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2018-OCT to 2019-FEB

The "Caravan of Despair:"
Central American Migrants
Traveling Towards the U.S.
North Carolina Election fraud.
7-year-old girl dies in
Border Patrol custody.
Poll indicates "Government:
as most important problem.
Trump's 2018 ratings by state.

Part 27 of "Conflicts During
President Trump's Administration"

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This topic is continued here from the previous essay.

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2018-NOV-03: Caravans were headed North towards the U.S. (Continued)

According to a Washington Post article on NOV-03:

"Gun-carrying civilian groups and border vigilantes [in the U.S.] have heard a call to arms in President Trump’s warnings about threats to American security posed by caravans of Central American migrants moving through Mexico. They’re packing coolers and tents, oiling rifles, and tuning up aerial drones, with plans to form caravans of their own and trail American troops to the border." 5

It seems that this will result in:

  • highly disciplined and armed military and border guards accompanied by relatively undisciplined and uninvited vigilantes on the North side of the American-Mexican border;

  • Unarmed parents and children on the South side of the border headed North;

  • Instructions from President Trump for the military to treat any rocks thrown by people in the caravan as if they are death-dealing rifle bullets.

That sounds like a prescription for major incidents of great violence and loss of life among the women, men and children of the caravans.

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2018-NOV-24: Update:

Benjamin Oreskes  and Shelby Grad, writing in the Los Angeles Times, said:

"A small faction of a larger group of 6,219 Central American migrants in Tijuana slowly and peacefully pushed within 500 feet of the U.S. border while armed Mexican federal police held a barrier near the pedestrian crossing." 6

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2018-NOV-26: Honduran woman in the caravan gives birth in U.S.:

Maryury Serrano Hernandez, 19, a Honduran woman gave birth to her second child in the U.S. after having entered the country illegally near Imperial Beach, CA, across from the borner from Tijuana, Mexico. While in custody in the U.S., she started labor and was taken to a U.S. hospital where she gave birth. She, her husband and 2-year-old son, and baby hope to join famil in Columbus OH while their cases are pending. No news source seems to have mentioned the birth date or sex of the newborn.

By having been born in the U.S., the newborn automatically has U.S. citizenship. President Trump said in October that he could end birthright citizenship with an executive order. However, most scholars on the left and right say that it woud take a constitutional amendment to do this.

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2018-NOV-29: False news updates:

On NOV-26, President Trump said that three border patrol agents had been "very badly hurt" by members of a caravan of migrants from Central America. Both U.S. Customs and Border Protection Commissioner (CBP) Kevin McAleenan and Department of Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen denied that any border patrol agents were seriously injured during the disturbance. Somebody in the government was obviously lying or had been supplied with false information.

A photograph was widely circulated on the Internet, allegedly showing an agent with serious injury to his right eye and blood cascading down his face. The website, which monitors false news, investigated. They reported that the picture did show a border agent injured by a rock, and that the photograph had been provided by U.S. Customs and Border Protection. However, the incident happened during an assault by a drug smuggler in 2013, not in 2018 by asylum seekers. 7

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2018-DEC-02: Update:

Forty-two members of a caravan were involved in a clash on the Mexico-U.S. border at Tijuana. Four U.S. border agents were hit with rocks but none sustained a serious injury. The incident ended with U.S. authorities firing tear gas and pepper spray into Mexico. No criminal charges were laid. 8

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2018-DEC-05: Election fraud detected in North Carolina:

A suspected case of voter fraud was uncovered in North Carolina's 9th Congressional District election that may have resulted in Mark Harris (R) being elected by a narrow margin of 905 votes. The Washington Post published an article with the title: "North Carolina election-fraud investigation centers on operative with criminal history who worked for GOP congressional candidate." It appears that unusually high numbers of mail-in ballots were requested in Bladen County, and an unusual percentage of those ballots were never returned.

Amy Gardner and Kirk Ross, writing for the Washington Post, said:

"Nearly 55 percent of ballots mailed to Native American voters and 36 percent mailed to African American voters were not returned, while the non-return rate among white voters in the district was just 18 percent, according to state records.

Native and African Americans tend to vote Democrat, while White Americans there tend to vote Republican.

It seems that many voters in the area were approached by persons who offered to take their absentee mail-in-balllot and process it for them. This is not allowed in North Carolina where election laws only allow the individual voter or certain designated close relatives to mail a ballot. 8,9

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2018-DEC-08: A seven-year-old girl, a refugee from Guatemala, died:

She died in custody by the Border Patrol on DEC-08. She had been with her father and 161 other migrants who had crossed into the U.S. state of New Mexico from Mexico and had turned themselves in to three Border Patrol agents on DEC-06. Eight hours after being taken into custody whe started having seizures. Her body temperature soared to 105.9 degrees F. She was airlifted to an El Paso, TX hospital, where she died early on DEC-08 of cardiac arrest

Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-CA, issued a statement saying:

"It's heartbreaking and unacceptable that a 7-year-old girl died of dehydration and shock last week in Customs and Border Protection custody." Families walking hundreds of miles across the desert for a chance for refuge in the United States are desperate. This country owes them compassionate, humane treatment."

Her father disputed the allegation that she had no food or water for days before her death.

U.S. Rep. Beto O'Rourke, (D-TX) said:

"We've turned our back not just on these people but on our best traditions. We are causing suffering and in the case of Jakelin, seven years old, we are causing death." 10,11

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2019-FEB-18: Poll finds government is the most serious problem in the U.S.:

A Gallup poll found that the problems of greatest concern in the U.S. is the government. Thirty-five percent of U.S. adults expressed this concern. This is the highest percentage ever found by the polling company. 12 In comparison, values at the turn of the century were on the order of 5%. The value has almost doubled since 2018-NOV.

Justin McCarthy and Jeffrey M. Jones, writing for Gallup, said:

"Since January 2017, about the time Donald Trump took office, the government has been the top problem each month except in the November poll, and in July 2018. In both of those months, immigration edged out the government at the top of the list."

The main concerns among the public are:

"... gridlock, lack of bipartisanship, both parties ,or other general concerns about the way government is operating. ... there has been a surge in the percentage of Democrats seeing both parties as the problem, or citing general concerns about gridlock and lack of cooperation. Likewise, there has been a sharp increase in the number of Republicans and independents seeing both parties, gridlock, or related issues as the problem."

Problems of lesser concern are:

  • Immigration 19%
  • Healthcare 6%
  • Race relations/Racism 5%
  • Unifying the country 4%
  • Poverty/Hunger/Homelessness 4%
  • Environment/Pollution 3%
  • Ethics/Moral/Religious/Familly declne 3%. 12

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2019-FEB-22: President Trump's approval ratings during 2018, by state:

Jeffrey M. Jones, writing for Gallup, listed President Trump's approval ratings during 2018. Approval was:

  • Less than 40% in 16 states -- generally states in New England and the West Coast.
  • 50% or above in 17 states, generally states in the U.S. South and Mountain West areas.
  • Highest in West Virginia at 62%
  • Lowest in Hawaii at 28%.
  • Overall, his national approval rating rose from 38% in 2017 to 40% in 2018.

Jones lists some changes that President Trump's woul need to win the 2020 Presidential election:

"In order to get to the 270 electoral votes needed to win the presidency, Trump would have to win all but one or two of the states in which his 2018 approval rating was between 41% and 49%. Some of the more challenging states to win from among this group, based on that approval rating, would be Texas (41%); Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Michigan (all at 42%); and Arizona and Florida (43%). Trump won all of those states in 2016, and thus it is certainly possible that he can do so again. But he clearly has a lot of ground to make up in those states to get close enough to 50% that he can finish with more electoral votes nationwide than the Democratic candidate." 13

It is important to remember that Presidents of the U.S. iare not elected by a simple majority of votes. That was obvious to everyone in the 2016 election when Hilary Clinton received more votes than Donald Trump and yet lost the election. Also, a presidential candidate is not elected by having most voters in a majority of states voting for him. Presidential elections are based on an Electoral College system which was originally set up to give Southern states that allowed slave owning at the time to have a greater influence over presidential elections.

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2019-MAR-05: Gallup rates President Trump's approval/disapproval among the U.S. public:

Megan Brenan, writing for Gallup, reports on the latest public opinion polls on President Trump's ratings.

The overall rating of "his job as president is 43% approval and 54% disapproval. Among Republicants it was 90% approval, among Democrats it was 6%, and among idependents 35%.

He received high favorable ratings for handling the economy (56%) which is an all-time high for his presidency. His favorable rating for unemployment was also high (54%).

However, he received some other low ratings. On:

  • relations with Russia (39%),
  • race relations (38%),
  • corruption in government (37%) and
  • the situation in Syria (35%). 14

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References used:

The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.

  1. Zachary Cohen et al., "Veterans slam Trump for border 'stunt'," CNN Politics, 2018-OCT-31, at:
  2. Alex Ward, "The US is sending 5,000 troops to the border. Here’s what they can and can’t do." 2018-OCT-31, at:
  3. Rick Barton, "This is what Trump should do about the migrant caravan," Washington Post, 2018-NOV-19, at: https://www.washingtonpost.
  4. "Caravan migrants to Trump: ‘We are not killers’," The Globe and Mail, 2018-NOV-03, at:
  5. Mary Lee Grant & Nick Miroff, "U.S. militia groups head to border, stirred by Trump’s call to arms," The Washington Post, 2018-NOV-03, at:
  6. Benjamin Oreskes  & Shelby Grad, "Essential California: Dire warnings on climate change from the federal government," Los Angeles Times, 2018-NOV-24, at:
  7. "Does This Photograph Show a Border Patrol Agent Injured by a Thrown Rock?," Snopes, 2018-NOV-29, at:
  8. "Official: No One Arrested in Border Clash Will Be Prosecuted," Associated Press, 2018-DEC-03, at:
  9. Amy Gardner & Kirk Ross, "North Carolina election-fraud investigation centers on operative with criminal history who worked for GOP congressional candidate," Washington Post, 2018-DEC-03, at:
  10. Molly O'Toole, "White House defends Border Patrol after Guatemalan girl dies in its custody," Los Angeles Times, 2018-DEC-14, at:
  11. Caroline Linton, "New details about 7-year-old migrant girl's death in custody," CBS News, 2018-DEC-16, at:
  12. Justin McCarthy and Jeffrey M. Jones, "Record High Name Government as Most Important Problem," Gallup, 2019-FEB-18, at:
  13. Jeffrey M. Jones, "Trump Job Approval 50% or Higher in 17 States in 2018," Gallup, 2019-FEB-22, at:
  14. Megan Brenan, "Trump's Rating on Economy Still Top Strength, Hits New High," Gallup, 2019-MAR-05, at:

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Copyright © Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Author: B.A. Robinson
Originally posted on: 2019-FEB-22

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