Modern-day Christianity and Judaism both share the same foundation - the
religion of ancient Judaism as
described in the Hebrew Scriptures.
By the time of Jesus execution, there were about two dozen Jewish religious
movements in ancient Israel. After the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem in 70 CE,
-- a culture-destroying event -- two main movements survived:
Rabbinic Judaism, centered in local synagogues.
Three main forms of Christianity: Jewish Christianity, Pauline
Christianity and Gnostic Christianity. These groups met informally in local house churches.
All but Jewish Christianity have endured to the present time.
Both modern-day Judaism and Christianity use the Hebrew Scriptures, although they interpret them in many different ways.
The following topics
describe the Hebrew Scriptures, (a.k.a.
Old Testament) including the Apocrypha: