Parallels suggested between the lives of Jesus & Horus
What do the similarities mean; what is their
significance? Symbols associated with each.
Statue of Horus
What do similarities between Jesus and Horus mean?
There are an amazing number of identical or very similar life events,
characteristics, and teachings shared by Horus and Yeshua of Nazareth (Jesus
Christ). Horus was considered a god in ancient Egypt, a manifestation or aspect of their supreme God Ra.
Jesus (for whom no image or description of his appearance exists) is/was considered:
||A Jewish prophet by Jewish Christians in the first century CE,
||As a man-god by later Christians, and
As a fully human prophet by Muslims, who consider him the second greatest prophet after Muhammad,.
If these points of similarity were between Horus and any other historical
Jewish individual -- for example Pilate, the Procurator of Judea -- then there
would be universal agreement that someone in ancient times had simply copied
elements of Horus' story and falsely attributed them to Pilate. That is, both
life stories would be myths -- events that never happened but which have great
But Pilate was not involved. The first century CE individual was Yeshua of Nazareth! His story is found
documented in in the Christian Scriptures -- the New Testament of the Bible.
How these points of coincidence are interpreted depends upon one's view of
If it is viewed as an inerrant book, free of error,
whose authors were inspired by God, then one would
suspect that a massive fraud must have taken place. The events really formed part of
Jesus' life because the Bible is free of error. Somehow the events were also
attributed to Horus in Egypt for many centuries before Jesus' birth through fraudulent means. Some theologians in the early Christian Church believed that Satan planted stories in ancient Egypt that would parallel events in the life of Jesus many millennia later. Satan's intent was to weaken the faith of Christians.|
|If the Bible is viewed as a historical document, like other cultures' holy
books, then it is obvious that events in Jesus' life were copied from stories
that had been associated with Horus since about three millennia before Jesus' birth.
The events are fictional. Probably none actually happened in reality. |
After removing these myths from the Gospel, there would be not much left of the stories other than an an account
||An exceptional Jewish itinerate preacher and native healer who had an
||Who, at the age of about 35 gathered a small group of followers and
toured the Galilee,
Spread a type of reform Judaism that closely matched the teachings of the Jewish philosopher Hillel
from the first century BCE,
||Performed many miraculous deeds, healing many and restoring some to life.
||Incorrectly predicted that he would return in the future of many of his followers
||Was convicted by the Romans of aggravated assault in the Jerusalem temple, and
||Was executed for treason by the occupying Roman army, along
with thousands of other Jews in the first century CE.
In short, Jesus' story would be very similar to that promoted by the
Jesus Seminar today.
Webmaster's thoughts on the Jefferson's Bible, revisited:
Many of the founding fathers of the U.S. were Deists. They believed that God existed, created the universe and its natural laws, kick started it, left, and hasn't been seen since. Thomas Jefferson is one of the best known of these Deists. He had great respect for Jesus and his teachings, but much less for his followers. Jefferson felt that the authors of the Christian Scriptures/New Testament embellished stories of Jesus by adding material about many events that never happened. He felt that the authors had corrupted Jesus' message. With a sharp knife and a regular Bible, he created his own version of the New Testament. It consists of 84 pages. It contains Jesus' moral teachings but is devoid supernatural material.
It might make an interesting project for someone to partly replicate the Jefferson's Bible process. One could take a copy of the Gospels in the King James Version -- or any other English translation that is in the public domain -- and delete any references to life events that replicated Horus' experiences, from the virgin birth to the resurrection. With:
- The current decline in Christian affiliation throughout in the developed world,
- The rapid growth in NOTAs (persons NOT Affiliated with any faith group, and
The findings of the Baylor University study which found that about 24% of U.S. adults hold beliefs similar to Deism,
such an edited version of the New Testament could be a best seller. With the anger and opposition such a "Bible" would generate, the book would probably not need an advertising budget.
Life events allegedly shared by Horus and Yeshua (a.k.a. Jesus)
There is a near consensus that Yeshua was born circa 4 to 7 BCE.
By that time, stories from the life of Horus had been circulating for over three millenia. If any copying occurred by the writers of the Egyptian or
Christian religions, it would seem to be the myths and legends of Horus that were incorporated into
Jesus' biography, not vice-versa.
Tom Harpur, an author, journalist, Anglican priest, and theologian, studied the works of three authors
specialized in ancient Egyptian religion: Godfrey Higgins (1771-1834), Gerald
Massey (1828-1907) and Alvin Boyd Kuhn (1880-1963). Harpur incorporated some of
their findings into his book "Pagan Christ." 1 He argued that all of the
essential ideas of both Judaism and Christianity came primarily from Egyptian
religion, including monotheism.
Harpur writes, in his book:
"[Author Gerald] Massey discovered nearly
two hundred instances of immediate correspondence between the mythical Egyptian
material and the allegedly historical Christian writings about Jesus.
Horus indeed was the archetypal Pagan Christ." 2
One problem with comparing events in the life of
Horus and Yeshua relates to time. Horus was a leading figure in Egyptian
mythology for millennia. Folklore about him naturally proliferated during this
interval. So, for example, there is more than one story about the method by
which he died. Thus, if the writers of the Christian Scriptures (New Testament)
did copy events from Horus' life, they would have had multiple options from
which to choose. Further, one cannot directly compare crucifixion in 1st century
CE Judah, with a simlar procedure in ancient Egypt. Roman crucifixion followed
a specific procedure by which the victim was made to carry the crosspiece
through the city, clothing was stripped from him, his limbs were tied -- or
in rare instances, nailed -- to the cross, etc. Nothing precisely like this existed in
ancient Egypt. So, one cannot strictly call Horus' execution a crucifixion, although he was said to have been tied to a tree and died of exposure.
A point-by-point chart showing a comparison between specific events in Horus' and Jesus' lives is listed in another essay.
What it the significance of the many parallels between Horus and Jesus?
To many religious liberals and skeptics, it appears obvious that the early beliefs that grew up around Jesus' life were copied from the myths surrounding Horus' life which had been circulating for millennia before Jesus' birth.
Some religious conservatives might suspect that stories of Horus' life were copied from the Gospels, perhaps in the First Century CE and preserved in a way that made them look much older. Alternately, the similarities of events in Jesus' and Horus' lives could be a coincidence. Perhaps the correspondences were created by Satan to confuse Christians and lead them astray.
Symbols associated with Horus and Jesus:
The eye of Horus Christian cross symbol
The Christian cross symbol is usually seen with a very tall vertical member. In reality, the Romans used a short stake because it was cheaper to fabricate, easier to handle, and gave better access to the victim by predator animals.
The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above
essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.
Tom Harpur, "The Pagan Christ; Recovering the Lost Light," Thomas Allen, (2004), Page 5.
Read reviews or order this book.
A Canadian Broadcasting Corp. documentary based on this book won the Platinium
Award at the WorldFest Remi Awards in 2008.
- Ibid, Page 85.
Ibid, Page 80. Items as seen in the Temple of Luxor,
built by Amenhotep III, a pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty, before 1700
Copyright © 2004 to 2017 by Ontario Consultants on
Originally written: 2004-APR-25
Latest update: 2017-FEB-28
Author: B.A. Robinson