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The Shroud of Turin: All sides of the issue:

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Conflilcting quotations:

bullet "The Shroud of Turin is a genuine artifact of a first century Roman crucifixion of an adult Jewish male...The Shroud of Turin is not the artifice of a forger." Jack Kilmon 1
bullet "It's senseless that this travesty is still being played out to the public, since it was in fact settled 600 years ago, but I guess if enough lies are propagated long enough, the truth will ultimately become the disenchanted myth." Bruce Monson expressing skepticism that the Shroud of Turin dates to the 1st century CE. 2

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Photograph of the Shroud of Turin by Giuseppe Enrie (1931)

Shroud of Turin3

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What is the shroud?

The Shroud of Turin is a piece of linen cloth 1.1 meters wide and 4.36 meters long (approximately 43 inches by 14.3 feet). The linen was "spun with a Z twist, and woven in a three to one (herringbone) twill." 4 It bears the negative image of the front and back of a naked man with beard, long hair and a mustache, bearing wounds on his body, most of which are consistent with having been flogged and later crucified. Many devout Christians believe that this shroud was the actual fabric used to wrap Jesus after his crucifixion circa 30 CE.

Most investigators assume that there are only two possible explanations about the nature of the Shroud:

bullet That it is the actual burial shroud of Jesus, having survived from the 1st century CE, or

bullet That it is a forgery, intended to deceive the faithful.

Only rarely are two additional possibilities suggested:

bullet That it is a religious artwork;  a type of painting, devoutly created to portray what the shroud might have looked like.

bullet That it is the burial shroud of a crucified man other than Jesus, which has survived from the 1st century CE.

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The Shroud has an app:

The Shroud 2.0 app by Haltadefinizione can be downloaded from iTunes. It is compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod devices. It comes in two versions: one is free; the other has a nominal cost and supplies additional in-depth material. See: https://itunes.apple.com/

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Topics covered in this section:

bullet Introduction to the shroud:
bullet What do people believe the shroud to be?
bullet History of the shroud.
bullet What is on the linen?.

bullet Analysis of the shroud:
bullet 1. First impressions of the shroud

bullet 2. A more detailed analysis of the linen

bullet How the shroud might have been created in medieval times
 
bullet Dating methods:
bullet Carbon-14 dating according to most scientists

bullet Carbon-14 dating according to many conservative Christians

bullet 2004: Dating by measuring the Vanillin content of the shroud: Part 1  Part 2

bullet Dating by "mechanical and thermal measurement." Status of the Shroud according to the Vatican." (Being written)

bullet The shroud and the Bible text:
 
bulletAdditional information: Conclustions and books about the Shroud of Turin:
bullet Part 1.

bullet Part 2.

bulletWeb sites that discuss the shroud
 
bulletDevelopments from 1988 to the present time

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References:

  1. Joe Nickell, "Blooming 'Shroud' Claims," Skeptical Inquirer magazine, 1999-NOV/DEC issue, Page 22-23.
  2. Bruce Monson, "Oh what a tangled web we weave," Review of Ian Wilson, "The Blood and the Shroud: New Evidence that the World's Most Sacred Relic is Real." Review is online at: Amazon.com
  3. Giuseppe Enrie, Shroud of Turin [Public domain], 1931 at: via Wikimedia Commons
  4. "The Holy Shroud," at: http://www.di.unito.it/ (No longer available online)
  5. Barry Karr, "Review of Evidence Confirms Shroud of Turin Is a Forgery," Religious News Service, at: http://www.religionnews.com/

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Copyright 1999 to 2016 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Originally written: 1999-NOV-18
Latest update: 2016-DEC-14
Author: B.A. Robinson

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