orientation (no gays and bisexuals allowed).
We describe these policies elsewhere. In early 2013, they modified their exclusionary policies slightly to allow gay youth into Scouting. Adult gays and non-theists of all ages remain excluded.
Early opposition to BSA discrimination policies against gays:
1991: William Boyce Mueller, grandson of BSA founder William
Dickson Boyce, joined with a group of other gays called "The
Forgotten Scouts." Their goal is to disprove the BSA's "claim
that homosexuals do not exist among its ranks." The group hopes
to prove that "gays have always been an important part of scouting
in America." They hope "to destroy the myth that gay men
are bad role models for young boys."
1992: Troup 260 of San Jose CA adopted a policy: "We do not
agree that sexual orientation is immoral. Sexual preference is a private issue.
We don't believe it to be relevant in the selection of adult leaders or in the
awarding of Eagle Scout rank."
Scouting for All:
1993: "Scouting for All" (S4A) was founded by Mike
Cahn, Ken McPherson, Don Henry, Dave Rice and others. They promote making the
scouting movement open to persons of all sexual orientations and
religious beliefs. 1
1997: By this time, Scouting for All was inactive. 12 year old
Steve Cozza wrote a letter to the editor which received "wide media
attention and public support." This breathed new life into the
S4A is committed to "Scouting open to diversity." Its mission is "to get the
Boy Scouts of America to rescind its
policy of discrimination against gay youth and adults." S4A feels that "the future of Scouting depends upon the Boy Scouts of America being
respected by all parts of American Society."
International began as a program of the Aquarian Tabernacle
Church (ATC), "partly in reaction to Boy Scouts policies prohibiting gays." 2,3 It spread widely and
is now available worldwide. According to the SpiralScouts web site:
"Each group is led by both a male and a female adult, to achieve and
teach the balance that is so central to Earth-centered beliefs. While
SpiralScouts was developed on Pagan beliefs and practices, it is
designed to be adaptable by other minority faiths as well. In addition
to traditional woodland lore, camping and the outdoor living skills, the
program includes teaching the many mythologies of the ancient world.
Uniquely, it includes a component new to youth group programming - life
strategies and skills for teens, to help them learn early how to have
good relationships with their peers and adults, and interpersonal skills
that will serve them throughout their adult lives. " 4
The smallest groups, consisting of a single-family group or groups
containing up to two unrelated children are called a Hearth and are led by
one or two parents, called Hearth Keepers.
Larger group are called a Circle. Within each circle there may be a
number of Hearths. Often they are organized by age:
FireFlies (preschoolers through age 8)
SpiralScouts (ages 8 through 14)
PathFinders (ages 14 and up).
A Clan is a larger council group made up of two or more Circles. A Tribe
is a group made up of local Clans and are normally country, state or
This is an organization based in New York City wwith programs for boys
and girls aged 7 to 18. It appears to be an inclusive group with many of the
same goals as the BSA.
The oath taken by their youth members is called the "Navigator Moral
"As a Navigator I promise to do my best To help create a world free
of prejudice and ignorance.
To treat people of every race, creed, lifestyle, and ability with dignity
To strengthen my body and Improve my mind to reach my full potential.
To protect our planet and preserve our freedom."
Their Cardinal Points are:
"A Navigator is Truthful, Respectful, Inclusive, Generous, Patient,
Dependable, Resourceful, and Honest." 6
Scouts for Equality (SFE):
As their name implies, they favor allowing youth members and adult leaders with a gay, lesbian, or bisexual orientation to join the BSA.
The United Church of Christ has endorsed Scouts for Equality. In their joint statement they wrote, in part:
"God’s table is open to everyone. We embrace the God-given worth and dignity of all people and are committed to the value of extravagant welcome where everyone has a place at the table. We cannot support a policy that limits the diversity of BSA membership any more than we can deny the interconnected web of faith that unites us all in the eyes of God. Adopting an inclusive membership policy and supporting all youth is the right thing to do.
The BSA has welcomed many people from many backgrounds, and we look forward to the day that our gay and bisexual brothers and sisters are welcome as scouts and as leaders. We stand with Scouts for Equality and ask the BSA to end its policy of exclusion.
The Unitarian Universalist Association (UUA) has also endorsed Scouts for Equality. The UUA is perhaps the most liberal and progressive organized faith group in the U.S. In their joint statement they wrote, in part:
"... the UUA stands with Scouts for Equality in asking the BSA to accept gay youth and parents regardless of sexual orientation. We welcome the UUA’s support of equality and inclusiveness in the BSA.
During 2013-APR, the BSA executive issued a proposed change to the rules of exclusion that would allow gay youths to join and remain in Scouting until their 18th birthday. Zach Wahls, an Eagle Scout and the founder of Scouts for Equality issued a statement about the proposed change:
"Scouts for Equality supports the Boy Scouts of America’s proposal to end its ban on gay youth nationwide as it is a crucial step and we will work to encourage members of the National Council to vote to approve it. But we will continue to fight to push discrimination out of Scouting once and for all. For families like mine, the BSA’s ban on gay leaders will continue to prevent many great and loving parents from sharing the joys of Scouting with their children. But today, this is about the kids, and we are glad that the Boy Scouts of America is taking this historic step forward." 7