|Name of the religion:
|Current interpretation of the Holy Book:
||Ranges from statements of the Pope in
Roman Catholicism to resolutions at conventions among Protestants.
||Learned scholars in various countries.
There is no single spokesperson or authoritative group.
|Name of worship center:
|Main day of worship:
||Sunday; Saturday for some.
|Church and state:
||Largely considered separate. Most
predominately Christian countries are democracies
||Integrated. Most predominately Muslim countries are
||Generally restricted to legal matters.
||Covers both moral and legal matters.
||Prerogative of the people
||Prerogative of God
|Use of statues of deity, saints, prophets, etc:
||Common in some denominations; absent or forbidden in others.
||Absolutely forbidden. Statues and pictures are considered
a very serious form of idolatry.
Main holy days:
||Most Christians celebrate at least Christmas, Easter, and associated holy
||Ashura; Mawlid; lunar month
of Ramadan; Eid
al-Fitr; Eid al-Adha.
|Status of women; sexism:
||Variable. Conservatives & liberals
differ greatly in the allowed roles for women in the family, employment, and church.
||Strongly affected by cultural
traditions. Women are severely oppressed in some countries.
Status of sexual minorities (lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender persons, transsexuals:
Variable; ranges from limitations on the right to
marry and other rights to acceptance of same-sex marriage
||Variable; ranges from being driven underground
into hiding, to execution.
||Inter-faith marriages, in the Eastern
Orthodox church. Marriages between conservative Christians and others,
within conservative Christianity.
||A Muslim woman may not be married (or
remained married) to a non-Muslim man.
Promoted by the LDS church until
supported by Christian Identity, KKK, and other
Christian fringe groups. Officially rejected by almost all other denominations.
Remains widespread in the U.S. May be increasing since the election of President Obama who is bi-racial.
Officially rejected by all Islamic
|Reaction to apostasy (leaving the faith due to
Prior to 1792, the end of the "burning
times," execution was common. Today, with the separation of church and state, people are free to change or abandon their religion without government reaction.
Traditionally, death to the apostate.
This is still practiced by some predominately Muslim countries. More commonly, apostates are ocasionally murdered by friends, family, or a mob.
|Historical treatment of
Jewish people in Muslim countries (Prior to World War 1):
Prolonged and widespread
anti-Judaism, anti-semitism, oppression, and mass murder.
||Additional taxation, because Jews were not
required to serve in the military, but otherwise
|Recent treatment of Jewish people:
||Lessening of anti-semitism from
historical levels, and gradual support of Israel, particularly since
World War II.
||Massive opposition and physical attacks
since the creation of the State of Israel in 1948 and the occupation
|Relations with state of Israel since 1948
||Widespread support for Israel among religious
conservatives. Criticism among some liberals concerning Israel's treatment of Muslims.
||Widespread rejection of Israel.
Discrimination, suicide bombing, etc. practiced. An exception is Turkey, a
Muslim country that is a secular state.
Basis of calendar:
Gregorian solar calendar. 1
about four to seven years after birth of Jesus.
Many Muslims use Gregorian calendar. Religious
events based on the Islamic lunar calendar. 1 AH occurred
CE, the year of the Hegira when Muhammad traveled from Mecca to Medina.
|Most misunderstood practice:
||The sacrifice of the Mass, a Roman
Catholic ritual. Some Native Americans and others interpreted it as a form of ritual
mutilation. This is often incorrectly considered to be a religious requirement of
Islam. Actually it is cultural tradition common in some countries of
Northern Africa. It is unknown in many Muslim countries.