Parallels suggested between Jesus & Horus
Alleged comparisons between
Jesus' and Horus' life events.
What do similarities between Jesus and Horus mean?
There are an amazing number of identical or very similar life events,
characteristics, and teachings shared by Horus and Yeshua of Nazareth (Jesus
Christ). Horus was considered a god in ancient Egypt. Jesus is/was considered:
|A Jewish prophet by Jewish Christians in the first century CE, |
|As a man-god by later Christians, and|
|As history's second greatest prophet by Muslims.|
If these points of similarity were between Horus and any other historical
Jewish individual -- for example Pilate, the Procurator of Judea -- then there
would be universal agreement that someone in ancient times had simply copied
elements of Horus' story and falsely attributed them to Pilate. That is, both
life stories would be myths -- events that never happened but which have great
But Pilate was not involved. The first century CE individual was Yeshua of Nazareth! His story is found
documented in in the Christian Scriptures -- the New Testament of the Bible.
How these points of coincidence are interpreted depends upon one's view of
||If it is viewed as an inerrant book, free of error,
whose authors were inspired by God, then one would
suspect that a massive fraud must have taken place. The events really formed part of
Jesus' life because the Bible is free of error. Somehow the events were also
attributed to Horus in Egypt for many centuries before Jesus' birth through fraudulent means.|
|If the Bible is viewed as a historical document, like other cultures' holy
books, then it is obvious that events in Jesus' life were copied from stories
that had been associated with Horus for many centuries before Jesus' birth.
The events are fictional. Probably none actually happened in reality. |
After removing these myths from the Gospel, there would be not much left of the stories other than an an account
|An exceptional Jewish itinerate preacher and native healer who had an
|Who, at the age of about 35 gathered a small group of followers and
toured the Galilee,|
|Spread a type of reform Judaism that matched the teachings of Hillel
from the first century BCE, |
|Was convicted of aggravated assault in the Jerusalem temple, and |
|Was routinely executed for treason by the occupying Roman army, along
with thousands of others in the first century CE.|
In short, Jesus' story would be very similar to that promoted by the
Jesus Seminar today.
Life events allegedly shared by Horus and Yeshua (a.k.a. Jesus)
There is a near consensus that Yeshua was born circa 4 to 7 BCE.
By that time, stories from the life of Horus had been circulating for a few centuries. If any copying occurred by the writers of the Egyptian or
Christian religions, it was the myths and legends of Horus that were incorporated into
Jesus' biography, not vice-versa.
Tom Harpur, an author, journalist, Anglican priest, and theologian, studied the works of three authors
specialized in ancient Egyptian religion: Godfrey Higgins (1771-1834), Gerald
Massey (1828-1907) and Alvin Boyd Kuhn (1880-1963). Harpur incorporated some of
their findings into his book "Pagan Christ."
1 He argued that all of the
essential ideas of both Judaism and Christianity came primarily from Egyptian
Harpur writes, in his book:
"[Author Gerald] Massey discovered nearly
two hundred instances of immediate correspondence between the mythical Egyptian
material and the allegedly historical Christian writings about Jesus.
Horus indeed was the archetypal Pagan Christ." 2
One problem with comparing events in the life of
Horus and Yeshua relates to time. Horus was a leading figure in Egyptian
mythology for millennia. Folklore about him naturally proliferated during this
interval. So, for example, there is more than one story about the method by
which he died. Thus, if the writers of the Christian Scriptures (New Testament)
did copy events from Horus' life, they would have had multiple options from
which to choose. Further, one cannot directly compare crucifixion in 1st century
CE Judah, with a simlar procedure in ancient Egypt. Roman crucifixion followed
a specific procedure by which the victim was made to carry the crosspiece
through the city, clothing was stripped from him, his limbs were tied -- or
in rare instances, nailed -- to the cross, etc. Nothing precisely like this existed in
ancient Egypt. So, one cannot strictly call Horus' execution a crucifixion, even
if he was tied to a tree and died of exposure.
What it the significance of the many parallels between Horus and Jesus?
To many religious liberals and skeptics, it appears obvious that the early beliefs that grew up around Jesus' life were copied from the myths surrounding Horus' life which had been circulating for centuries before Jesus' birth.
To many religious conservatives, it would appear that -- centuries before Jesus' birth -- Satan created myths about Horus' life in anticipation of Jesus, in order to cause confusion, doubt, and disbelief.
Comparison of some life events of Horus and Jesus:
||Yeshua of Nazareth, a.k.a. Jesus
||By a virgin. There is some doubt about this
||By a virgin. 3
||Only begotten son of the God Osiris.
||Only begotten son of Yehovah (in the form of the Holy Spirit).
||Miriam (now often referred to as Mary).
||Seb, (a.k.a. Jo-Seph). 4
|Foster father's ancestry:
||Of royal descent.
||Of royal descent.
||In a cave.
||In a cave or stable.
||By an angel to Isis, his mother.
||By an angel to Miriam, his mother. 3
|Birth heralded by:
||The star Sirius, the morning star.
||An unidentified "star in the East."
||Ancient Egyptians paraded a manger and child
representing Horus through the streets at the time of the
winter solstice (about DEC-21). In reality, he
had no birth date; he was not a human.
||Born during the fall. However, his birth date is now celebrated on DEC-25. The date was chosen to occur on the same date
as the birth of Mithra, Dionysus and the Sol Invictus (unconquerable Sun), etc.
||By angels. 3
|Later witnesses to birth:
||Three solar deities.
||An unknown number of wise men. 3
They are said to have brought three gifts; thus the legend grew that there were three men.
|Death threat during infancy:
||Herut tried to have Horus murdered. He was not successful.
||Herod tried to have Jesus murdered. He was not successful.
|Handling the threat:
||The God That tells Horus' mother "Come, thou goddess
Isis, hide thyself with thy child."
||An angel tells Jesus' father to: "Arise and take the young child
and his mother and flee into Egypt."
|Rite of passage ritual:
||Horus came of age with a special ritual, when his eye was
||Taken by parents to the temple for what is today called a bar
|Age at the ritual:
|Break in life history:
||No data between ages of 12 & 30.
||No data between ages of 12 & 30.
||In the river Eridanus.
||In the river Jordan.
|Age at baptism:
||Anup the Baptiser.
||John the Baptist, a.k.a. John the Baptist.
|Subsequent fate of the baptiser:
The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above
essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.
- Tom Harpur, "The Pagan Christ; Recovering the Lost Light," Thomas Allen, (2004), Page 5.
Read reviews or order this book.
A Canadian Broadcasting Corp. documentary based on this book won the Platinium
Award at the WorldFest Remi Awards in 2008.
- Ibid, Page 85.
- Ibid, Page 80. Items as seen in the Temple of Luxor,
built by Amenhotep III, a pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty, before 1700
Copyright © 2004 to 2013 by Ontario Consultants on
Originally written: 2004-APR-25
Latest update: 2013-JUL-13
Author: B.A. Robinson