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Comparison of the Ten Commandments with similar passages in the Qur'an

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Overview:

The Ten Commandments are also called the Decalogue. There are three versions of the Ten Commandments mentioned in the Hebrew Scriptures -- a.k.a. Old Testament. All are different. They can be found at Exodus 20:2-17, Exodus 34:12-26, and Deuteronomy 5:6-21. They all differ. However, the version in Exodus 20 is by far the most commonly cited.

Depending upon how Ten Commandments are interpreted, the Exodus 20 version contain a total of 19 to 25 separate instructions that various faith groups have sorted into ten commandments. They form part of the 613 injunctions, prohibitions and commands which make up the Mosaic Code.

The Qur'an is the revealed text that Muslims believe was dictated by the angel Gabriel to Muhammad, the greatest and final of the prophets of God.

The Qur'an appears to refer to the Decalogue and to urge that they be followed; however it does not contain the actual text:

007.145 "And We ordained laws for him in the tablets in all matters, both commanding and explaining all things, (and said): 'Take and hold these with firmness, and enjoin thy people to hold fast by the best in the precepts'..."

Although it does not contain the Decalogue as a unit, phrases throughout the Qur'an are very similar to the Ten Commandments. Some comparisons are listed below:

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Comparison of verses from the Hebrew Scriptures and Qur'an:

Hebrew Scriptures: Exodus 20 Qur'an
3: Thou shalt have no other gods before me. 17:22: Do not associate another deity with God.
47:19: Know therefore that there is no god but God.
4-6: Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.... 6:103: No visions can encompass Him, but He encompasses all visions.
14:35: My Lord, make this a peaceful land, and protect me and my children from worshiping idols.
42:11: There is nothing that equals (like) Him.
7: Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. 2:224: Do not use God's name in your oaths as an excuse to prevent you from dealing justly.
73:8: Remember the name of your Lord and devote yourself to Him exclusively.
76:25 Glorify the name of your Lord morning and evening.
8-11: Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant [male slave], nor thy maidservant [female slave], nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates....

See below.

12: Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee. 17:23-24: You shall be kind to your parents. If one or both of them live to their old age in your lifetime, you shall not say to them any word of contempt nor repel them, and you shall address them in kind words. You shall lower to them the wing of humility and pray: "O Lord! Bestow on them Your blessings just as they cherished me when I was a little child."
13: Thou shalt not kill. 17:33: And do not take any human being's life - that God willed to be sacred - other than in [the pursuit of] justice."
14: Thou shalt not commit adultery. 17:32: You shall not commit adultery. Surely it is a shameful deed and an evil way.
15: Thou shalt not steal. 5:38 & 39: The thief, male or female, you shall mark their hands as a punishment for their crime, and to serve as an example from GOD. GOD is Almighty, Most Wise.
16: Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. 25:72: And (know that the true servants of God are) those who do not bear witness to falsehood.
Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant [male slave], nor his maidservant [female slave], nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's. 4:32: Do not covet the bounties that God has bestowed more abundantly on some of you than on others.

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Concerning the Sabbath:

The Qur'an, at 16:124, states that the Sabbath day of complete rest was only required for Jews.

However, congregational prayer (called Salat Al-Jumu`ah) is held on Friday evenings. Muslims are expected to attend. In 62:9, it states: "O you who believe, when the Congregational Prayer is announced on Friday, you shall hasten to the commemoration of GOD, and drop all business."

Imam Hamad Ahmad Chebli, spiritual leader of the Islamic Society of Central Jersey, near Princeton, said: "While the notion of Sabbath rest is not found in Islam, more and more Muslims are finding time for Fridayís communal midday prayers" 3 According to Monique Parsons' essay in Beliefnet.com: "As many as 1,500 people break from work on Fridays to enter Chebliís mosque to pray quietly, reflect on a weekly sermon and worship as a community." 3

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Related sections on this web site that may be of interest:

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Islam

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Comparison of Islam and Christianity

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References used:

  1. From the King James Version of the Bible.

  2. Arsalan Iftikhar, "Islam-OpEd: The Ten Commandments - God's Law, Man's Choice," Islam Infonet, 2005-FEB-28.

  3. Monique Parsons, "Sabbath Chic: People of many faiths are finding the up side to down time," Beleifnet.com, at: http://www.beliefnet.com/

  4. "The Ten Commandments in the Qur'an," Holy Qur'an Resources on the Internet, at: http://www.quran.org.uk/

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Site navigation:

 Home page > Religious Laws Decalogue > here

 Home page > ChristianityBible themes & topicsDecalogue > here

 Home page > World Religions Islam > here

 Home page > Comparing religions > here

 Home page > Religious Laws >  here

 Home page > ChristianityBible themes & topics > here

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Copyright © 2005 & 2006 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Originally posted: 2005-MAR-01
Latest update: 2006-FEB-09
Author: B.A. Robinson

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