Although the conference focused on Middle East issues, the Amman
Declaration would appear to have wide application throughout the world's
||That conflicts between peoples and nations and religions should be
resolved by peaceful means in accordance with the norms and principles
equity, justice, tolerance and mutual respect in full consideration of
international legitimacy, the United Nations Charter, the Universal
UN Declaration on Human Rights and International law.
||That world leaders should reject any use of religion as a
justification for violence or a shield to justify discrimination.
||To appeal to the leaders of the world to promote reconciliation
where the painful experiences of the past have brought devastation and
hatred. To not let the past stand in the way of mutual respect and
||That the exercise of violence and aggression is inherently
incompatible with the letter and spirit of the great world religions
and that those world religions should distance themselves from violent
factions on all sides.
||That the younger generation be educated and encouraged to shape
their conscience in accordance with moral and spiritual values
and to take advantage of modern technology to acquire and share
objective information about each other's religions and cultural
Additional information supplied by CRACS:
The conferees urged that interfaith dialogue should be vigorously
pursued in order to promote a more profound understanding of each other
and with a view to removing misperceptions, distortions and disparaging
images and stereotypes which currently be-devil intercultural and
Finally, it was urged by the participants that the regions leaders
focus on the problems facing the inhabitants regarding environmental
pollution, land and water usage and shortage and distribution, racism,
marginalization of women, and the right of children to enjoy their
Of all the specific issues impacting peace, security and limitation of
armaments, the future of Jerusalem was considered to be of paramount
importance because of its profound historical connotations and its overall
relevance to the three major monotheistic faiths in the Middle East and
to people throughout the world.
In consideration and recognition thereof, the conference strongly urged
all parties concerned, particularly the Israelis and the Palestinians, to
come to terms over Jerusalem based upon mutually recognized legitimacy.
It was made clear in the presentations that solution of the Jerusalem
issue is an essential ingredient to a stable and lasting peace and that of
utmost importance is a universally accepted clearly delineated geographic
Jerusalem as contemplated by UN resolutions 242 in 1967 and 338 in 1973.
Of paramount importance also is recognition of the rights of Palestinian
refugees acknowledged in accordance with UN resolution 194 of December
The conference favors any solution the Palestinians and Israeli work
out on the basis of justice and mutual recognition. The framework should
contain the strongest possible guarantees for free access to holy sites
for all faiths without any impediments.
Further, inasmuch as peace is the ultimate objective of all people of
good will and all great religions whose roots lie in the hollowed soil of
the Middle East it was considered imperative to strive for the reduction
of conventional arms and the elimination of Weapons of Mass Destruction
(Biological, Chemical and Nuclear).
Dr. Ayman Khalil, News release, Center for Research on Arms Control and
Security (CRACS). 1999-DEC-16. Quoted by permission.
Originally written: 2000-JAN-2
Latest update: 2000-JAN-2
Author: B.A. Robinson