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Religion/science conflicts & "hot" topics

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Beliefs about the origins & development
of the species, the Earth, & the rest of
the universe.

Beliefs include Naturalistic Evolution,
Young Earth Creationism,
Old Earth Creationism, Intelligent
Design, and Theistic Creationism,
(only one of which can reflect reality.)

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Six quotations that illustrate the great gulf in beliefs concerning origins of the earth and its life forms:

  • 2015-JAN: The National Center for Science Education posted a notice about an annual celebration of evolution:

    "Hundreds of congregations all over the country and around the world are taking part in Evolution Weekend, February 13-15, 2015, by presenting sermons and discussion groups on the compatibility of faith and science. Michael Zimmerman, the initiator of the project, writes,

    'Evolution Weekend is an opportunity for serious discussion and reflection on the relationship between religion and science. One important goal is to elevate the quality of the discussion on this critical topic — to move beyond sound bites. A second critical goal is to demonstrate that religious people from many faiths and locations understand that evolution is sound science and poses no problems for their faith'." 5

  • 2014-APR: Olivia McConnell from New Zion, SC, aged 8, wrote the governor of the state. The state has a state bird, flower, fish, tree, spider, amphibian, reptile, fruit, and 20 others, but no state fossil. She suggested the woolly mammoth because part of a fossil of this species was first discovered in the state. The House passed the enabling bill. But the bill was delayed in the Senate over an amendment proposed by Senator Kevin Bryant (R) whether to add a phrase saying that the mammoth was created by God during the time of creation:

    "... on the sixth day along with the beasts of the field."

    Bryant said:

    "I just had a notion that we ought to consider acknowledging the creator as we acknowledge one of his creations." 1,2

  • 2012-SEP: Statement by Representative Paul Broun, MD (R-GA):
    "God's word is true. I've come to understand that. All that stuff I was taught about evolution and embryology and the Big Bang theory, all that is lies straight from the pit of Hell, It's lies to try to keep me and all the folks who were taught that from understanding that they need a savior. ... You see, there are a lot of scientific data that I’ve found out as a scientist that actually show that this is really a young Earth. I don’t believe that the Earth’s but about 9,000 years old. I believe it was created in six days as we know them. That’s what the Bible says."
    Rep. Broun is a member of the Science, Space, and Technology Committee, along with Rep. Todd Akin (R-MO) who suggested that female victims of "legitimate rape" have biological defense processes in their body that prevent pregnancy. 3 One implication of this statement might be that if a pregant woman claims that she conceived as the result of a rape, that she is lying,

  • 2009-MAY: Letter from over 50 scientific societies to the Texas Board of Education. It expressed concern over the quality of science education in that state:

    "Evolution is the foundation of modern biology, and is crucial in fields as diverse as agriculture, computer science, engineering, geology, and medicine. We oppose any efforts to undermine the teaching of biological evolution ... whether by misrepresenting those subjects or by inaccurately describing them as controversial and in need of special scrutiny." 4

  • 1954: Bernard Ramm, from his book "The Christian View of Science and Scripture:"

    "Conservative Christianity is caught between the embarrassments of simple fiat creationism which is indigestible to modern science, and evolutionism which is indigestible to much of hyper-orthodoxy."

    This assessment from over six decades ago remains accurate today.

  • 2016-JAN: The following image was posted on this web site's Facebook icon page:

"Just a theory" image

The core problem expressed here is that the word "theory" has two meanings:

  • In normal use, a theory often means a guess based on scanty information that may or may not be true. A thory requires additional study before determining if it has any value.

  • In scientific use, according to AstronomyNotes.com, a theory is: "... a logical, systematic set of principles or explanation that has been verified -- has stood up against attempts to prove it false."
To use a term like "hunch" to refer to the former, and "scientific theory" to refer to the latter would help avoid confusion and would greatly improve clarity.

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This section discusses beliefs about both:

  • the origin of life (abiogenesis) -- how the first living entity came to be, and

  • the development of the species of living entities that we observe today, including creation science, intelligent design, theistic evolution, and naturalistic evolution.

Specific topics are:

Introductory essays: (Please read these first)


Beliefs about the origin of the species:

Carbon-14 dating techniques:

The conflicts among evolution, ID, and creation science:

The Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament):

How old is the earth and the rest of the universe?

Additional donated essays by visitors to this web site:

Information, books, links, and news events:

Note: The term "billion" is used throughout this web site in its North American sense to refer to one thousand million.

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References used:

  1. Harriet McLeod, "South Carolina legislator seeks to give God credit for state fossil," Reuters, 2014-MAR-31, at: http://www.reuters.com/
  2. Evan Bleier, "S.C. lawmaker won't let mammoth become state fossil unless God is credited as creatorn" UPI News, 2014-APR-02, at:
  3. "Rep. Paul Broun (R-GA): Evolution, Big Bang 'Lies Straight From The Pit Of Hell'." TPM, 2012-OCT-05, at: http://2012.talkingpointsmemo.com/
  4. "Scientists to Texas Board of Education: Teach Evolution Right!," National Center for Science Education, 2009-MAY-19, at: http://ncse.com/
  5. "Darwin Day approaches," The National Center for Science Education, 2015-JAN-12, at: http://ncse.com/

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Copyright © 1995 to 2016 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. Yes, that is not a typo. We have been online for over 21 years!
Originally published: 1995-NOV-03
Most recent update: 2016-DEC-02
Author: B.A. Robinson

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