About origins, creation and evolution
Emails we have exchanged about evolution,
creationism, intelligent design,
Three topics keep coming up among the Emails that we receive:
In the following examples, we have generally modified the incoming Email for
clarity. The message after the blue burger dots are incoming Emails; the message
after the yellow dots are our response. We generally take the opposite position
to the Emailer. As it happens, the vast majority of incoming Emails are
||At the core of the theory of evolution is
the belief that life somehow arose out of non-life: that by chance the right
combination of chemicals occurred and life happened by accident.|
really. The theory of evolution covers the interval that starts only with the first cell, and
continues to the present day. It is the science of abiogenesis that
deals with how the first cell came to be. The consensus among scientists
is that this happened at some time
between 4.4 billion years ago, when water vapor first liquefied, and 2.7
billion years ago, when the "... ratio of stable isotopes of
and 13C ), iron and sulfur points to a biogenic origin of
minerals and sediments and molecular biomarkers indicate
There are many theories about how the first cell came into
existence. Determining what actually happened over 2,700 million years
ago may prove to be forever impossible because of lack of evidence. Even
if scientists are able to create life in the laboratory there would be
no proof that this is the method that occurred billions of years ago.
claims that all of Creation is constantly evolving into more complex forms.
This assumption, however, is directly contrary to a universally accepted,
proven law of Physics known as The Second Law of Thermodynamics which
states: "All processes (left to themselves) go toward a greater state of
disorder, disorganization, disarrangement and less complexity." 2|
close. It is a frequently used argument on creationist websites. Scientists
have shown for decades that the argument is without merit. However, it is
still promoted by those sites.
The error here is that the Earth is not left to itself. The Earth is not
isolated, since it receives energy from the Sun, and to a much lesser
degree, from our moon, planets, stars and comets. If we consider the Earth-Sun system we see that
the entropy (degree of disorder) of the Earth dropping as the entropy of the
Sun increases. Thus acorns become trees; seeds become plants, ova and
spermatozoon become adult humans, etc. In the meantime, the Sun's entropy is
increasing so that the overall entropy of the Earth and Sun continues
to increase. Thus, the increase in complexity observed in the evolution of
species from the single cell to human beings does not violate the Second
||If the Earth were any closer to the Sun, life would be impossible. If it were any further away, it would be too cold to support life.
Either you believe in luck or God.|
||It is true that it is difficult to comprehend life forms on the planet
Venus. It is just too hot to support life -- at least in the forms of life that we
are used to. But it is quite possible that life forms exists and/or existed on Mars,
particularly near the equator. Life evolved on Earth to adapt to the climate
here. Life may have evolved on Mars to adapt to their different climate. It
would not be human life, but it would be life.
||I do believe dinosaurs existed but i don't believe they evolved from a
fish. If everything evolved why are there still fish and monkeys and other
animals still un-evolved? ...I understand humans and Monkeys are alike but
we still didn't evolve from them, monkeys have longer fingers than humans so
how did our hands shrink? And how did humans learn to develop speech and
create names, words and sounds, how did humans grow ears if we developed
from fish?! How did fish grow skin from scales?
I think that the best indicator that evolution actually happened is seen
in a survey a few years ago by Newsweek. They asked many thousands of
biologists and geologists whether they believe that evolution actually
happened. Over 99% said that they did. More details.
You expressed a common question: if humans evolved from apes, how come there
are still apes around? Actually humans did not evolve from apes, but
scientists believe that apes and humans do have a common ancestor.
You might find it useful to study the concept of punctuated equilibrium. This is the
that an group of a given species of animals will sometimes become isolated
from the rest, and be subjected to different environmental conditions
(drought, heat, shrinking food supplies, etc). Mutations happen randomly.
Some are beneficial, give those animals a greater chance to reproduce, and
become dominant throughout the isolated group.. The process can repeat until the new
animals are of a different species from the original group.
Apes still remain on Earth because they are better adapted to life in the
jungle, while humans still remain because they are better adapted to live in
Darwin did not know the mechanism by which mutations happened and evolution
resulted. Now, we know about DNA and things are much clearer. Scientists
have actually observed the emergence of new species of fruit flies in the
lab and fish in some African lakes.
|| ...for all organisms to have the same DNA nucleotides and
similarity in genes and structures between “related" organisms to actually
be indicators of a single Creator. To me, it shows a master creator who has
the profound intelligence and ability to reuse a simple and perfect idea. It
would not be logical for God to make totally different nucleotides for each
animal when He can use the same four.|
||On the other hand, parts of human DNA (for example) contain sequences identical
to that of sponges, fish, etc. Many scientists believe that this is a good
indicator that evolution really happened, and that the great diversity of
living things on earth originated in a single cell.
The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above
essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.
"Abiogenesis," Wikipedia, at:
Quotation apparently taken from "Treasures: Evolution Exposed!" The Family,
Originally posted: 2008-JAN-30
Latest update: 2011-FEB-12
Author: B.A. Robinson