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Hot topics involving change and extensive conflict:


Past & present religious/ethical/moral
conflicts: Some settled; some starting;
some dissipating;
Some low key; others very active.

How this web site handles religious conflicts:

We are unlike probably 99.9% of the religious websites on the Internet. We do not promote:

bullet A single religion, or
bullet A single point of view on "hot" religious topics, or
bullet A single point of view on controversial social problems.

Instead, we try to explain all viewpoints fairly, accurately, completely, and with balance.

As a result, you are certain to find material in this section and throughout the rest of this web site that agrees with your beliefs. You will also find other discussions that contradict your beliefs. Please don't E-mail us because you find information here that you don't agree with. That is to be expected. If it doesn't happen, then we are not doing our job properly.

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An introduction to religious and ethical conflicts:

For centuries, there have been active major conflicts of a religious, theological and/or ethican nature in North America and in the rest of the world. We refer to these as "very hot topics" -- debates that have generated enormous conflict and division within cultures, and continue to do so today. These have occurred:

  • Within various faith groups, where they often lead to denominational schisms. That is why there are about 20 to 20 thousand Christian denominations, sects, and faith groups in the world rather than one.

  • Within a single religion, among various faith groups, often between theologically conservative and progressive denominations within the same religion.

  • Among religions,

  • Between various faith groups and secularists, and

  • Between various faith groups and other groups in society. In the U.S., during the 21st century, much of the religious conflict has been between religious conservatives and sexual minorities like the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Transsexual community (LGBT).

Examples of past conflicts were:

  • Slavery vs. abolition: whether some people should be able to own and consider other people as property.

  • Status of women: whether women should be allowed to own property, to enter professions, considered on a par with men, etc. It was only in 1929 that Women were considered full persons in Canada who could be appointed to the Senate.

  • Universal sufferage: whether women should be allowed to vote in elections.

  • Whether women should be allowed to be ordained as clergy. This topic is still being debated today as the two largest faith groups in the U.S. -- the Roman Catholic Church and Southern Baptist Convention -- remain profoundly sexist in their opposition to allowing women to attain positions of power and authority. Other Christian denominations are gradually accepting women. We are only aware of two religious groups in which the majority of clergy/leaders are women. That is the Unitarian Universalist Association and some neo-pagan faiths, like Wicca.

After studying past conflicts that have been partly or completely resolved we have noted that:

  • Resolution of these conflicts seem to be accellerating:
    • Slavery took centuries -- and in the case of the United States, a major war -- to abolish.

    • Debate over the existence of Satanic Ritual Abuse (SRA) was largely resolved over about 15 years (from 1980 to 1995).

    • Same-sex marriage was settled -- at least from a legal standpoint -- in about two decades. Massachusetts was the first (from 2004 to 2015).

  • When conflicts are eventually resolved, it always seems to be in favor of greater equality and greater human rights for more people.

  • In most cases, when a group that is discriminated against is able to organize and fight to attain equality, they eventually win.

  • At least in recent decades, faith groups that oppose equality and human rights are experiencing a major loss in active membership, particularly among youths and young adults.

Currently, most of the conflicts in North America are sexually related, in that they involve individual's gender, sexual orientation, and/or gender identity.

Since about 70% of Americans and Canadians identify themselves as Christians, this section will mainly deal with the conflicts between some Christian sources and other elements in society. Please be aware that we follow a very inclusive definition of the term "Christian." On this website, a Christian is defined as:

"... any individual or group who devoutly, thoughtfully, seriously, and prayerfully regards themselves to be Christian. That is, they honestly believe that they follow Yeshua of Nazareth's (a.k.a. Jesus Christ's) teachings as they understand them to be."

Thus, Christian denominations include a great range of faith groups, from the Southern Baptists to Mormons, from the Roman Catholic Church to Jehovah's Witnesses, from Christian Scientists to progressive Christianity.

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Important stuff:

We strongly recommend that you read the following topics:

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Religious change:

Changes in religious beliefs are very different from changes in scientific beliefs.

  • In the larger world religions, religious beliefs are largely based upon the writings in a holy book -- the Hebrew Scriptures for Jews, the Holy Bible for Christians, the Qur'an for Muslims, etc. The actual text of these books is more or less fixed. Thus, religious beliefs evolve only as the interpretation of the texts change. This is often a very slow process.

    What the books say is fixed; how they are interpreted is evolving.

    Because of the close interaction between religion and culture, change happens at a very slow rate -- often over generations. For example, in the U.S. the level of acceptance of inter-racial marriage increased over the latter part of the 20th century by only about 1 percentage point a year; acceptance of same-sex marriage since 1988 has been increasing somewhat faster -- about 1.7 percentage points a year. Such basic changes are generational in nature because people normally develop their ethical and moral beliefs as older teens and young adults and maintain them unchanged for the rest of their life.

  • In science, all beliefs are open to falsification. Scientists know that their beliefs only approximate reality. Their beliefs are grounded in observations. They expect and aggressively search out reality through observation and study. Change can happen quickly.

  • The following section and essay discuss change:

Past conflicts, now largely settled:

Ever since the time of the scientist Galileo, there have been continual battles in the West between the dominant religion (Christianity) and persons who propose conflicting social, medical, scientific and other ideas.

bullet Human slavery: Slavery has been almost completely eliminated in much of the world. However near-slavery is still a serious problem in some areas of the world.

bullet Other conflicts which have been largely resolved

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Future topics which have not yet been fully engaged:

At any time over the past few centuries, there have been "hot" topics that are just emerging into public debate. Now is no exception.

bullet Transgender persons -- Equal rights and protections for those who experience gender dysphoria. These are individuals whose gender identity conflicts with the gender that they were assigned at birth. This topic became prominent as a result of a federal bill in the U.S. to end discrimination on the basis of both sexual orientation and gender identity. When the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that gay marriages were to be available across the country, the attention of many religious and social conservatives rapidly switched from opposing same-sex marriage to opposing equal rights for transgender persons and transsexuals. Debate on this topic is expected to accellerate rapidly in the near future, even though only about 0.6% of adults are transgender.

bullet Polygamy (a.k.a. plural marriage): Marriage is an amazingly flexible institution. It has taken many forms in various cultures and eras. It has not always been restricted to a union of two spouses. The current record holder for man with the largest collection of wives appears to be Solomon in the Bible. He is reported as having 700 wives and 300 concubines.

Currently active religious/spiritual/moral conflicts:


The current big five moral/ethical concerns:

  1. Abortion access including methods of reducing the abortion rate

  2. Capital punishment

  3. Climate change, global warming, and the environment

  4. Racism

  5. Sexual minorities:


bullet Mental and physical therapies and treatments:
bullet Psychological and other hoaxes

bullet CAM: "Complementary and alternative medicine"

bullet Facilitated communication for people with Autism and other communication disorders

bullet Faith healing via prayer vs. medical treatment

bullet The HPV vaccine and cervical cancer

bullet Recovered Memory therapy (RMT)

bullet Theophostic Counseling

bullet Therapeutic Touch: valid healing method or hoax?

bullet Ending discrimination in hospital visitation
bullet Psychiatric service dogs for people with mental disabilities

bulletEducational topics:
bullet In the U.S.:
bullet Religion in the public schools

bullet School library book censorship

bullet Condoms in the schools, sex-ed, and pre-marital sex

bullet Posting the Ten Commandments in public schools

bullet In Canada:
bullet Past abuse in residential schools for Native students in Canada

bullet Anti-bullying "wear pink" day

bullet Faith-based, government financed schools
bullet Marriage topics:
bullet About marriage: Changes in marriage, marriage in the Bible, marriage amendment to the U.S. Constitution, covenant marriages, same-sex marriages, inter-faith marriages, handfasting, polygamy.....
bullet Other items (in alphabetic order):
bullet Asexuality: a fourth sexual orientation?

bullet Angst: a feeling of deep anxiety or dread

Character counts and What is it that 'Makes America (or any country) Great'?

bullet Christian urban legends: really neat stories with a Christian theme that never happened

bullet Clergy sexual abuse of children and youth

bullet Cloning of humans; Therapeutic cloning 

bullet Conscience clauses: Discriminating against people motivated by religious belief

bullet Corporal punishment of children (Spanking)

Cremation vs. burial:


Culture wars: "They Are Out to Change/Destroy Our Culture!" (donated by Contributing Editor Susan Humphreys)

bullet Embryo and stem cell research

bullet Euthanasia and assisted suicide

bullet Medical management of pain

bulletEvolution vs. Creation Science

bullet Fantasy role playing games Dungeons & Dragons, etc.

bullet Female Genital Mutilation (a.k.a. Female Circumcision)

bullet Female ordination

bullet Freedoms: erosion of freedoms and human rights in the U.S.


Gay marriage (We prefer the term "same-sex marriage" as being more inclusive of persons with a bisexual orientation)




Gun control in the U.S.

bullet Halloween: Facts and misinformation

bullet Hate: What it is & how it damages the hater: An essay by Contributing Editor, Susan Humphreys.

bullet The Harry Potter books (children's imaginative fiction)

bulletHate crime legslation

bulletHate groups in the U.S.

bullet Homosexual marriages (We prefer the term "same-sex marriage" as being more inclusive)

bullet Individual vs. group effort: The power of "WE:" Part 1  Part 2  Part 3

bullet Inter-faith marriages

bulletIntersexuality  and Intersexual Genital Mutilation

bullet Jesus' body: where is it now? In heaven or a Jerusalem tomb

bullet License plates with anti-abortion or pro-Christian messages

bullet Masturbation

bullet Nudism, Naturism, Public Breast-feeding, Toplessness

bullet The "Occult"

bulletPolygamous marriages

bullet Priests' sexual abuse of children and youth

bullet Recovered Memory therapy

bullet Religion in the public schools

bullet Residential schools for Native students in Canada

bullet Ritual abuse

bulletSame-sex marriage

bullet Satanic ritual abuse

bullet Sex related topics

bullet Separation of church and state; Recent court decisions

bulletSpanking (corporal punishment) of children

bullet Stem cell research

bullet Suicide

bullet The Ten Commandments; should they be posted in public schools, etc.?

bulletBeing transgender, transsexualism and gender identity

bullet Truth and falsehood: absolute or relative?

bullet "Spare the Rod:" an essay describing partnership and dominator cultural models by Riane Eisler

bullet Vouchers for religious schools

bullet War costs in Iraq and Afghanistan

bulletWitchcraft and Wicca

bulletWomen in the clergy: female priests, pastors, ministers, rabbis

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Additional "Hot" Topics can be seen elsewhere on this Web site at the following menus:

bullet Overlap and conflicts between science and religion

bullet Religious hatred and other not-so-spiritual matters

bullet "Cults" - (a.k.a. New Religious Movements)

bullet Morality
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