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Timeline of recent environmental concerns

Part 3: 2014: Beliefs of Christians,
Republicans & Democrats' differ.
Volcanoes cause temporary pause
in global warming. Author's opinion.

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This topic is continued from the previous essay

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opposing hand gestures2014: Opposing statements by Christians:

  • Denial of climate change: The senior Oklahoma Senator, Jim Inhofe (R), said:

    "The book of Genesis tells us that the cold and heat, summers and winters will not cease, and I believe the God who spoke these words is still up there and in control. We have seen environmentalists disregarded the term 'global warming' and adopt the phrase 'climate change,' because there will be cold, there will be heat, there will be summer and there will be winter, but the earth shall not cease. Furthermore, more than 60 percent of weathercasters recently polled for a study done by George Mason University believe that any global warming that occurs is the result of 'natural variation' and not 'human activities.' There is no question that we should be good stewards of what God has given us, but the global warming alarmists are using gloom-and-doom, fear-based tactics to advance their environmentalist agenda which will eliminate job opportunities and slow economic growth." 6

  • A petition to Congress to act on reducing climate change: 200 evangelical Christian, each of whom "... either teaches science at an academic institution or ... have a PhD in one of the hard sciences, such as chemistry, biology, or physics" signed the petition. One of the signatories, Dr. Hal Reed, a biologist at Oral Roberts University, has personally observed species of insects moving into Oklahoma as one effect of climate change. He said:

    "We keep seeing some of the more tropical or subtropical species that are moving northward. ... We start seeing there is a Biblical mandate to take care of God's creation. Genesis 2:15 talks about taking care of the garden. ... I just challenge people to look at the Scriptures, look at our lifestyle, try to connect, as Christians, how we live, how we live in this world with other people, but it's also with the world God gave us." 6

    The petition is directed to House Speaker Boehner (R), Senate Majority Leader Reid (D), and Members of the United States Congress. It says:

    "As evangelical scientists and academics, we understand climate change is real and action is urgently needed. All of God's Creation - humans and our environment - is groaning under the weight of our uncontrolled use of fossil fuels, bringing on a warming planet, melting ice, and rising seas. The negative consequences and burdens of a changing climate will fall disproportionately on those whom Jesus called "the least of these": the poor, vulnerable, and oppressed. Our nation has entrusted you with political power; we plead with you to lead on this issue and enact policies this year that will protect our climate and help us all to be better stewards of Creation.

    Average global temperatures are at their highest level within the measurement record, and we are beginning to see indications of increasingly disturbed weather. For example, 2012 was the hottest year ever recorded for the contiguous United States, and it will go down as one of the most destructive and disruptive years in U.S. history: wildfires, drought, superstorms, and public health outbreaks. This past year is only one example of the patterns of change we expect to see as the climate warms globally. We're already spending billions in emergency aid for the victims of hurricanes and weather disasters, and these expenses will only increase as the "once in a lifetime" storms become the new normal.

    The Bible tells us that "love does no harm to its neighbor" (Romans 13:10), yet the way we live now harms our neighbors, both locally and globally. For the world's poorest people, climate change means dried-up wells in Africa, floods in Asia that wash away crops and homes,
    wildfires in the U.S. and Russia, loss of villages and food species in the Arctic, environmental refugees, and disease. Our changing climate threatens the health, security, and well-being of millions of people who are made in God's image. The threat to future generations and global prosperity means we can no longer afford complacency and endless debate. We as a society risk being counted among "those who destroy the earth" (Revelation 11:18). We call on you to pass meaningful legislation during this Congress to reduce carbon emissions and protect our environment, thereby strengthening the long-term outlook for our economy and our children. As Christian scientists and educators, we offer our knowledge, experience, and prayerful witness to assist you and all of our nation's leaders who are willing to address this urgent challenge." 7

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2014: Pause in global warming believed to be caused by volcanoes:

Climate scientists have reached a near consensus that global warming is happening and that its primarily cause human activity. However, the world's yearly average temperature does not increase smoothly. A temperature graph looks more like the side-view of a staircase rather than a smooth ramp. There are intervals of time, about 15 years in length when the average world temperature is relatively constant, and then a rapid temperature rise to a higher level:

Drawing of a staircase

Drawing of a staircase for visualization
purposes (not a graph of global temperatures)

We appear to be nearing the end of one of these constant-temperature segments to the "staircase."

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Webmaster's option (bias alert):

Climate change deniers often claim that global warming is not happening. As proof, they often point out that the world's temperature has been more or less constant over the past 15 years. Either:

  • They are unaware of the staircase nature of global warming, in which case they can be ignored because they can hardly be considered as experts, or

  • They are aware of the staircase phenomenon, in which case they can be ignored because they are being deceitful.

End of the webmaster's opinion.

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2014: Global temperatures expected to resume increasing soon:

As of 2014-MAR, we appear to be nearing the end of an interval of relatively constant temperature and can expect a rapid increase in the near future.

Volcanoes are known to release tiny particles of sulphur high into the atmosphere. They reflect sunlight, prevent the sun's rays from warming the ground as much, and cause the Earth's surface temperatures to drop, stay the same, or increase more slowly.

Also during early 2014, Dr Benjamin Santer wrote an article the journal Nature Geoscience which said in part:

"We show that climate model simulations without the effects of early 21st century volcanic eruptions overestimate the tropospheric warming observed since 1998. To reduce these uncertainties, better observations of eruption-specific properties of volcanic aerosols are needed, as well as improved representation of these eruption-specific properties in climate model simulations." 7

An unexpected, massive volcanic eruption -- the largest in the 20th century -- occurred in 1991.

Pinatubo eruption

Mount Pinatubo exploded in the Cabusilan Mountain range on the Philippine island of Luzon. It ejected millions of tons of ash and gas into the atmosphere, reaching an altitude of 21 miles. The average world temperatures dropped an average of 0.5 degrees C (0.9 degrees F) over the next two years. Seventeen smaller eruptions occurred between the year 2000 and 2009.

Professor Piers Forster, from the University of Leeds, specializes in the Earth's climate. He said:

"Volcanoes give us only a temporary respite from the relentless warming pressure of continued increases in CO2."

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This topic continues in the next essay.

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Some more environment/climate change articles that may be of interest to you:

  • Part 1: 2013: Quotes. Background. Bay of Bengal incident. Decline in Canada's arctic ice cover.

  • Part 2: 2013/2014: Canada loses its seasons. 316 North American cities to be under water.

  • Part 4: 2014/2015: How Americans viewed climate change. HFC limits. Groups abandoning ALEC. Paris Conference reaches agreement.

  • Part 5: 2016-FEB to AUG: Climate change concerns: Ocean levels rising. Displacement of animal species. Greenland glacier melting. "Third Pole" glaciers melting.

  • Part 6: 2016-SEP: Flooding on the U.S. East coast. U.S. and China ratify the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement. Pres. Obama: trends are "terrifying."

  • Part 7: 2016-SEP: Obama comments on warming (Continued). 31 countries ratify Paris agreement. Trump zigzags on Climate Change.

  • Part 8: 2016-Summer/Fall: Events showing that climate change is adversely affecting life on Earth

  • Part 9: 2016-OCT: Did God send Hurricane Matthew as an anti-LGBT message to humanity? Alternate opinions. Hurricane Matthew re-enters Atlantic Ocean.

  • Part 10: 2016-NOV: U.S. Costal real estate threatened. Rapid temperature rise in the Arctic. Very large poll about climate change.

  • Part 11: 2016-DEC: President-elect Trump's climate change beliefs. New heads of federal government departments. Extinction of 11 species.

  • Part 12: 2016-DEC: President-elect Trump's 16 promised plans on energy and the environment.

  • Part 13: star 2017-JAN: 2016 Was The Hottest Year On Record, Ever.

  • Part 14: star 2017-JAN: Recent climate change measurements.

  • Part 15: star 2017-JAN to APR: Climate Change beliefs are changing; more people accept it as real, and are now debating its cause.

  • Part 16: 2017-JAN to APR: Donald Trump Becomes President. EPA Foe Installed as Head of EPA! Hundreds Die During Flood in Colombia. Carbon Dioxide
    in Atmosphere Reaches New High.

  • Part 17: 2017-JAN to APR: Studies of the effects of sea-level rise in California between now and the year 2100.
  • Part 18: President Trump Severs the U.S. from the Paris Accord.U.S. and World Leaders React.
  • Part 19: star More Reactions to the U.S. Withdraw from the Paris Agreement. Record high temperatures in San Francisco and elsewhere.

  • Part 20: star 2017: Group of 20 summit meeting Record high temperatures in San Francisco and elsewhere. Hurricane Harvey in Texas.

  • Part 21: Can government regulations help? Is Harvey a message from God? U.S. record high temperatures. Hurricane Harvey attacks Texas.
    Hurricane Irma attacks Caribbean, FL, SC. GA.

  • Part 22: 2017-SEP/OCT: The most expensive recent hurricanes to attack the United States.Does God use Hurricanes to send a message? Conflicts; climate change causes rise in hunger.

  • Part 23: All UN states have signed the Paris Agr eement. Government report contradicts the President.
    Comment by the Union of Concerned Scientists.

  • Part 24: 2017-OCT to 2018: Sea levels rising. Insonesia suffers badly. Age differences: beliefs on climate change. Proposed Mount Trumpmore project. How global warming is affecting California. Animal, Insect, & Bird Ranges Shrink. Hurricanes slowing as winds increase.

  • Part 25: 2018-JUN to now: A very few encouraging signs. Hurricanes slowing as winds increase. Changes in Antarctic ice and environment. Norway's growing season increased. New highest temperatures.

  • Part 26: 2018-JUL: Another new highest temperature. New York City reports to the UN. Impacts of humans burning up all our fossil energy.
    WWW.CLIMATECENTRAL.ORG's tools. Death Valley, CA, sets new record. Dissapearing wetlands in Louisiana. Climate change affecting Northern lands.

  • Part 27: 2018-AUG & SEP: Disappearing wetlands in Louisiana Climate change affecting Northern countries. Hurricane Florence hits the Carolinas.

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References used:

The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.

  1. Dan Bewley, "Oklahoma Scientists, Christians, Urge Congress To Act On Climate Change,", 2013-JUL-22, at:
  2. Hal Reed et al., "Petition to Speaker Boehner, et al., signed by 200 scientists/educators, Sojourners, 2013-JUL-10, at: http:/
  3. Raveena Aulakh, "Rising sea levels will seal fate of 316 U.S. cities, study warns," Toronto Star, 2013-JUL-31, at:
  4. Rebecca Riffkin, "Climate change not a top worry in U.S.," Gallup, 2014-MAR-12, at:
  5. Jeffrey M. Jones, "In U.S., Most Do Not See Global Warming as Serious Threat," Gallup, 2014-MAR-13, at:
  6. Jeffrey M. Jones, "Americans Don't Attribute Colder Weather to Climate Change," Gallup, 2014-MAR-14, at:
  7. "Volcanoes behind global warming 'pause' - scientists," New Zealand Herald, 2014-FEB-24, at:
  8. Monica Anderson, "For Earth Day, here’s how Americans view environmental issues," Pew Research Center, 2016-APR-22, at:

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Copyright 2013 & 2016 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Originally posted: 2013-JUL
Latest update: 2016-SEP-27
Author: B.A. Robinson

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