The Alliance of Baptists broke with conventional conservative Christian
beliefs about Judaism. They issued "A Baptist Statement on Jewish-Christian
Relations" on 1995-MAR-4. 1.2 The Alliance acknowledged that the Nazi
Holocaust was made possible only by
"... centuries of Christian teaching and
church-sanctioned action directed against the Jews simply because they were Jews. As
Baptist Christians we are the inheritors of and, in our turn, have been the transmitters
of a theology which lays the blame for the death of Jesus at the feet of the Jews...a
theology which has valued conversion over dialogue, invective over understanding, and
prejudice over knowledge..."
They confessed their sins of "of
complicity...of silence...of indifference and inaction to the horrors of the Holocaust."
They called upon all Baptists to join them in:
"Affirming the teaching of the Christian Scriptures that God has not rejected
the community of Israel, God's covenant people (Romans 11:1-2), since 'the gifts and
calling of God are irrevocable' (Romans 11:29);
Renouncing interpretations of Scripture which foster religious stereotyping and
prejudice against the Jewish people and their faith;
Seeking genuine dialogue with the broader Jewish community, a dialogue built on mutual
respect and the integrity of each other's faith;
Lifting our voices quickly and boldly against all expressions of anti-Semitism;
Educating ourselves and others on the history of Jewish-Christian relations from the
first century to the present, so as to understand our present by learning from our past."
In essence, they urged that fellow Baptists abandon the traditional, conservative supercessionist
concept and accept the mainline and liberal dual covenant belief. Jews would no
longer be evangelized. The Baptists advocated sincere dialogue between
Christianity and Judaism, accepting both religions as being of
There have been many interactions between the Southern Baptist Convention
(SBC) and the Jewish faith:
In 1867, the Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) passed its first resolution to urge their organization and
membership to convert Jews to evangelical Christianity. During the following 130 years, 8
similar resolutions were passed. 3
A struggle developed in the 1970's within the SBC. By 1979,
Fundamentalists had begun to
wrestle control of the denomination from their more moderate members. A former SBC
president, The Rev. Bailey Smith, said, at the 1987 SBC convention, words to the
effect that "God does not hear the prayer of a Jew." He was given a
standing ovation. In 1994, during a talk before 15,000 people at a Religious Roundtable
meeting in Dallas TX, he said: "With all due respect to those dear people, my
friend, God Almighty does not hear the prayer of a Jew." 4 The implication is
that God has abandoned Jews and hears only the prayers of Christians. This
would imply that God would not listen to the prayers of his son, Jesus,
who was an observant Jew.
A SBC goal during the 1990s was to proclaim the Gospel, and thereby to attempt to convert, every
American to conservative Christianity by the year 2000 CE. Some Southern Baptists feel
that ignoring the Jews in this campaign could be considered as a form of anti-semitism. It
could be seen as a rejection of Jews as being somehow unworthy to receive the Gospel - as
if they were not worth saving from the endless horrors of Hell.
There is a growing movement of religious groups who attempt
to combine worship of Y'shua (Jesus) withelements of Judaism. Most Jews
find the proselytizing attempts by these groups to be particularly offensive:
"Messianic Jewish" congregations retain "Jewish
customs, religious traditions and maintain Jewish heritage," while accepting
Jesus as the Messiah. 5 "They have 'synagogues,' which incorporate
traditional Jewish prayer services with some worship of Jesus. They celebrate the [Jewish]
holidays, and consider themselves 'biblical,' rather than 'rabbinic,' Jews...They,
therefore, use Jewish symbols with a twist of Christianity added to them."
Jews for Jesus, was founded by Moische Rosen. One source claims
that this organization receives most of its finances from Baptists. 6 They allow members to
select the exact blend of Judaism and Christianity with which they feel most comfortable.
"Jews for Jesus can attend messianic synagogues or Christian churches. Some
celebrate Jewish holidays and rituals; others do not."
More than 30 Messianic Jewish congregations are affiliated with the Southern Baptist
Convention. The Southern Baptist Messianic Fellowship was founded in 1985 to
promote the interest of those congregations. They have been recognized by the
Board. The Fellowship continually pressed the SBC for a resolution at a general meeting on
Jewish evangelism. They succeeded in 1996.
Much of the momentum of the resolution came from the SBC' rejection of the
of Baptists' statement on the dual covenant. Messianic
Fellowship President Michael Smith of Ohio called this idea "a sin against God
and man." It would contradict traditional conservative Christian belief
that trust in Jesus Christ is the only means of salvation.
Meeting in New Orleans, LA, in 1996-JUN, the Southern Baptist Convention (SBC)
passed its 10th resolution on Jewish evangelism. They advocate a major program
within the denomination to convert the Jews. The SBC's Home Mission Board
appointed a missionary team, Jim and Kathy Sibley, to lead this program. Their mandate is
"to develop evangelistic ministries among Jews and start churches in
predominantly Jewish communities." 7 The Home Mission Board had an official
filling this post from 1921 to 1989, but the position had become vacant during the 1990's.
The resolution passed by an overwhelming majority. It urged the membership to "direct
our energies and resources toward the proclamation of the Gospel to the Jews." .
It criticized "an organized effort on the part of some either to deny that Jewish
people need to come to their Messiah, Jesus, to be saved or to claim, for whatever reason,
that Christians have neither the right nor obligation to proclaim the gospel to Jewish
Responding to the resultant backlash from Jewish groups against the SBC resolution,
Phil Roberts, director of the SBC Home Mission Board's Interfaith Witness Office,
says that the resolution has been misunderstood. He said: "All we're talking
about here is evangelism, which is sharing of our faith in a loving way with those around
us." 9 He continued: "Let's say you've found a cure for cancer or
discovered the fountain of youth. The right thing to do would be to share it with others."
10 Discussing Jews who have converted to Christianity, he added "They don't deny
their ethnicity. They don't deny the true Old Testament faith. Instead, we believe it's
clearly a fulfillment." 9
Richard Land, president of the SBC Christian Life Commission commented: "It's
probably not the politically correct thing to do, but there are a lot of things about
Christianity that are not politically correct." 8
R. Albert Mohler, Jr., president of The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary
in Louisville, KY said: "We are firmly convinced that there is salvation in no
other name, but we are also confident that all who call upon the name of the Lord shall be
saved. Thus, when most faithful, Southern Baptists are to be found sharing the Good News
of salvation through Jesus Christ, we have no right to exclude Jewish persons from the
promise of the Gospel." 11
B'nai B'rith is the largest Jewish organization in the world. Its international
president, Tommy P. Baer, sent a letter on 1996-JUN-14 to Morris Chapman, president of the
Southern Baptist Convention. It was critical of the SBC's resolution. He wrote: "We
believe this is a thoroughly retrograde step in relations between Southern Baptists and
Jews in the United States...A program of conversion is demeaning to our religion and to
our co-religionists -- including those who out of their own free will and conviction --
have converted to Judaism...The decisions of the Southern Baptist Convention are certain
to introduce new tensions in the interactions between Jews and all Christians in this
country, and to once again sow the seeds of distrust. Pluralism is a basic tenet of our
American way of life. It means respecting each other's traditions and religious paths...We
cannot believe that creating such tensions between Jews and Christians can possibly
advance humankind toward the ultimate Messianic Age that both Christians and Jews look
forward to with hope and faith." 12,17
Baer recommended that "the Southern Baptists to reconsider these steps." Later in 1996, Tommy Baer, criticized some of Chapman's comments which he
felt suggest "that without accepting Jesus as 'savior' Jews remain flawed,
incomplete, and inadequate." B'nai B'rith, organized a postcard protest against the SBC resolution.
By 1996-NOV, about 6,000 postcards had been mailed to SBC headquarters in Nashville, TN.
Conrad Giles, president-elect of the Council of Jewish Federations
said: "We as a people have been subjected to all sorts of oppression...This is
another more subtle form of oppression...We must take it seriously...It is very disturbing
to be targeted by any group for what is basically elimination. While the elimination is
not quite in the same manner as during the Holocaust, the end point is the same."
Rabbi A. James Rudin, Director of Inter-religious Affairs of the
Jewish Committee called the resolution a "great setback" for
inter-religious dialogue. "Many, many Protestants, including some
Southern Baptists, have rejected this kind of aggressive targeting of Jews as unworthy of
Christianity...This [resolution] represents a 180-degree turn from where they were in the
'70s and '80s." He said that he would ask a simple question of anyone bent on
converting Jews: "Does your spiritual happiness depend on my spiritual
Rabbi Eric H. Yoffie, President
The Union of American Hebrew Congregations
(UHAC) responded: "We are offended that the Southern Baptist Convention is
dedicating its resources to an ambitious campaign to proselytize Jews. This divisive
campaign is offensive in that it singles out the Jewish people at a time when the need is
great for interfaith understanding and dialogue among all religions...Respect for each
other's religious beliefs and the celebration of America's pluralism are fundamental
American values...And we are saddened that the Southern Baptists appear to have removed
themselves from the dialogue by this campaign." (UHAC represents
synagogues in the US)
Rabbi Ilan D. Feldman, Rabbi of the OrthodoxBeth Jacob congregation of
Atlanta welcomed the SBC resolution: "The decision should be greeted by Jews as
honest and energizing. 'Honest' because it is based on elementary Christian dogma that
salvation can be achieved through Jesus alone. 'Energizing' because it should serve as a
wake-up call to the Jewish community, a dose of reality which causes us to 'rally the
troops' in the mutual battle for Jewish souls." 14
Rabbi Bruce Cole, director of the Institute for Jewish, Christian and Islamic
Studies and Relations, referred to the previous time, in 1973, when a major
effort was mounted to evangelize Jews. That effort generated a great deal of ill will. He
predicted that the current one will as well. "I think they are going to create
tremendous tension between Jews and Southern Baptists, and I'm projecting it's going to
cause tensions between the Southern Baptists and other Christians who don't believe in
going out and proselytizing Jews in this way."
Yaakov Ariel, professor of religion at the University of North Carolina at Chapel
Hill commented "It demonstrates the unwillingness of Christians to look upon
Judaism as a legitimate religion that can offer spiritual guidance and moral values."
Bishops from the Episcopal, Lutheran and Roman Catholic denominations
issued a joint statement in which they stated that proselytizing Jews is "not
Eugene Fisher, a spokesperson for Catholic-Jewish relations by the U.S. Catholic
Bishops Conference said: "The Catholic Church does not have a special
mission to the Jews because it might instill fear of coercion or persecution...The history
is there...We respect freedom of faith."
Perhaps the most famous religious leader in the U.S., Billy Graham, distanced himself
from the resolution and said that he won't take part in any such effort.
The Southern Baptist Convention
(SBC) issued a pamphlet in the Fall of 1999 which urged its members to pray for the salvation of
Jews during the Jewish high holy days. 1999-SEP-11 was the start of Rosh Hashannah, the Jewish New Year. SEP-20 was Yom Kippur, the
Day of Atonement.
The pamphlet urged its members to "repent of any attitudes of
spiritual pride or arrogance with respect to the Jewish people." It
was based on the SBC's belief in supercession: the concept that God has terminated his many
covenants with the Jewish people and transferred them to Christians. Thus,
the SBC views God as having abandoned Jews, leaving them in great need of
salvation. This position has offended many Jews.
Abraham Foxman, Executive
Director of the Anti-Defamation League responded: "We are
shocked and deeply offended by the call for members of the Southern Baptist
Convention to pray that Jews will convert to Christianity during the High
Holy Days." Elsewhere Foxman stated that the prayer plan "projects
a message of spiritual narrowness that invites theological hatred." 15
The Rev. H. Paige Patterson, head of the Southern Baptist Convention,
defended the pamphlet on the basis of "absolute religious liberty"
He wrote: "We are standing in an open marketplace of religious ideas
where it is perfectly permissible for all people to share their most
cherished ideas as long as they do not coerce anyone else to a position."
Foxman responded, describing the SBC effort at conversion to be "theological
arrogance." He wrote: "We were offended by your attempt to
taint our High Holidays with prayer urging our community to convert. Any
prayer that invites us to abandon our faith is an attack on our integrity
and commitment." Foxman indicated regret that Patterson has "expressed
no remorse for the prayer appeal and contemptuously invited us to return the
gesture and pray for them. Well, we say 'no thanks.' We will not engage in
this kind of base spiritual narrowness.'' 16
Some Messianic Jews welcomed the pamphlet. They
are mainly Jews who accept Jesus as their Messiah and have adopted
other conservative Evangelical Christian theological beliefs. 15
Priesthood, a Christian Identity hate group
was allegedly outraged at this move by the SBC. Some investigator theorize
that one of their adherents, an individual suffering from paranoid
schizophrenia, attacked a Baptist church in Fort
Worth in retaliation. Seven were killed; another seven injured.