2016-NOV-24: Value of coastal properties in the U.S.:
Coastal properties have long been particularly valued real estate. But climate change is causing the ocean level to rise, threatening these properties. The threat comes from two sources:
The general rise of temperatures worldwide are melting the glaciers. Glaciers in Greenland and the Antarctic are two major examples. Ice melting, and the runoff is raising the level of the oceans.
Rising temperatures are also heating the oceans, causing them to expand in volume.
Ian Urbina, writing in the New York Times, said:
"Though demand remains strong and developers continue to build near the water in many coastal cities, homeowners across the nation are slowly growing wary of buying property in areas most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. ... The real estate industry, particularly along the vulnerable coastlines, is slowly awakening to the need to factor in the risks of catastrophic damage from climate change, including that wrought by rising seas and storm-driven flooding." 1
Jennifer Jurado, the chief resiliency officer in Broward County, Florida said that by the mid 2060's, the ocean level could rise two or three feet in the Ft. Lauderdale area.
Handling the problem is going to require an unprecidented level of cooperation among federal, state, and municipal politicians. Water pumps and drain backflow valves need to be installed; sea walls need to be raised; building codes will have to be rewritten; roads will have to be raised.
Dr. Muench, 82, who has lived in Miami-Dade County for over four decades noted that:
"There has been a definite, gradual increase [in flooding] since the onset of information about global warming. In my mind, there is no question about the relationship. The canal is rising because the ocean is rising."
2016-NOV-25: The average temperature at Svalbard, Norway may exceed freezing:
Svalbard is shown in dark green.
It is part of Norway, shown in light green.
The average annual temperature for 2016 at Longyearbyen -- the main settlement in Svalbard -- could be above 0º C (32º F) for the first time since temperature records were first kept. Svalbard is an archipelago in the Arctic located between Norway and Greenland. It has five main islands and many tiny islands, totalling about 24 square miles, or 62 km2.
Ketil Isaksen of the Norwegian Meterological Institute said that:
"This is a little bit shocking. If you had asked me five or 10 years ago, I could not have imagined such numbers in 2016. Svalbard is a very good spot to show what’s happening in the Arctic at the moment. ... There are still huge areas in the Barents Sea and Kara Sea to the east of Svalbard that are free of ice. They should normally be ice-covered."
The yearly average temperature has been about - 6.7º C (20º F) in recent years. Each of the past 6 years/73 months has been warmer than average. The warmest annual temperature to date was in 2006 when the average was - 1.8º C (29º F).
The temperature in the Arctic is part of a "positive feedback loop:"
As the temperature warms, due to more greenhouse gasses being emitted into the atmosphere worldwide, the area covered by Northern sea ice dimminishes.
More of the heat from the sun, which would normally be reflected back into space by the ice, is adsorbed by the water in the ocean.
As the ocean heats up, it melts more sea ice.
The Stockholm Environment Institute issued a report on NOV-25. It noted several "regime shifts" occuring in the Arctic, including the reduction in sea ice and the thinning of the glaciers covering Greenland. Their report said:
"These regime shifts affect the stability of the climate and landscape, plant and animal species’ ability to survive, and indigenous peoples’ subsistence and ways of life." 2
2016-DEC-05: The "I Side With" web site conducted Internet poll about climate change:
The "I Side With" web site started a poll in the U.S. on 2014-NOV-10. 1 They asked the question:
"Should the government increase environmental regulations to prevent climate change?"
As of 2016-DEC-05, they had obtained 12.6 million reponses and were still accumulating votes. Results were:
Yes, and provide more incentives for alternative energy production: 6%.
Total Yes: 62%
No; provide more incentives for alternative energy production instead: 6%.
No, and global warming is a natural occurrence: 3%
No, tax carbon emissions instead: 1%
Total Yes: 38%3
Unfortunately, although the number of persons responding is incredibly high for a poll, the accuracy of the results is suspect, because the responses do not come from a random selection of American adults. Only those visitors with an Internet connection, who are aware of the poll and its website, and a sufficient motivation to vote would have had their results included.
Some more environment/climate change articles that may be of interest to you:
Part 1: 2013: Quotes. Background. Bay of Bengal incident. Decline in Canada's arctic ice cover.
Part 2: 2013/2014: Canada loses its seasons. 316 North American cities to be under water.
Part 3: 2013/2014: Christians, Republicans' & Democrats' beliefs differ. Volcanoes cause pauses in global warming. Americans' views on climate change.
Part 4: 2014/2015: How Americans viewed climate change. HFC limits. Groups abandoning ALEC. Paris Conference reaches agreement.
Part 5:2016-FEB to AUG: Climate change concerns: Ocean levels rising. Displacement of animal species.
Greenland glacier melting. "Third Pole" glaciers melting.
Part 6:2016-SEP: Flooding on the U.S. East coast. U.S. and China ratify the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement. Pres. Obama: trends are "terrifying."
Part 7: 2016-SEP: Obama comments on warming (Con't). 31 countries ratify Paris agreement. Trump zigzags on Climate Change.
Part 8: 2016-Summer/Fall: Events showing that climate change is adversely affecting life on Earth
Part 9: 2016-OCT: Did God send Hurricane Matthew as an anti-LGBT message to humanity? Alternate opinions. Hurricane Matthew re-enters Atlantic Ocean.
Part 11: 2016-DEC: President-elect Trump's climate change beliefs. New heads of federal government departments. Extinction of 11 species.
Part 12: 2016-DEC: President-elect Trump's 16 Promised Plans on Energy and the Environment.
Part 13: 2017-JAN: 2016 Was The Hottest Year On Record, Ever.
Part 14: 2017-JAN: Recent Climate Change Measurements!
Part 15:2017-JAN to APR:
Climate Change Debate is Changing. What if All the Earth's Glaciers Melted?
Part 16:2017-JAN to APR: Donald Trump Becomes President. EPA Foe Installed as Head of EPA! Hundreds Die During Flood in Colombia. Carbon Dioxide in Atmosphere Reaches New High.
Part 17:Studies of the Effects
of Sea-level Rise in California between Now and the Year 2100.
Part 18: President Trump Decided that the U.S. Will Quit the Paris Agreement.
Explosive Reactions to his Plan, nationally and globally.
Part 19: More Reactions to the U.S.
Withdraw from the Paris Agreement. Record high temperatures in SanFrancisco and elsewhere.
Part 20:2017-AUG/SEP : Group of 20 summit meeting, Hurricane Harvey attacks Texas. Is climate change increasing the
severity or frequency of hurricanes?
Part 21:2017-SEP: 2017-SEP: Can government regulations help? U.S. record high temperatures. Did God send Hurricane Harvey to attack TX?.
Hurricane Irma attacks Caribbean, FL, SC, GA. Hurricanes Jose & Maria.
Part 22: 2017-SEP/OCT: The most expensive recent hurricanes to attack the United States. Does God use Hurricanes to send a message?
Conflicts, climate change cause rise in hunger.
Part 23: 2017-OCT to 2017-DEC: All UN states have signed the Paris Agreement. Government report contradicts the President. Comment by
the Union of Concerned Scientists.
Part 24:2018-JAN to MAY: New temperature records. President signs bill increasing research."Onion's" amusing fake news. Sea levels rising; cities under water.
Climate change beliefs as function of age.
Proposed Mount Trumpmore project. Volcano in Hawaii. How global warming is affecting California.
Animal, Insect, & Bird Ranges Shrink.
Nutrients in rice reduced. California Governor's comments.
Part 25:2018-JUN & JUL: During 2018-JUN: A very few encouraging signs. Hurricanes slowing as winds increase. Changes in Antarctic ice and environment. Norway's growing season increased. A new world highest temperature. Future ocean levels.
Part 26:2018-JUL: New York City reports to the UN. Impacts of
humans burning up all our fossil energy. WWW.CLIMATECENTRAL.ORG's tools.
Death Valley, CA, sets new record. Dissapearing wetlands in Louisiana. Climate change affecting Northern lands. Hurricane Florence.
Part 27: 2018-AUG & SEP: Dissapearing wetlands in Louisiana. Climate change affecting Northern countries. Hurricane Florence attacks the Carolinas. Pat Robinson's "Shield of Protection" doesn't work.
Part 28: 2018-SEP & OCT: Trump Admin. predicts: 7ºF temperature
rise by the year 2099. Impact of climate change on women.Green Building Week & commitment. New IPCC report predicts a "Strong Risk of
as early as 2040.
Part 29: 2018-OCT & NOV: Southern Baptist Convention downplays IPCC Report. Climate changing Fall season. Ozone layer continues to heal.
Trump Confuses Weather
Part 30: 2018-NOV: Hope for people who have no access
to clean water. Trump Administration releases National Climate Assessment report.
Reactions to the report.
Part 31: 2018-DEC: How to lie about climate change. UN head repeats warning. Major report on Arctic climate. Greenhouse gases soar. Can climate scientists be trusted?
Part 32: 2019-JAN: Collecting plastic trash from the Pacific Ocean. U.S. Public opinion on the environment.
Status of climate change at the start of 2019.
Part 33:2019-JAN-MAR: If Ocean Cleanup fails.... Public opinion on environment.
Climate change in early 2019. Sea rise from Antarctic melting. Denmark fights cow flatulence. Disconnect between the EPA and climate scientists. Change is urgent NOW!
The following information source was used to prepare and update the above
essay. The hyperlink is not necessarily still active today.
Ian Urbina, "Perils of Climate Change Could Swamp Coastal Real Estate," New York Times, 2016-NOV-24, at: http://www.nytimes.com/
Karl Ritter, "Svalbard could see above-zero average temperature for first time, scientists say," Toronto Star, 2016-NOV-25, at: https://www.thestar.com/