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Early 2017: Climate change concerns continue:

Part 16: Donald Trump Becomes
President. EPA Foe Installed as
Head of EPA! Hundreds Die During
Flood in Colombia. Carbon Dioxide
in Atmosphere Reaches New High.

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This topic is continued from the previous essay

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global warming sign 1

This image illustrates one of the byproducts of global warming.
Glaciers and the ice cover in Antarctica are melting, thus causing
the sea level to rise and drowning land at shorelines world-wide.
If and when this process goes to completion, the sea level will be
hundreds of feet higher that it is today, and Florida will be mainly
under water. Only part of the panhandle region
wll have dry land.

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2017-JAN-20: Donald Trump was sworn in as the 45th president of the United States:

Chief Justice John Roberts of the U.S. Supreme Court issued the oath of office to Donald Trump on the West Front of the United States Capitol Building in Washington DC. Trump was sworn in on two Bibles: his own childhood Bible and one that had once been owned by Abraham Lincoln. A total of 67 Democratic members of the House of Representatives stated that they would not attend the inauguration because of:

"... what they described as his alarming and divisive policies, foreign interference in his election and his criticism of civil rights icon [Rep.] John Lewis [D-GA], a congressman from Georgia." 2

Perhaps minutes after Trump became president, -- the exact timing is unknown -- two major changes were made to the White House web site at

  • All references to the LGBT community vanished from the site. An internal search for "LGBT" returned an error message:

    "Sorry, no results found for 'LGBT'. Try entering fewer or broader query terms. "

  • The section of the web site that dealt with climate change disappeared. An internal search for "climate change" returned an error message:

    "Sorry, no results found for 'Climate change'. Try entering fewer or broader query terms."

Fortunately, the earlier contents of the web site are still available because they had been copied to

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President Trump picks a new head for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Trump selected Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt (R) for the post.

On JAN-18, just before the President's inauguration, Pruitt stated during his confirmation hearing that he accepts that climate change is real. However he does not necessarily agree that it is caused by human actions.

Pruitt is an unusual pick as head of the EPA because he had sued the agency 14 times in the past in his capacity as the Oklahoma Attorney General. During his confirmation hearing, Senator Ed Markey, (D-MA) asked him to explain his beliefs about climate change. Pruitt said:

"I do not believe that climate change is a hoax."

However, when asked by Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT) whether he believed that climate change was caused by human factors, he was non-committal. He said:

"Science tells us the climate is changing and human activity in some matter impacts that change. The ability to measure and pursue the degree and the extent of that impact and what to do about it are subject to continuing debate and dialogue." 3

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2017-APR-01: Hundreds of residents in Mocoa, Colombia die from floods and landslide:

Colombian President, Juan Manuel Santos, announced that at least 193 people had been killed following intense rains during the early morning hours in southern Colombia. (The state of Colombia is located in the north-west corner of South America). The Red Cross reported that 400 people were injured and 220 are believed missing. The death toll is expected to rise as bodies are pulled out of the mud.

The city of Mocoa has about 350,000 residents. Three rivers flooded, carrying mud and water through the city, demolishing many structures. It happened after midnight, when most people were at home sleeping.

President Santos blamed climate change for the disaster. He noted that the rainy season was just beginning, and that the accumulated rainfall in Mocoa, Colombia during that one night was almost half the amount that the city normally receives during the entire month of March. 4

A brief video shot by a drone shows the destruction in Mocoa, Colombia:


Alba Tobella, writing for Mercury News, reported that:

"President Juan Manuel Santos and other officials pledged emergency relief and said that Mocoa would be rebuilt, including a new water system to replace the one damaged in the flood and new homes for those in the 17 neighborhoods hit hardest by the surging water. He said he had spoken by phone with U.S. President Donald Trump, who promised assistance, as have other nations including China and Venezuela.

Santos also declared an 'economic, social and ecological emergency,' a designation intended to speed reconstruction efforts.

'We are not going to stop until everyone affected by this natural disaster receives help,' Marquez said."

By APR-04, at least 273 bodies have been found; more bodies continue to be discovered. 6

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2017-APR-18: Carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere reaches 410 ppm:

The Mauna Loa Observatory on the "Big Island" in Hawaii continually monitors the level of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) gas in the atmosphere. This is the main atmospheric greenhouse gas in the atmosphere that traps the sun's heat and raises the surface temperature of the Earth. The CO2 concentraton reached 400 ppm (parts per million) in 2013. On APR-18, it reached 410 ppm, and appears to be still rising.

Dr. Pieter Tans, lead scientist of NOAA's Global Greenhouse Gas Reference Network, said:

"Atmospheric CO2 is now higher than it has been for several million years, as measured in ice cores and ocean sediments."

"The current rate of increase is about 200 times faster than when CO2 increased by about 80 ppm from natural causes when the Earth climbed out of the last Ice Age."

That happened between 17,000 and 11,000 years ago."

Dr. Tans was not surprised. Emissions from burning oil, coal, natural gas and cement manufacturing produce 10 billion metric tons of carbon (or 37 billion metric tons of CO2) per year.  7

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2017-JUN: Phoenix Arizona: Many airplane flights cancelled; it is too hot to fly:

Paul D. Williams is a professor in the Department of Meteorology at the University of Reading in the UK. He studies climate change and its effects on aviation. He said:

"We tend to ignore the atmosphere and just think that the plane is flying through empty space, but of course, it’s not. Airplanes do not fly through a vacuum. The atmosphere is being modified by climate change."

Ross Feinstein, an American Airlines spokesperson, referring to smaller airplanes. said:

"When you get in excess of 118 [º F]or higher, you’re not able to take off or land."

In Phoenix, AZ, American Airlines was forced to cancel more than 40 flights during the first half of 2017-JUN, because some smaller jets could not safely take off at temperatures about 120º F (49º C). The problem is that air thins out when it heats up. The wings produce less lift. This reduces the forces lifting the planes off of the runway.

Among larger planes, the Boeing 737 has a maximum takeoff and landing temperature of 126º F; the Airbus A320 can handle 127º F.

Other airports than Poenix are at different elevations. Airplanes' maximum takeoff and landing temeratures are vary among different cities.

Some airports are extending their runways to compensate for the higher temperatures. This is not always possible for airports close to urban centers.

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2017: What can an individual do to reduce climate change/global warming?

Seth Wynes and Kimberly Nicholas of the University of British Columbia in Canada published a chart of "... things you can do to mitigate climate change." It was picked up by CBC News in Canada and also republished on the Quora web site. 9

They listed 11 activities that one person can do to reduce Carbon Dioxide emissions into the atmosphere each year, measured in tons per year:

  • 00.10 tons: Upgrade incadescent light bulbs.
  • 00.21 tons: Hang up clothes to dry.
  • 00.21 tons: Recycle.
  • 00.25 tons: Wash clothes in cold water
  • 00.80 tons: Eat a plant-based diet.
  • 01.15 tons: Replace a gasoline powered automobile with a hybrid.
  • 01.19 tons: Reduce driving.
  • 01.50 tons: Buy green energy.
  • 01.60 tons: Avoid air travel.
  • 02.40 tons: Live without a car.
  • 58.60: Have one fewer child!

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This topic continues in the next essay.

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Some more environment/climate change articles that may be of interest to you:

  • Part 1: 2013: Quotes. Background. Bay of Bengal incident. Decline in Canada's arctic ice cover.

  • Part 2: 2013/2014: Canada loses its seasons. 316 North American cities to be under water.

  • Part 3: 2013/2014: Christians, Republicans' & Democrats' beliefs differ. Volcanoes cause pauses in global warming. Americans' views on climate change.

  • Part 4: 2014/2015: How Americans viewed climate change. HFC limits. Groups abandoning ALEC. Paris Conference reaches agreement.

  • Part 5: 2016-FEB to AUG: Climate change concerns: Ocean levels rising. Displacement of animal species. Greenland glacier melting. "Third Pole" glaciers melting.

  • Part 6: 2016-SEP: Flooding on the U.S. East coast. U.S. and China ratify the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement. Pres. Obama: trends are "terrifying."

  • Part 7: 2016-SEP: Obama comments on warming (Con't). 31 countries ratify Paris agreement. Trump zigzags on Climate Change.

  • Part 8: 2016-Summer/Fall: Events showing that climate change is adversely affecting life on Earth

  • Part 9: 2016-OCT: Did God send Hurricane Matthew as an anti-LGBT message to humanity? Alternate opinions. Hurricane Matthew re-enters Atlantic Ocean.

  • Part 10: 2016-NOV: U.S. Costal real estate threatened. Rapid temperature rise in the Arctic. Very large poll about climate change.

  • Part 11: 2016-DEC: President-elect Trump's climate change beliefs. New heads of federal government departments. Extinction of 11 species.

  • Part 12: 2016-DEC: President-elect Trump's 16 Promised Plans on Energy and the Environment.

  • Part 13: 2017-JAN: 2016 Was The Hottest Year On Record, Ever.

  • Part 14: star 2017-JAN: Recent Climate Change Measurements!

  • Part 15:2017-JAN to APR: Climate Change Debate is Changing. What if All the Earth's Glaciers Melted?

  • Part 17: Studies of the Effects of Sea-level Rise in California between Now and the Year 2100.

  • Part 18: President Trump Decided that the U.S. Will Quit the Paris Agreement. Explosive Reactions to his Plan, nationally and globally.

  • Part 19: More Reactions to the U.S. Withdraw from the Paris Agreement. Record high temperatures in San Francisco and elsewhere.

  • Part 20:2017-AUG/SEP : Group of 20 summit meeting, Hurricane Harvey attacks Texas. Is climate change increasing the severity or frequency of hurricanes?

  • Part 21: 2017-SEP: 2017-SEP: Can government regulations help? U.S. record high temperatures. Did God send Hurricane Harvey to attack TX?. Hurricane Irma attacks Caribbean, FL, SC, GA. Hurricanes Jose & Maria.

  • Part 22: 2017-SEP/OCT: The most expensive recent hurricanes to attack the United States. Does God use Hurricanes to send a message? Conflicts, climate change cause rise in hunger.

  • Part 23: 2017-OCT to 2017-DEC: All UN states have signed the Paris Agreement. Government report contradicts the President. Comment by the Union of Concerned Scientists.

  • Part 24: 2018-JAN to MAY: New temperature records. President signs bill increasing research."Onion's" amusing fake news. Sea levels rising; cities under water. Climate change beliefs as function of age. Proposed Mount Trumpmore project. Volcano in Hawaii. How global warming is affecting California. Animal, Insect, & Bird Ranges Shrink. Nutrients in rice reduced. California Governor's comments.

  • Part 25: 2018-JUN & JUL: During 2018-JUN: A very few encouraging signs. Hurricanes slowing as winds increase. Changes in Antarctic ice and environment. Norway's growing season increased. A new world highest temperature. Future ocean levels.

  • Part 26: 2018-JUL: New York City reports to the UN. Impacts of humans burning up all our fossil energy. WWW.CLIMATECENTRAL.ORG's tools.
    Death Valley, CA, sets new record. Dissapearing wetlands in Louisiana. Climate change affecting Northern lands. Hurricane Florence.

  • Part 27: 2018-AUG & SEP: Dissapearing wetlands in Louisiana. Climate change affecting Northern countries. Hurricane Florence attacks the Carolinas. Pat Robinson's "Shield of Protection" doesn't work.

  • Part 28: 2018-SEP & OCT: Trump Admin. predicts: 7ºF temperature rise by the year 2099. Impact of climate change on women. Green Building Week & commitment. New IPCC report predicts a "Strong Risk of Crisis as early as 2040.

  • Part 29: 2018-OCT & NOV: Southern Baptist Convention downplays IPCC Report. Climate changing Fall season. Ozone layer continues to heal.
    Trump Confuses Weather & Climate.

  • Part 30: 2018-NOV: Hope for people who have no access to clean water. Trump Administration releases National Climate Assessment report. Reactions to the report.

  • Part 31: 2018-DEC: How to lie about climate change. UN head repeats warning. Major report on Arctic climate. Greenhouse gases soar. Can climate scientists be trusted?

  • Part 32: 2019-JAN: Collecting plastic trash from the Pacific Ocean. U.S. Public opinion on the environment. Status of climate change at the start of 2019.

  • Part 33: 2019-JAN-MAR: If Ocean Cleanup fails.... Public opinion on environment. Climate change in early 2019. Sea rise from Antarctic melting. Denmark fights cow flatulence. Disconnect between the EPA and climate scientists. Change is urgent NOW!

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References used:

The following information source was used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlink is not necessarily still active today.

  1. Image by Geralt. Downloaded from
  2. Inauguration of Donald Trump, Wikipedia, as on 2017-JAN-21, at:
  3. Erin Kelly, "EPA nominee Pruitt contradicts Trump claim that climate change is a hoax," USA Today, 2017-JAN-18, at:
  4. , "At least 193 dead, hundreds injured in Colombia as rivers overflow," The Toronto Star, 2017-APR-01, at:
  5. "Drone footage captures landslide destruction in Colombia – video report," Reuters. 2017-APR-02, downloaded from:
  6. Alba Tobella, "Photos: Colombia’s Mocoa mourns mud flood victims," The Mercury News, 2017-APR-04, at:
  7. "CO2 levels on Earth cross 410 ppm for the first time in history! - Is climate change winning?," Zee Media Bureau, 2017-MAY-02, at:
  8. Zach Wichter, "Too Hot to Fly? Climate Change May Take a Toll on Air Travel," New York Times, 2017-JUN-20, at:
  9. Paweł Kowalczuk, answer to a question: "Do you think religions are important for humankind? And why? And if not what do you think about that?." Quora, at:

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Copyright © 2017 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Originally posted: 2017-APR-02
Latest update: 2017-JUN-21
Author: B.A. Robinson

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