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Opinions of:

bullet William Easum, is a church consultant and Christian futurist.
bullet Lucy Forster-Smith, a college chaplain.
bullet David Gibson, a religious news writer.
bullet Douglas Hall, a professor of Christian theology.
bullet Daphne Hampson, a lecturer in systematic theology.

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William Easum

"Bill" Easum is the "Senior Managing Partner of Easum, Bandy and Associates (formerly 21st Century Strategies). Bill is one of the most highly respected church consultants and Christian futurists in North America." 1 He describes some of the trends that he expects in the Christian church during the 21st century:

bullet Worship will focus on experiences of God rather than learning about God.
bullet The unchurched, who he describes as "biblically illiterate and ethically void" is a growing segment of society. They need to "experience the presence (immanence) of God."
bullet Churches will become a safe place where the parishioners can seek protection from the increasing hostility of the world which will be directed against Christians.
bullet Programs will be aimed at converting the unchurched rather than pulling in life-long Christians.
bullet Churches will make disciples rather than encouraging the laity to hold offices in the church.
bullet House churches and small groups will proliferate. 
bullet A high commitment will be expected of all.
bullet There will be an Increased role for the laity.
bullet Churches will become multicultural.
bullet Quasi-denominations (loose alliances of churches) will emerge.
bullet Churches will tend to be more theologically conservative.
bullet The latest technology will be exploited.
bullet Churches will focus on serving an geographical area.

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Lucy Forster-Smith:

Lucy Forser-Smith is a chaplain at Macalester College in St. Paul, MN. As a guest columnist for PioneerPlanet, she made a number of points:
bullet There is a "massive resurgence of interest in religion" globally, although some would claim that the interest will be in spirituality, not religion.
bullet New religious movement will be spawned.
bullet An unidentified writer has predicted that by the year 2020, 30% of all teen-agers will draw their main religious experience from the Internet.
bullet Many will want an immediacy of spiritual experience; "a 'felt experience' is the way of the future."
bullet Islam is the fastest growing religion world-wide; it will take on a greater importance in the U.S.
bullet Christianity is growing rapidly in Africa.
bullet The gap in belief between liberal and conservative Christianity will widen.
bullet Many denominations will split due to "deep differences in biblical interpretation and lifestyle practice." The latter is an apparent reference to persons with a homosexual or bisexual orientation.
bullet Megachurches, where one can tap into everything from Bible study to support groups, will become more common. Other religions may follow suit.
bullet At the other end of the scale, very small congregations will form clusters and hire a single leader. 
bullet She sees a call "to seek the larger good of this globe... and anchor our lives in something larger than ourselves." 2

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David Gibson:

David Gibson is a religious newswriter from The Bergen (Hackensack, N.J.) Record. In an article written for PioneerPlanet, he predicted trends in Christianity during the next millennium:

bullet "Cafeteria Christianity" (where believers pick and choose "what appeals to them in various denominations, even in other faiths") will increase.
bullet Gibson quoted George Gallup Jr., the pollster from Princeton, N.J.: "Religion has become a bit of a dirty word. It sounds dead, old-fashioned, archaic. Spirituality is a safer word. If you can say you are spiritual, you don't have to make a commitment. For a lot of people it's a way out."
bullet Gibson wrote: "Lately, religion has become so psychologized [sic] that its aim is often purely one of inner peace. The ancient commandment to help one's neighbor can become an afterthought. Combine that with faddism and good old American individualism, and we see a 'religion' so privatized that it has little impact on society at large."
bullet Religious attendance and belief in God or some higher power remains very high in the U.S. "About one-third of Americans say they have had a profound religious experience, and the rest seem to be looking for one."
bullet Christianity remains highly fragmented. He quotes a book by Phyllis Tickle, the religion editor of Publishers Weekly, titled: "Re-Discovering the Sacred" She referred to some 2,500 distinct forms of Christianity in the U.S. 3
bullet Denominational loyalty is decreasing. By the late 1980's, over a third of the Christians in the U.S. have switched denominations during their lifetime. At least 60% of Americans are married to a person from another denomination. The percentage of Americans who have no religious preference doubled from 7% in 1972 to 14% now.
bullet He quotes Richard Cimino and Don Lattin in "Shopping for Faith: American Religion in the New Millennium:" 4 "One way to understand American religion and chart its future is to see the world of faith like any other product or service in the U.S. economy.''
bullet Religious experience will be increasingly divorced from church congregations. "... 8 in 10 Americans already say the Internet plays a role in their spiritual lives," and in another close to 20% say they will rely "primarily or exclusively on the Internet for religious input" by 2010."

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Douglas Hall:

Douglas Hall is Professor of Christian Theology at McGill University, in Montreal, Quebec. In his book "The end of Christendom and the future of Christianity," he writes: 5

bullet Under the Roman emperors Constantine and Theodosius in the fourth century CE, Christianity underwent a great shift. Christianity, the faith, evolved into the imperial church. A shift in the reverse direction is occurring today. "Christianity has arrived at the end of its sojourn as the official, or established, religion of the Western world."
bullet Christian churches are gradually being pushed to the edges of society; they are being disestablished. The process cannot be reversed.
bullet "The decline and humiliation of Christendom in the West is...a process. It is not a matter of sudden death."
bullet Most denominations are living in a delusion: that we are still living in a basically Christian civilization, as if Christianity is the "official religion of the official culture."
bullet Christianity may return to its original, first century form, "the disciple community described by the Scriptures."

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Daphne Hampson:

Ms. Hampson is a Lecturer in Systematic Theology at the University of St. Andrews in the UK.  In her book, Theology and Feminism,she asserts that Christianity and feminism are incompatible. 6 She states:

bullet "...feminism represents the death-knell of Christianity as a viable religious option...the feminist challenge strikes at the heart of Christianity."
bullet The religious myths of the Israelites and, later, of Christian theology represent simply two of many groups in the world who interpreted the world from their own perspective.
bullet The Christian myth is no longer either either tenable or ethical.
bullet The path of the future is towards post-Christianity: to find a method of viewing God independently of the Christian myth, and in today's language. In doing so, we "shall be doing no more than did others in their time, drawing on the cultural milieu in which they lived.

The implication in her writing is that feminism is the stronger force. It will cause the eventual abandonment of the Christian religion because of the latter's ties to male supremacy.

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  1. W.M. Easum, "The church of the 21st century," at:
  2. "Future of Religion Research Page" by the World Network of Religious Futurists at:
  3. Phyllis Tickle, "Re-Discovering the Sacred: Spirituality in America," Crossroad, (1995) Read reviews or order this book safely"
  4. Richard Cimino and Don Lattin in "Shopping for Faith: American Religion in the New Millennium" Read reviews or order this book safely
  5. Excerpts from: Douglas Hall, "The end of Christendom and the future of Christianity," Trinity (1997) at:
  6. Excerpts from: Daphne Hampson, "Theology and Feminism," Basil Blackwell, (1990) at: 

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Copyright 2000 to 2004 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Originally written: 2000-JAN-15
Latest update: 2004-OCT-23
Author: B.A. Robinson

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