gender dysphoria, & gender identity
Part 2 of 2 parts:
Status of, causes of, & cures for, transexuality
according to the Roman Catholic Church
2000-2003: An official, although initially secret, ruling by the Vatican: (Continued):
Bishop Gregory may not have been aware of the existence of intersexual babies who are born with ambiguous genitalia and whose birth gender cannot be determined "at the moment of birth."
According to the Catholic News Service, the document seems to regard transsexuals as being mentally ill, unstable, and mentally incompetent. It states:
- "... that the [gender reassignment surgery or GRS] procedure could be morally acceptable in certain
extreme cases if a medical probability exists that it will 'cure' the
patient's internal turmoil."
- Religious superiors have: "administrative authority to expel a member of the community who has undergone the procedure."
- "A recommendation of psychiatric treatment and spiritual counseling
for transsexual priests. It suggests they can continue to exercise
their ministry privately if it does not cause scandal."
- "... those who undergo sex-change operations are
unsuitable candidates for priesthood and religious life because of
- "... people who have undergone a sex-change operation cannot enter into a valid marriage, either because they would be
marrying someone of the same sex in the eyes of the church or because their mental state casts doubt on their ability to make and uphold
their marriage vows."
- "An affirmation of the validity of marriages in which one partner
later undergoes the procedure, unless a church tribunal determines
that a transsexual disposition predated the wedding ceremony."
The first statement would seem to relax previous prohibitions against GRS, since the emotional distress faced by transgender persons is normally "extreme" and essentially all persons going through GRS are pleased with the result. However, the Catholic News Service notes that:
"... a source familiar with the document said recent medical evidence
suggested that in a majority of cases the procedure increases the likelihood of depression and psychic disturbance."
We have been unable to locate any surveys that negate earlier surveys and support the source's beliefs. 4
2008: Pope Benedict XVI repeats the Church's position:
During late 2008, Pope Benedict XVI said in a speech that our gender was a gift from the creator. He denounced those who would try to change it. He said: "It is a question here of faith in the Creator and of listening to the language of creation, the devaluation of which leads to the self-destruction of man and therefore to the destruction of the same work of God." 3
2015: Two journalists write a book on Pope Francis' views of the economy:
Coauthors are Andrea Tornielli and Giacomo Galeazzi. It is titled: "This Economy Kills: Pope Francis on Capitalism and Social Justice." The Amazon.com review states:
"When Pope Francis wrote in his apostolic letter The Joy of the Gospel that the economy of the West is one that 'kills,' he was immediately labeled by some as a Marxist. Criticisms came fast and furious, not only from financial columnists and conservative cable personalities, but also from some Catholic commentators, especially in the United States.
In This Economy Kills, two of the most respected journalists covering the Vatican today explore the Pope’s teaching and witness on the topic; the ways it relates to other topics like war, the environment, and family life; its connections to the teaching of his predecessors; and the criticism it has generated, especially from the direction of the United States. This fascinating book includes the full text of an extended interview the authors conducted with Francis on the topic of capitalism and social justice, appearing here in English for the first time.
This Economy Kills is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand Pope Francis’s convictions about the world we live in and the way he believes Christians are called to shape it." 5
According to Joe Morgan, writing for Gay Star News, Pope Francis is quoted in the book as saying that people who manipulate their bodies are simlar to Herods who:
"... destroy, that plot designs of death, that disfigure the face of man and woman, destroying creation. ... Let’s think of the nuclear arms, of the possibility to annihilate in a few instants a very high number of human beings. Let’s think also of genetic manipulation, of the manipulation of life, or of the gender theory, that does not recognize the order of creation. With this attitude, man commits a new sin, that against God the Creator.
The true custody of creation does not have anything to do with the ideologies that consider man like an accident, like a problem to eliminate.
God has placed man and woman and the summit of creation and has entrusted them with the earth. The design of the Creator is written in nature.
If we fail in this responsibility, if we do not take care of our brothers and of all creation, destruction advances."
The heading of the article is rather shocking, but is guaranteed to trigger attention: "Pope Francis compares trans people to nuclear weapons."
6 In ten months, the article received 0 comments from readers.
Is there any wiggle room that would allow a Catholic
to undergo GRS?
If one accepts the teaching of the church that gender reassignment surgery (GRS)
and hormone treatments distort the God-designed and God-created human body to
the extent that it is a very serious sin, one might ask if there are extenuating
circumstances which would make the procedures acceptable to the church.
There is a widespread belief called the "50% Rule:" that 50% of all
transsexuals die before the age of 30, usually by suicide. This was apparently
true decades ago when GRS was generally unavailable. It is presumably much lower
today since GRS has become more widely available, and is close to 100%
successful in their goal of minimizing Gender Dysphoria.
In most ethical systems, an act that is sinful by itself can sometimes be
justified if it results in a greater good. For example, during pregnancy
situations can arise where an abortion is needed to prevent the death of the
woman. If no abortion is performed, both the fetus and the woman
will die. Faced with the alternatives of one death or two, most ethical systems
would consider the abortion very regrettable, but morally justified.
In the case of transsexuals, one could argue that to make GRS unavailable
would significantly increase the number of suicides within that population.
Assuming that the incidence of transsexuals is 1 adult in every 3,000, they total
perhaps 60,000 in the U.S. For every 100 GRS procedures performed, the lives of
perhaps 25 transsexuals could be saved from suicide. Could those 25 lives saved
outweigh what the Catholic Church would consider the sin of 100 GRS procedures?
The answer is no. A prime directive of Catholic moral teaching is that one
cannot morally commit an evil act even if the end result would be a major
benefit. In the previously cited case of a pregnancy gone bad, no abortion is
morally possible. The physician can only provide comfort care and pray for a miracle. Both the woman
and fetus must die. In the case of transsexuals, no GRS procedure is
permissible by the church, even if one life might be saved for every four procedures
Fortunately, the Church offers a way to resolve this dilemma: confession. A
transsexual might elect to undergo GRS, and later confess their sin to a priest
with genuine sorrow during the sacrament of penance. They could promise to not
undergo any further reassignment surgery, and receive absolution.
Unfortunately, this path might not allow continuation of hormone treatments,
which we assume the Church also considers a sin. That is because one of
the principles of confession is the person's intent to not repeat the sin in the
The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above
essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.
- "Straight Answers: The Morality of 'Sex Change' Operations," The Catholic
Herald, 2005-OCT-19, at:
- "Straight Answers: Surgery That Destroys Bodily Integrity," The Catholic
Herald, 2001-JAN-10, at:
- Jori Lewis, "Transgender and Christian: Finding identity," Religion Dispatches magazine, 2009-SEP-03, at: http://www.religiondispatches.org/
- John Norton, "Vatican says 'sex-change' operation does not change person's gender," Catholic News Service, 2003-JAN-14, reprinted at: http://ai.eecs.umich.edu/
- Andrea Tornielli and Giacomo Galeazzi, "This Economy Kills: Pope Francis on Capitalism and Social Justice," Liturgical Press, (2015). As of late 2015, it costs $17.11 plus postage in paperback format. Read reviews or order this book safely from Amazon.com online book store
- Joe Morgan, "Pope Francis compares trans people to nuclear weapons," Gay Star News, 2015-FEB-19, at: http://www.gaystarnews.com/
Copyright © 2007 to 2015 by Ontario Consultants on
Latest update: 2015-DEC-26
Author: B.A. Robinson