6)
  4. S.W. McElroy & K.A. Moore, "Trends over time in teenage pregnancy and childbearing: the critical changes." In: R.A. Maynard RA, Ed., "Kids having kids: economic costs and social consequences of teen pregnancy," Urban Institute Press, 1997: 23--53. (Cited in Ref. 6)
  5. Julie Severens Lyons, "Law makes morning-after pill available without prescription: Pharmacies will be able to dispense emergency contraceptives," The Mercury News, 2001-OCT-16, was at: http://www0.mercurycenter.com/
  6. "Knowledge of emergency contraception among women aged 18 to 44 in California." American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Volume 191, Issue 1, July 2004, Pages 150-156.
  7. Diana G. Foster, et al,. "Trends in knowledge of emergency contraception among women in California, 1999-2004," Womens Health Issues, 17 (2007). Pages 22-28, at: http://www.go2ec.org/
  8. S. Henshar, "Unintended pregnancy in the United States," Family Planning Perspectives, 30, Pages 24-29.
  9. R. Jones, et al., "Contraceptive use among U.S. women having abortions, 2000-2001," Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 34, Pages 294-303.

horizontal line

Site navigation: Home page > "Hot" religious topics > Abortion > Facts > here

horizontal line

Copyright © 2003 to 2010 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Originally written: 2003-JAN-4
Latest update: 2010-JUN-11
Author: B.A. Robinson

line.gif (538 bytes)
Sponsored link


horizontal line

Go to the previous page, or to the abortion statistics menu, or choose:

Google
Web ReligiousTolerance.org

Go to home page  We would really appreciate your help

E-mail us about errors, etc.  Purchase a CD of this web site

FreeFind search, lists of new essays...  Having problems printing our essays?


Twitter link

Facebook icon

Google Page Translator:

This page translator works on Firefox,
Opera, Chrome, and Safari browsers only

After translating, click on the "show
original" button at the top of this
page to restore page to English.

 

 

Sponsored link: