Belief systems within Christianity:
What is Arminianism?
It is a system of theological beliefs first advocated by a break-away group
of Dutch Calvinists, under Jacob Hermann Arminius. 1 Calvinists, who follow John Calvin's theology, and Arminians,
who follow Arminius, believe that the Bible supports their belief systems, and
can quote biblical passages in support of their stands.
adopted most of the beliefs of Arminianism, calling them Evangelical
Arminianism. They modified Arminius' beliefs about the transmittal of the
consequence of Adam and Eve's sin to successive generations, and the degree of a
Comparison of Arminianism with Calvinism:
taught beliefs that deviate significantly from each of The Five Points
||That each person is not totally depraved. They are not spiritually helpless.
They are capable of choosing to accept God and goodness. Everyone has free will
and can choose to be saved.
||God is aware of people's future acts. He selects the Elect (those who
will have the opportunity to be saved) and withholds grace from the
remaining humans, on the basis of his foreknowledge of who
would respond and be saved.
||Jesus died so that everyone had a chance to be saved. But Jesus' atonement did not immediately guarantee people's salvation. First,
the person must repent of their sin and choose to accept salvation.
Their personal regeneration then follows.
||Man has free will and thus can accept or resist the call of God.
||Arminius taught that a person can fall from grace during their life,
and thus lose their salvation. There has been disagreement over this
belief among modern Arminians. 3
Additional beliefs of Arminianism:
||When God created Adam and Eve, they were in a state of balance between good and
||The guilt of Adam and Eve when they ate the fruit of the tree of
knowledge of good and evil did not pass on to their descendents.
However, the pollution of that act did affect subsequent generations.
||Faith is an act of good will.
||Christ's righteousness is not transferred to the saved believer. 5
- Arminians have no connection to "Armenians"
who are a Christian group. Armenians are probably best known for the genocide perpetrated by
the Ottoman Empire during World War I. About 1.5
million Armenians were murdered -- an event that the Government of Turkey still
does not acknowledge. See: http://armenians.com/
- Frederick Norwood, "Arminianism," at: http://mb-soft.com/believe/txc/
- "Comparison of Calvinism and Arminianism," Topics in
Theology, at: http://home.earthlink.net/~andrepar/
- "Arminianism," at: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01740c.htm
- Alan Cairns, "Dictionary of Theological Terms: Arminianism,"
Ambassador Productions, (1998), Page 39 & 40.
Books on Arminianism.
Copyright © 2001 to 2016 by Ontario Consultants on Religious
Originally written: 2002-JUL-21
Latest update: 2016-SEP-24
Author: B.A. Robinson