Religion and science
Cosmology: Pagan, Biblical, & Modern
Pre-scientific view: Ancient Pagan religions in the
Mediterranean area and throughout the Middle East taught that the universe was
quite tiny. These religions included those of ancient Egypt, Babylonia,
Canaan, etc. The Earth was
viewed as being more or less flat, like a dinner plate. Mountains around the edges held up
a canopy in the shape of a rigid metallic dome which formed the sky. Angels pushed the sun, moon, planets and stars
the underside of the dome of the sky on a daily basis. God sits on his
throne in Heaven, which lies above the
canopy. Doors or windows in the dome could be opened through which water (and in the
case of Sodom and Gomorrah fire and brimstone) could be poured. This is the view of the universe that the writers of the Bible
appear to have adopted from these other Pagan religions, if one interprets their writing
Earth centered view: The ancient Greeks introduced the concept
that the Earth is a sphere at the center of the universe. The moon, sun
and stars are all imbedded in transparent spheres which revolved around the
earth. Heaven and God were believed to be located at a great distance
from earth. They were
even beyond the outermost sphere, which contains the stars.
Modern view: The Earth is very close to perfectly spherical in shape. Actually
it is closest to an oblate spheroid -- a slightly pear-shaped body that bulges at its equator. It rotates on
its own axis once a day and revolves once around
the sun each year of about 365.2422 days. (To be precise, the Earth and Sun each revolve around their
mutual center of gravity.) The Gregorian Calendar, which is now in widespread use around the world, considers every fourth year to be a leap year with 366 days. By itself, this would be a perfect match to a year lasting exactly 253.25 days. To increase its accuracy, years that are divisible by 100 and not divisible by 400 are not considered leap years. Thus the year 2100 will not be a leap year.
Modern "Flat Earth Conspiracy" view: The Earth is actually disk-shaped about 24,900 miles in diameter. The sun is a tiny sphere only about 32 miles in diameter, and is located about 3,000 miles above the Earth. All of the photographs of the Earth that have allegedly been taken from outer space clearly show it to be roughly spherical in shape. However, they are all forgeries created by people on Earth. Nobody has ever landed on the Moon. It is all a NASA hoax, perpetrated by insiders to keep federal money flowing to them.
The North Pole is at the center of the Earth. The South Pole does not exist as a point. Antarctica is not a roughly circular continent as it appears on world globes. Rather it is a narrow piece of land roughly 80,000 miles long, around the entire edge of the Earth. It keeps the oceans of the world in place and prevents ships from sailing off the globe into oblivion. There is a dome over the Earth, as described in the Bible. The following map is often shown by flat-Earth supporters.
|Two Pagan views, one modern view, one hoax-conspiracy theory:
|How conservative and liberal Christians interpret these passages|
Copyright © 2001 to 2017 by Ontario Consultants on Religious
Originally written: 2002-JAN-28
Latest update: 2017-FEB-18
Author: B.A. Robinson
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