Twitter icon

Facebook icon

About this site
About us
Our beliefs
Is this your first visit?
Contact us
External links

Recommended books

Visitors' essays
Our forum
New essays
Other features
Vital notes

World religions
Christian def'n
 Shared beliefs
 Handling change
 Bible topics
 Bible inerrancy
 Bible harmony
 Interpret the Bible
 Beliefs & creeds
 Da Vinci code
 Revelation 666
Other religions
Cults and NRMs
Comparing Religions

Non-theistic beliefs

About all religions
Main topics
Basic information
Gods & Goddesses
Handling change
Doubt & security
Confusing terms
End of the World?
True religion?
Seasonal events
Science vs. Religion
More information

Morality & ethics
Absolute truth

Attaining peace
Religious tolerance
Religious freedom
Religious hatred
Religious conflict
Religious violence

"Hot" topics
Very hot topics
Ten Commandments
Abortion access
Assisted suicide
Death penalty

Same-sex marriage

Human rights
Gays in the military
Sex & gender
Stem cells
Other topics

Laws and news
Religious laws
Religious news

Sponsored links


Religious Tolerance logo

Hot topics involving change and extensive conflict:


Past and present religious and ethical conflicts:
Some settled; some starting; some concluding;
Some low key; others very active.

How this web site handles religious conflicts:

We are unlike probably 99.9% of the religious websites on the Internet. We do not promote:

bullet A single religion, or
bullet A single point of view on "hot" religious topics, or
bullet A single point of view on controversial social problems.

Instead, we try to explain all viewpoints fairly, accurately, completely, and with balance.

As a result, you are certain to find material in this section and throughout the rest of this web site that agrees with your beliefs. You will also find other discussions that contradict your beliefs. Please don't E-mail us because you find information here that you don't agree with. That is to be expected. If it doesn't happen, then we are not doing our job properly.

horizontal rule

An introduction to religious and ethical conflicts:

For centuries, there have been active major conflicts of a religious, theological and/or ethican nature in North America and in the rest of the world. We refer to these as "very hot topics" -- debates that have generated enormous conflict and division within cultures, and continue to do so today. These have occurred:

  • Within various faith groups, where they often lead to denominational schisms. That is why there are about 20 to 20 thousand Christian denominations, sects, and faith groups in the world rather than one.

  • Within a single religion, among various faith groups, often between theologically conservative and progressive denominations within the same religion.

  • Among religions,

  • Between various faith groups and secularists, and

  • Between various faith groups and other groups in society. In the U.S., during the 21st century, much of the religious conflict ahs been between religious conservatives and sexual minorities like the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Transsexual community (LGBT).

Examples of past conflicts were:

  • Slavery vs. abolition: whether some people should be able to own and consider other people as property.

  • Status of women: whether women should be allowed to own property, to enter professions, considered on a par with men, etc. It was only in 1929 that Women were considered full persons in Canada who could be appointed to the Senate.

  • Universal sufferage: whether women should be allowed to vote in elections.

  • Whether women should be allowed to be ordained as clergy. This topic is still being debated today as the two largest faith groups in the U.S. -- the Roman Catholic Church and Southern Baptist Convention -- remain profoundly sexist in their opposition to allowing women to attain positions of power and authority. Other Christian denominations are gradually accepting women. We are only aware of two religious groups in which the majority of clergy/leaders are women. That is the Unitarian Universalist Association and some neo-pagan faiths, like Wicca.

After studying past conflicts that have been partly or completely resolved we have noted that:

  • Resolution of these conflicts seem to be accellerating:
    • Slavery took centuries -- and in the case of the United States, a major war -- to abolish.

    • Debate over the existence of Satanic Ritual Abuse (SRA) was largely resolved over about 15 years (from 1980 to 1995).

    • Same-sex marriage was settled -- at least from a legal standpoint -- in about two decades. Massachusetts was the first (from 2004 to 2015).

  • When conflicts are eventually resolved, it always seems to be in favor of greater equality and greater human rights for more people.

  • In most cases, when a group that is discriminated against is able to organize and fight to attain equality, they eventually win.

  • At least in recent decades, faith groups that oppose equality and human rights are experiencing a major loss in active membership, particularly among youths and young adults.

Currently, most of the conflicts in North America are sexually related, in that they involve individual's gender, sexual orientation, and/or gender identity.

Since about 70% of Americans and Canadians identify themselves as Christians, this section will mainly deal with the conflicts between some Christian sources and other elements in society. Please be aware that we follow a very inclusive definition of the term "Christian." On this website, a Christian is defined as:

"... any individual or group who devoutly, thoughtfully, seriously, and prayerfully regards themselves to be Christian. That is, they honestly believe that they follow Yeshua of Nazareth's (a.k.a. Jesus Christ's) teachings as they understand them to be."

Thus, Christian denominations include a great range of faith groups, from the Southern Baptists to Mormons, from the Roman Catholic Church to Jehovah's Witnesses, from Christian Scientists to progressive Christianity.

horizontal rule

Sponsored link

horizontal rule

Important stuff:

We strongly recommend that you read the following topics:

horizontal line

Religious change:

Changes in religious beliefs are very different from changes in scientific beliefs.

  • In the larger world religions, religious beliefs are largely based upon the writings in a holy book -- the Hebrew Scriptures for Jews, the Holy Bible for Christians, the Qur'an for Muslims, etc. The actual text of these books is more or less fixed. Thus, religious beliefs evolve only as the interpretation of the texts change. This is often a very slow process.

    What the books say is fixed; how they are interpreted is evolving.

    Because of the close interaction between religion and culture, change happens at a very slow rate -- often over generations. For example, in the U.S. the level of acceptance of inter-racial marriage increased over the latter part of the 20th century by only about 1 percentage point a year; acceptance of same-sex marriage since 1988 has been increasing somewhat faster -- about 1.7 percentage points a year. Such basic changes are generational in nature because people normally develop their ethical and moral beliefs as older teens and young adults and maintain them unchanged for the rest of their life.

  • In science, all beliefs are open to falsification. Scientists know that their beliefs only approximate reality. Their beliefs are grounded in observations. They expect and aggressively search out reality through observation and study. Change can happen quickly.

  • The following section and essay discuss change:

Past conflicts, now largely settled:

Ever since the time of the scientist Galileo, there have been continual battles in the West between the dominant religion (Christianity) and persons who propose conflicting social, medical, scientific and other ideas.

bullet Human slavery: Slavery has been almost completely eliminated in much of the world. However near-slavery is still a serious problem in some areas of the world.

bullet Other conflicts which have been largely resolved

horizontal rule

Sponsored link:

horizontal rule

Future topics which have not yet been fully engaged:

At any time over the past few centuries, there have been "hot" topics that are just emerging into public debate. Now is no exception.

bullet Transgender persons -- Equal rights and protections for those who experience gender dysphoria. These are individuals whose gender identity conflicts with the gender that they were assigned at birth. This topic became prominent as a result of a federal bill in the U.S. to end discrimination on the basis of both sexual orientation and gender identity. When the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that gay marriages were to be available across Canada, the attention of many religious and social conservatives rapidly switched from opposing same-sex marriage to opposing equal rights for transgender persons and transsexuals. Debate on this topic is expected to accellerate rapidly in the near future, even though only about 0.6% of adults are transgender.
bullet Polygamy (a.k.a. plural marriage): Marriage is an amazingly flexible institution. It has taken many forms in various cultures and eras. It has not always been restricted to a union of two spouses. The current record holder for man with the largest collection of wives appears to be Solomon in the Bible. He is reported as having 700 wives and 300 concubines.

Currently active religious conflicts:

bullet The current big four moral/ethical concerns:

Equal rights for homosexuals and bisexuals including same-sex marriage and homosexual references in the Bible

bullet Abortion access including methods of reducing the abortion rate

bulletCapital punishment
bullet Climate change, global warming, and the environment
bulletMental and physical therapies and treatments:
bulletPsychological and other hoaxes

bulletCAM: "Complementary and alternative medicine"

bulletFacilitated communication for people with Autism and other communication disorders

bullet Faith healing via prayer vs. medical treatment

bulletThe HPV vaccine and cervical cancer

bullet Recovered Memory therapy (RMT)

bulletTheophostic Counseling

bullet Therapeutic Touch: valid healing method or hoax?

bullet Ending discrimination in hospital visitation
bullet Psychiatric service dogs for people with mental disabilities

bullet Educational topics:
bulletIn the U.S.:
bulletReligion in the public schools

bulletSchool library book censorship

bulletCondoms in the schools, sex-ed, and pre-marital sex

bullet Posting the Ten Commandments in public schools

bulletIn Canada:
bullet Past abuse in residential schools for Native students in Canada

bulletAnti-bullying "wear pink" day

bulletFaith-based, government financed schools
bulletMarriage topics:
bulletAbout marriage: Changes in marriage, marriage in the Bible, marriage amendment to the U.S. Constitution, covenant marriages, same-sex marriages, inter-faith marriages, handfasting, polygamy.....
bulletOther items (in alphabetic order):
bullet Asexuality: a fourth sexual orientation?

bulletChristian urban legends: really neat stories with a Christian theme that never happened

bulletClergy sexual abuse of children and youth

bulletCloning of humans; Therapeutic cloning 

bulletCondoms in the schools, sex-ed, and pre-marital sex

bulletConscience clauses: Discriminating against people motivated by religious belief

bulletCorporal punishment of children (Spanking)

Cremation vs. burial:

bulletEmbryo and stem cell research

bulletEuthanasia and assisted suicide
bulletMedical management of pain

bullet Evolution vs. Creation Science

bulletFantasy role playing games Dungeons & Dragons, etc.

bullet Female Genital Mutilation (a.k.a. Female Circumcision)

bulletFemale ordination

bulletFreedoms: erosion of freedoms and human rights in the U.S.


Gay marriage (We prefer the term "same-sex marriage" as being more inclusive of persons with a bisexual orientation)



bulletHalloween: Facts and misinformation

bulletThe Harry Potter books (children's imaginative fiction)

bullet Hate crime legslation

bullet Hate groups in the U.S.

bullet Homosexual marriages (We prefer the term "same-sex marriage" as being more inclusive)

bullet Individual vs. group effort: The power of "WE:" Part 1  Part 2  Part 3

bulletInter-faith marriages

bullet Intersexuality  and Intersexual Genital Mutilation

bulletJesus' body: where is it now? In heaven or a Jerusalem tomb

bulletLicense plates with anti-abortion or pro-Christian messages


bulletNudism, Naturism, Public Breast-feeding, Toplessness

bulletThe "Occult"

bullet Polygamous marriages

bulletPriests' sexual abuse of children and youth

bulletRecovered Memory therapy

bulletReligion in the public schools

bulletResidential schools for Native students in Canada

bulletRitual abuse

bullet Same-sex marriage

bulletSatanic ritual abuse

bulletSex related topics

bulletSeparation of church and state; Recent court decisions

bullet Spanking (corporal punishment) of children

bulletStem cell research


bulletThe Ten Commandments; should they be posted in public schools, etc.?

bulletTransgenderism, transsexualism and gender identity

bulletTruth and falsehood: absolute or relative?

bullet"Spare the Rod:" an essay describing partnership and dominator cultural models by Riane Eisler

bulletVouchers for religious schools

bulletWar costs in Iraq and Afghanistan

bullet Witchcraft and Wicca

bullet Women in the clergy: female priests, pastors, ministers, rabbis

Sponsored links:

Additional "Hot" Topics can be seen elsewhere on this Web site at the following menus:

bulletOverlap and conflicts between science and religion

bulletReligious hatred and other not-so-spiritual matters

bullet"Cults" - (a.k.a. New Religious Movements)

line.gif (538 bytes)
Sponsored link

Go to the previous page, or return to the home page, or choose:

Web ReligiousTolerance.org
Go to home page  We would really appreciate your help

E-mail us about errors, etc. Hot topics

FreeFind search, lists of new essays...  Having problems printing our essays?

Twitter link

Facebook icon

Google Page Translator:

This page translator works on Firefox,
Opera, Chrome, and Safari browsers only

After translating, click on the "show
original" button at the top of this
page to restore page to English.


Sponsored links: