Consecrating female bishops in the Church of England
2014-JUL: A two decade struggle nears an end:
Synod finally approves female bishops.
Conflicting quotations from the King James Bible. (Please take your pick):
3:28: "There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus."
- 1 Corinthians 14:34: "Let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to speak; but they are commanded to be under obedience, as also saith the law."
(Emphasis by us)
This type of ambiguity is often found in the Bible. Religious conservatives tend to interpret passages literally and emphasize specific prohibitions. Religious liberals tend to search out and emphasize broad principles or themes found in the Bible, and often interpret them as influenced by a particular culture millennia ago.
2014-JUL-14: The General Synod approves female bishops:
The Church of England took its first step in 1992 to eradicate sexism in the denomination by allowing women to be ordained as priests. The first group of women totaled 32 in number, and were ordained on 1994-MAR-12. A little over two decades later, the Church of England's Synod has now voted to allow female priests to be consecrated as bishops, pending approval by the government and monarchy. 1
This development required had a stringent voting requirement: A 2/3 majority of each of three "houses" -- the House of Bishops, House of Clergy and House of Laity -- separately had to vote in favor. The last time that this change was voted upon was in 2012-NOV, At that time, the House of Laity very narrowly vetoed the proposal. Although a majority favored the move, a 2/3rd majority was not met. It is widely believed that religious conservatives were over-represented in the House of Laity at the time.
The vote this time was:
- House of Bishops: Yes 37 No 2 Abstentions 1. 93 % in favor.
- House of Clergy: Yes 162 No 25 Abstentions 4. 85% in favor.
- House of Laity: Yes 152 No 45 Abstentions 5 . 75% in favor. 2
Comment by the The Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby:
"Today is the completion of what was begun over 20 years with the ordination of women as priests. I am delighted with today's result. Today marks the start of a great adventure of seeking mutual flourishing while still, in some cases disagreeing.
The challenge for us will be for the church to model good disagreement and to continue to demonstrate love for those who disagree on theological grounds. Very few institutions achieve this, but if we manage this we will be living our more fully the call of Jesus Christ to love one another. As delighted as I am for the outcome of this vote I am also mindful of those within the Church for whom the result will be difficult and a cause of sorrow.
My aim -- and I believe the aim of the whole church -- should be to be able to offer a place of welcome and growth for all. Today is a time of blessing and gift from God and thus of generosity. It is not winner take all, but in love a time for the family to move on together." 2
Excerpt from the comments of the The Archbishop of York, Dr. John Sentamu:
"This is a momentous day. Generations of women have served the Lord faithfully in the Church of England for centuries. It is a moment of joy today: the office of Bishop is open to them.
To those who ask 'what took you so long?' my answer is that every decision has a cost and there will be those within our body who will be hurting as a result of this decision. Our answer to the hurting should not be 'get over it' but rather 'we will not let go until you have blessed us'." 2
Responses to the change:
- Louise Stewart, writing for Newsweek, said
"The church has been deeply divided over the issue for decades. The previous two times similar legislation has been brought to the table, nasty debates ensued. On Monday, however, a tone of tolerance governed the back-and-forth that took place in the synod chamber immediately prior to the vote. More than 60 leaders were given the opportunity to voice their varying opinions, and several ended their speeches with statements of respect for those who disagree." 3
- Paula Gooder, a theologian and delegate to the Synod remarked:
"The tone in the synod chamber last time was really difficult and very angry and hard to experience, whereas this time was much more welcoming and accepting."
- Sarah Finch, a conservative member of the House of Laity, said during the debate:
"The pattern for church life that we find in Scripture points to a God-given male leadership."
- Member Jane Bisson of Canterbury, a member of the House of Laity from Jersey, referred during the debate to Mary Magdalene’s role as a disciple rather than an apostle. She feels that this shows that a woman’s place in the church is second to man’s.
Ms. Bisson is correct, as far as the four Gospels that made it into the official New Testament canon records state. However, there were on the order of 40 other Gospels that were widely used within the early Christian Church. Some referred to Mary as the "Apostle to the Apostles" -- that is, as a type of senior apostle. 4
She would appear to be correct. In the past, the abolition of human slavery required that the Bible's teaching on the topic be abandoned. So too when the Bible requirement that non-virgin brides be stoned to death was ignored. Similarly, various restrictive passages in the Bible were ignored when women were given the vote, when same-sex marriage was legalized in parts of the UK and elsewhere, and now when female clergy are expected to be consecrated to the episcopate in the Church of England at some future time.
2014-JUL-14: Another negative reaction to the Synod vote:
Lorna Ashworth, a lay member of the Synod who voted against the change, predicted that it was:
"not going to be a smooth road ahead".
She said she had no plans to "run away" from the Church. But she anticipated a number of "difficulties." One might be from new priests opposed to the changes. 5
The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above
essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.
- "List of the first 32 women ordained as Church of England priests," Wikipedia, as on 2014-MAY-18, at: http://en.wikipedia.org/
- "Church of England to have women bishops,"The Church of England media centre, 2014-JUL-14, at: https://www.churchofengland.org/
- Louise Stewart, "Church of England Votes to Allow Women Bishops," Newsweek, 2014-JUL-15, at: http://www.newsweek.com/
- Rachel Held Evans, "Women of the Passion, Part 4: Mary Magdalene, Apostle to the Apostles," at http://rachelheldevans.com/
- "Church of England General Synod backs women bishops," BBC News, 2014-JUL-14, at: http://www.bbc.com/
Copyright © 2014 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Original posting: 2014-JUL-19
Latest update: 2015-JAN-31.
Author: Bruce A. Robinson