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Celtic Druidism:

Druidic groups and information sources

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Druidic wisdom from the Celtic triads:

Three signs of compassion: to understand a child's complaint, to not disturb an animal that is lying down. to be cordial to strangers."

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Modern Druidic movements:

According to the British Druid Order, there are about "...25 Druid groups in Britain alone, with a further 300 or so worldwide." Some are:

bullet Order of Bards, Ovates and Druids (OBOD): This:

"... is a spiritual group dedicated to practicing, teaching, and developing Druidry as a valuable and inspiring spirituality. The Order was founded by Ross Nichols and a group of members of The Ancient Druid Order, including the writer Vera Chapman. The Ancient Druid Order developed during the early years of the last century out of the Druid Revival which began about three hundred years ago. The ADO traces its origins to 1717." See:

bullet The Council of British Druid Orders (CoBDO) grew out of discussions among four Druid Orders in the UK during the late 1980s. By 2009, they became the largest Druid organisation in Britain with thousands of members and associates throughout Britain and the rest of the world. See:

bullet The British Druid Order was founded in 1979 by Philip Shallcrass, aka Greywolf. The BDO "see Druidry as a process of constant change and renewal whereby the tradition is continually recreated to address the needs of each generation." As of early 2006, they have about 3,000 members, mostly in the UK, but also in the USA, Canada and elsewhere. See:

bullet The Reformed Druids of North America: This movement started as a type of undergraduate prank at a mid-western U.S. college (Carleton College at Northfield, MN) in 1963. (One source says 1957). The administration had required that all students attend church. Some students invented the RDNA as a reaction to this rule. The leaders were amazed when many of the students wanted to continue the RDNA, even after the protest against the administration had been won. From this source, a number of Neopagan Druidic movements have split off, including:

bullet Ar nDraiocht Fein: (ADF) This can be loosely translated as "our own Druidism". Their name is pronounced "arn ree-ocht fane". It was founded by Isaac Bonewits who is currently the Archdruid Emeritus. The ADF emphasizes scholarly research, and " a blend of ancient practices and modern realities". His motto is "paganize mainstream religion by mainstreaming paganism". Their goal is to recreate a Pan-European Druidism, involving elements from Baltic, Celtic, Germanic Slavic and even pre-classical Greek and Roman beliefs. The ADF publishes a quarterly ADF journal, a bimonthly News from the Mother Grove, and a semi-yearly Druid's Progress. As of early 2007, they have 57 groves in the U.S. and beyond. See:

bullet The Henge of Keltria: Five ADF members compiled a list of 13 concerns about the ADF at the Pagan Spirit Gathering in 1986, Emulating the actions of Martin Luther, they attached the list to the door of Isaac Bonewits' van in 1986 . Fortunately for Isaac, they used tape in place of the nails that a tradition says that Martin Luther used at the Wittenberg cathedral. Keltria has focused on ancient Celtic religion and holds only non-public rituals. They published a journal: Keltria: A Journal of Druidism and Celtic Magick" from 1986 to 1998. They promote "... a spiritual path dedicated to revering the Nature Spirits, honoring the Ancestors, and worshipping the Deities of our ancient Irish ancestors. See:

Books on Druidism:

bullet J. Bonwick, "Irish Druids and Old Irish Religions," Dorsett Press (1986) Out of print, but may be obtainable from
bullet P. Carr-Gomm, "The Druid Tradition," Element, Rockport MA (1991) You can read reviews, and/or order this book safely from
bullet C. Chippindale, "Stonehenge Complete," Thames & Hudson, New York (1994) Review/order this book
bullet P.B. Ellis, "The Druids," W.B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids MI (1994) Review/order this book
bullet E.E. Hopman, "The Druid's Herbal For The Sacred Earth Year,"  Destiny Books, Rochester, VT, (1995) Review/order this book
bullet Douglas Monroe, "The 21 Lessons of Merlyn," Llewellyn Publications, (1992). Reviews /order this book
bullet R. Nichols, "The Book of Druidry," Aquarium, London (1975) Review/order this book
bullet B. Raftery, "Pagan Celtic Ireland: The Enigma of the Irish Iron Age," Thames & Hudson, New York (1994) 
bullet Emma Restall-Orr:
bullet "Thorsons Principles of Druidry," Thorsons Publ, (1999) Review/order this book
bullet "Spirits of the Sacred Grove: The world of a Druid Priestess," Thorsons Publ, (1998) Review/order this book
bullet "Ritual: A Guide to Life, Love & Inspiration," Thorsons, London (2000-SEP) Review/order this book
bullet Philip Shallcrass, "Druidry," Piatkus Books, (2000-OCT) Review/order this book's online bookstore lists the following books on Druidism:

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Internet References:

Unlike the websites of other minority faith traditions, Druidic sites appear to be much less likely to disappear without a trace.

bullet The Ar nDraiocht Fein (ADF) has a lengthy home page at:
bullet ADF has an essay on Special Interest Groups at:
bullet Avalon College of Druidry is a new online college offering "courses and degrees in the Druid traditions, modern Celtic spritual practices, magical and bardic arts, history, philosophy, herbology, and mythology."  See":
bullet The Blackthorn Grove has a web page devoted to Druidism and all other Pagan paths. See:
bullet The British Druid Order (BDO) is attempting to recreate the native British Druidic spiritual tradition. See"
bullet The Celtic Holidays describes "...a collection of the authentic Irish Celtic/Druid holidays in their modern English translation." See:
bullet The Grove of Bolg is a Celtic Revivalism web site. See:
bullet The Darkside Coven hold online classes, workshops and discussions on a variety of topics -- generally from a Druidic perspective. See:
bullet "Daven's Journal: druidism and Wicca; a comparison" is at:
bullet "Father Oak's Druidism" is by a solitary Druid who has been practicing for almost 15 years. See:
bullet The Grove of Danu, Inverian Church of Alberta is a Canadian religious society seeking to preserve and promote the Gaelic Diasporan culture. See:
bullet The Henge of Keltria web site is at: 
bullet Ellen Hopman, "The Origins of Keltria," at:
bullet The IMBAS mailing list is devoted to Celtic Reconstructionist Paganism . "IMBAS" (pronounced "imvuhss") is a Celtic word meaning "great wisdom" or "inspiration". See
bullet The Order of Bards, Ovates, and Druids is a well established Druidic group in the UK. See:
bullet Trefn Gwyddoniad is a Druidic group following a Welsh ritual structure who trace their presence in the US back to 1792. See:
bullet Tribe of the Oak Druid Grove is a "Celtic Reconstructionist Druid Grove that seeks to preserve and pass on the traditional ways of the ancient Celts." See:

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Copyright 1997 to 2009 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Latest update: 2019-JUL-24
Author: B.A. Robinson
Hyperlinks last checked: 2008-APR-13

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