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We really need your help through monetary donations, either a single donation or small monthly donations. Thank you.


Religion/science conflicts & "hot" topics

Beliefs about the origins & development
of the species, the Earth, and the rest
of the universe.

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People hold various conflicting beliefs about these topics. They include:

  • Naturalistic Evolution, with the Theory of Evolution as its basis,

  • Young Earth Creationism,

  • Old Earth Creationism,

  • Intelligent Design, and

  • Theistic Creationism.

Only one of these -- or perhaps none -- can reflect reality.

This section discusses beliefs about both:

  • Abiogenists (the origin of life) -- how the first living entity came to be, and

  • the development of all the species of living entities that we observe today, including creation science, intelligent design, theistic evolution, and naturalistic evolution.

Specific topics are:

Introductory essays: (Please read these first)

Beliefs about the origin of the species:

Carbon-14 dating techniques:

The conflicts among evolution, ID, and creation science:

The Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament):

How old is the earth and the rest of the universe?

Additional donated essays by visitors to this web site:

Information, books, links, and news events:

Note: The term "billion" is used throughout this web site in its North American sense to refer to one thousand million.

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References used:

  1. Harriet McLeod, "South Carolina legislator seeks to give God credit for state fossil," Reuters, 2014-MAR-31, at:
  2. Evan Bleier, "S.C. lawmaker won't let mammoth become state fossil unless God is credited as creator" UPI News, 2014-APR-02, at:
  3. "Rep. Paul Broun (R-GA): Evolution, Big Bang 'Lies Straight From The Pit Of Hell'." TPM, 2012-OCT-05, at:
  4. "Scientists to Texas Board of Education: Teach Evolution Right!," National Center for Science Education, 2009-MAY-19, at:
  5. "Darwin Day approaches," The National Center for Science Education, 2015-JAN-12, at:
  6. John Eligon & Michael Schwirtz, "Senate Candidate Provokes Ire With ‘Legitimate Rape’ Comment," New York Times, 2012-AUG-19, at:
  7. Mary Beth Griggs, "When Evolution’s Controversial, Declaring a State Fossil Can Get Tricky," Smithsonian Institutiom, 2014-APR-09, at:

Site navigation: Home page > "Hot" religious topics > here

Copyright © 1995 to 2019 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. Yes, that is not a typo. We have been online for almost 24 years!
Originally published: 1995-NOV-03
Most recent update: 2019-FEB-13
Author: B.A. Robinson

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