Evangelical statements of belief:
The Manila Manifesto
The Manila Manifesto (1989):
Like the Lausanne Covenant, this document prepared by Evangelicals
attending an international conference sponsored by the Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization (LCWE).
It was held in Manila, the Philippines, and was attended by over 3,000
Its format is quite different. The Manila Manifesto consists of two parts:
||A shorter part consisting of 21 affirmations.
||A larger document which elaborates on these affirmations. 1
The Twenty-one Affirmations
of the Manila Manifesto:
We affirm our continuing commitment to the Lausanne Covenant as the basis
of our cooperation in the Lausanne movement.
We affirm that in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments God has
given us an authoritative disclosure of his character and will, his
redemptive acts and their meaning, and his mandate for mission.
- We affirm that the biblical gospel is God's enduring message to our world,
and we determine to defend, proclaim and embody it.
We affirm that human beings, though created in the image of God, are
sinful and guilty, and lost without Christ, and that this truth is a
necessary preliminary to the gospel.
We affirm that the Jesus of history and the Christ of glory are the same
person, and that this Jesus Christ is absolutely unique, for he alone is God
incarnate, our sin-bearer, the conqueror of death and the coming judge.
- We affirm that on the cross Jesus Christ took our place, bore our sins
and died our death; and that for this reason alone God freely forgives those
who are brought to repentance and faith.
We affirm that other religions and ideologies are not alternative paths
to God, and that human spirituality, if unredeemed by Christ, leads not to
God but to judgment, for Christ is the only way.
- We affirm that we must demonstrate God's love visibly by caring for those
who are deprived of justice, dignity, food and shelter.
- We affirm that the proclamation of God's kingdom of justice and peace
demands the denunciation of all injustice and oppression, both personal and
structural; we will not shrink from this prophetic witness.
We affirm that the Holy Spirit's witness to Christ is indispensable to
evangelism, and that without this supernatural work neither
new birth nor
new life is possible.
We affirm that spiritual warfare demands spiritual weapons, and that we
must both preach the word in the power of the Spirit, and pray constantly
that we may enter into Christ's victory over the principalities and powers
- We affirm that God has committed to the whole church and every member of
it the task of making Christ known throughout the world; we long to see all
lay and ordained persons mobilized and trained for this task.
- We affirm that we who claim to be members of the Body of Christ must
transcend within our fellowship the barriers of race, gender and class.
- We affirm that the gifts of the Spirit are distributed to all God's
people, women and men, and that their partnership in evangelization must be
welcomed for the common good.
- We affirm that we who proclaim the gospel must exemplify it in a life of
holiness and love; otherwise our testimony loses its credibility.
- We affirm that every Christian congregation must turn itself outward to
its local community in evangelistic witness and compassionate service.
- We affirm the urgent need for churches, mission agencies and other
Christian organizations to cooperate in evangelism and social action,
repudiating competition and avoiding duplication.
- We affirm our duty to study the society in which we live, in order to
understand its structures, values and needs, and so develop an appropriate
strategy of mission.
- We affirm that world evangelization is urgent and that the reaching of unreached peoples is possible. So we resolve during the last decade of the
twentieth century to give ourselves to these tasks with fresh determination.
- We affirm our solidarity with those who suffer for the gospel, and will
seek to prepare ourselves for the same possibility. We will also work for
religious and political freedom everywhere.
- We affirm that God is calling the whole church to take the whole gospel
to the whole world. So we determine to proclaim it faithfully, urgently and
sacrificially until he comes.
"The Manila Manifesto," Lausanne Committee for World
"The Manila Manifesto: An Elaboration of the Lausanne
Covenant 15 Years Later," " Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization,
Currently out of print
Copyright © 2003 by Ontario Consultants on Religious
Originally written: 2003-OCT-22
Latest update: 2003-NOV-2
Author: B.A. Robinson