Climate Change. Part 28.
During 2018-SEP & OCT: Trump Admin. predicts: 7ºF
rise by the year 2099.
Impact of climate change on women. Green Building Week & commitment.
New IPCC report predicts a "Strong
as early as 2040.
2018-SEP-28: Trump administration predicts a global rise in temperature of 4ºC or 7ºF by the year 2099, compared to pre-industrial levels:
Many climate scientists feel that this would be a catastrophe.
Juliet Eilperin, et al. writing for the Washington Post said:
"The draft statement, issued by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), was written to justify President Trump’s decision to freeze federal fuel-efficiency standards for cars and light trucks built after 2020.
Many coral reefs would dissolve in increasingly acidic oceans. Parts of Manhattan and Miami would be underwater without costly coastal defenses. Extreme heat waves would routinely smother large parts of the globe."
The document predicts that if the world does not make an effort to reduce emissions that carbon dioxide concentrations would rise from the current 410 parts per million to 789 ppm by the end of the century.
Michael MacCracken, formerly a senior scientist at the U.S. Global Change Research Program, commented:
"The amazing thing they’re saying is human activities are going to lead to this rise of carbon dioxide. That is disastrous for the environment and society. And then they’re saying they’re not going to do anything about it."
The document states that the world would have to make major cuts in carbon emissions to avoid this rise. That would require:
"substantial increases in technology innovation and adoption compared to today’s levels and would require the economy and the vehicle fleet to move away from the use of fossil fuels, which is not currently technologically feasible or economically feasible."
During the same week, U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres told world leaders gathered in New York:
"If we do not change course in the next two years, we risk runaway climate change. ... Our future is at stake." 8
The planet Venus in our solar system which is a near twin of Earth in terms of size, once experienced runaway climate change. It currently has a surface temperature of 462ºC or 864ºF! That is 135ºC or 243 ºF higher than the melting point of lead.
Report by UN Women deals with impact of climate change on women:
"Climate change is making our world more dangerous. Catastrophic storms, of increased frequency and strength, are destroying lives, homes and businesses. Severe droughts are stifling rural livelihoods. Sea level rise have put low-lying areas and island nations at risk. An additional 250,000 climate-related deaths per year are expected between 2030 and 2050 from malnutrition, malaria, diarrhea and heat stress.
A changing climate affects everyone, but it’s the world’s poorest and those in vulnerable situations, especially women and girls, who bear the brunt of environmental, economic and social shocks. Often, women and girls are the last to eat or be rescued; they face greater health and safety risks as water and sanitation systems become compromised; and they take on increased domestic and care work as resources dwindle." 2
2018-SEP-24: Green Building Week:
The World Green Building Council is a network of Green Building Councils in over 70 countries. They note that:
"Nearly 40% of the world’s energy consumption comes from buildings, and by using green building principles and smarter, more efficient materials, the World Green Building Council believes we have the power to reduce that percentage to 0%.
That’s why we’re working towards 100% net zero carbon buildings by 2050. ..."
"If we all reduced our home’s energy consumption by 20%, that would deliver a savings of just over half a metric ton of CO2 per household (the equivalent of 1,277 miles of driving, or 21.5 propane cylinders used for home barbecues)." 3
2018-OCT-02: Green Building Commitment:
A group of 22 city mayors, and state governors in six continents across the world joined with the CEO's of 12 major companies to promote new standards for the design of their buildings. Their agreement is called "Net Zero Carbon Buildings Commitment," and was launched at the Global Climate Action Summit in San Francisco, CA.
They pledged to eliminate 209 million tonnes of carbon emissions (CO2) from their buildings by 2050 – that’s equivalent to taking nearly 45 million cars off the road for a full year.
Bill de Blasio, mayor of New York City, NY explained:
"Climate change poses an existential threat to New York City, and making our buildings more sustainable and efficient is a key part of the solution."4
Representatives for an initial 22 cities and four regions have committed to installing new regulations and policies to require all new buildings to operate at "net zero carbon" starting in 2030, and to have all buildings operating to this standard by 2050.
2018-OCT-08: New report by the IPCC predicts a "Strong Risk of Crisis as early as 2040:"
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a United Nations scientific panel that deals with global warming. They issued a special report, the first to be commissioned under the Paris Agreement of 2015. 5 It concluded:
"Limiting global warming to 1.5ºC would require rapid, far reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society."
"With clear benefits to people and natural ecosystems, limiting global warming to 1.5ºC compared to 2ºC could go hand in hand with ensuring a more sustainable and equitable society."
Coral Davenport, writing for the New York Times, said that the report:
"... paints a far more dire picture of the immediate consequences of climate change than previously thought, and says that avoiding the damage requires transforming the world economy at a speed and scale that has 'no documented historic precedent'. ... The authors found that if greenhouse gas emissions continue at the current rate, the atmosphere will warm up by as much as 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit (1.5 degrees Celsius) above pre industrial levels by 2040, inundating coastlines and intensifying droughts and poverty. ... The authors ... estimate that the damage would come at a cost of $54 trillion. ... While they conclude that it is technically possible to achieve the rapid changes required to avoid 2.7 degrees of warming, they concede that it may be politically unlikely." 6
It predicts worsening food shortages, more wildfires, a mass die-off of coral reefs.
The report was prepared by 91 scientists from 40 countries who analyzed over 6,000 scientific studies. It said that:
"To prevent 2.7 degrees of warming, the report said, greenhouse pollution must be reduced by 45 percent from 2010 levels by 2030, and 100 percent by 2050. It also found that, by 2050, use of coal as an electricity source would have to drop from nearly 40 percent today to between 1 and 7 percent. Renewable energy such as wind and solar, which make up about 20 percent of the electricity mix today, would have to increase to as much as 67 percent.
The above paragraph seems to have an internal conflict. It says that greenhouse pollution must be totally eliminated by 2050, and that generation of electricity from coal must drop to 1 to 7% of the total. But if greenhouse pollution is reduced to zero by capturing greenhouse emissions and preventing them from being dispersed into the atmosphere, then it would not matter what percentage of electricity is generated from coal.
Drew Shindell, a climate scientist at Duke University and one of the authors of the report, said:
"This report makes it clear: There is no way to mitigate climate change without getting rid of coal."
Meanwhile, President Trump has promised to increase the burning of coal in the U.S. He also plans to have the U.S. withdraw from the Paris Agreement.
This topic continues in the next essay, with developments during 2018-October & November
The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above
essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.
Juliet Eilperin et al., "Trump administration sees a 7-degree [F] rise in global temperatures by 2100," The Washington Post, 2018-SEP-28, at: https://www.washingtonpost.com/
"In Focus: Climate action by, and for, women," UN Women, 2017-JAN to OCT; month not given, at: http://www.unwomen.org/
Terri Wills, "For Green Building Week: How Women Can Fight Climate Change, Starting at Home," Women's News, 2018-SEP-24, at: https://womensenews.org/
Victoria Kate Burrows, "Ensuring the Habitats of Future Generations through Green Buildings, Women's News, 2018-OCT, at: https://womensenews.org/
"Summary for Policymakers of IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5ºC approved by governments," IPCC, 2018-OCT-08, at: http://www.ipcc.ch/
Coral Davenport, "Major Climate Report Describes a Strong Risk of Crisis as Early as 2040," New York Times, 2018-OCT-07, at: https://www.nytimes.com/
David Roach, "U.N. climate change report countered by 'real data'," Southern Baptist Convention news, 2018-OCT-09, at: http://www.bpnews.net/
The following reports in this section that discuss environment and climate change may be of interest to you:
Part 1: 2013: Quotes. Background. Bay of Bengal incident. Decline in Canada's arctic ice cover.
Part 2: 2013/2014: Canada loses its seasons. 316 North American cities to be under water.
Part 3: 2013/2014: Christians, Republicans' & Democrats' beliefs differ. Volcanoes cause pauses in global warming. Americans' views on climate change.
Part 4: 2014/2015: How Americans viewed climate change. HFC limits. Groups abandoning ALEC. Paris Conference reaches agreement.
Part 5:2016-FEB to AUG: Climate change concerns: Ocean levels rising. Displacement of animal species.
Greenland glacier melting. "Third Pole" glaciers melting.
Part 6:2016-SEP: Flooding on the U.S. East coast. U.S. and China ratify the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement. Pres. Obama: trends are "terrifying."
Part 7: 2016-SEP: Obama comments on warming (Con't). 31 countries ratify Paris agreement. Trump zigzags on Climate Change.
Part 8: 2016-Summer/Fall: Events showing that climate change is adversely affecting life on Earth
Part 9: 2016-OCT: Did God send Hurricane Matthew as an anti-LGBT message to humanity? Alternate opinions. Hurricane Matthew re-enters Atlantic Ocean.
Part 10: 2016-NOV: U.S. Costal real estate threatened. Rapid temperature rise in the Arctic. Very large poll about climate change.
Part 11: 2016-DEC: President-elect Trump's climate change beliefs. New heads of federal government departments. Extinction of 11 species.
Part 12: 2016-DEC: President-elect Trump's 16 Promised Plans on Energy and the Environment.
Part 13: 2017-JAN: 2016 Was The Hottest Year On Record, Ever.
Part 14: 2017-JAN: Recent Climate Change Measurements!
Part 15:2017-JAN to APR:
Climate Change Debate is Changing. What if All the Earth's Glaciers Melted?
Part 16:2017-JAN to APR: Donald Trump Becomes President. EPA Foe Installed as Head of EPA! Hundreds Die During Flood in Colombia. Carbon Dioxide in Atmosphere Reaches New High.
Part 17:Studies of the Effects
of Sea-level Rise in California between Now and the Year 2100.
Part 18: President Trump Decided that the U.S. Will Quit the Paris Agreement.
Explosive Reactions to his Plan, nationally and globally.
Part 19: More Reactions to the U.S.
Withdraw from the Paris Agreement. Record high temperatures in SanFrancisco and elsewhere.
Part 20:2017-AUG/SEP : Group of 20 summit meeting, Hurricane Harvey attacks Texas. Is climate change increasing the
severity or frequency of hurricanes?
Part 21:2017-SEP: 2017-SEP: Can government regulations help? U.S. record high temperatures. Did God send Hurricane Harvey to attack TX?.
Hurricane Irma attacks Caribbean, FL, SC, GA. Hurricanes Jose & Maria.
Part 22: 2017-SEP/OCT: The most expensive recent hurricanes to attack the United States. Does God use Hurricanes to send a message?
Conflicts, climate change cause rise in hunger.
Part 23: 2017-OCT to 2017-DEC: All UN states have signed the Paris Agreement. Government report contradicts the President. Comment by
the Union of Concerned Scientists.
Part 24:2018-JAN to MAY: New temperature records. President signs bill increasing research."Onion's" amusing fake news. Sea levels rising; cities under water.
Climate change beliefs as function of age.
Proposed Mount Trumpmore project. Volcano in Hawaii. How global warming is affecting California.
Animal, Insect, & Bird Ranges Shrink.
Nutrients in rice reduced. California Governor's comments.
Part 25:2018-JUN & JUL: During 2018-JUN: A very few encouraging signs. Hurricanes slowing as winds increase. Changes in Antarctic ice and environment. Norway's growing season increased. A new world highest temperature. Future ocean levels.
Part 26:2018-JUL: New York City reports to the UN. Impacts of
humans burning up all our fossil energy. WWW.CLIMATECENTRAL.ORG's tools.
Death Valley, CA, sets new record. Dissapearing wetlands in Louisiana. Climate change affecting Northern lands. Hurricane Florence.
Part 27: 2018-AUG & SEP: Dissapearing wetlands in Louisiana. Climate change affecting Northern countries. Hurricane Florence attacks the Carolinas. Pat Robinson's "Shield of Protection" doesn't work.
Part 29: 2018-OCT & NOV: Southern Baptist Convention downplays IPCC Report. Climate changing Fall season. Ozone layer continues to heal.
Trump Confuses Weather
Part 30: 2018-NOV: Hope for people who have no access
to clean water. Trump Administration releases National Climate Assessment report.
Reactions to the report.
Part 31: 2018-DEC: How to lie about climate change. UN head repeats warning. Major report on Arctic climate. Greenhouse gases soar. Can climate scientists be trusted?
Part 32: 2019-JAN: Collecting plastic trash from the Pacific Ocean. U.S. Public opinion on the environment.
Status of climate change at the start of 2019.