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The Fall equinox

When and why does it happen?

When and why the fall equinox happens:

The seasons of the year are caused by the 23.5 tilt of the earth's axis. Because the earth is rotating like a top or gyroscope, it points in a fixed direction continuously -- towards a point in space near the North Star. But the earth is also revolving around the sun. During half of the year, the southern hemisphere is more exposed to the sun than is the northern hemisphere. During the rest of the year, the reverse is true. At noontime in the Northern Hemisphere the sun appears high in the sky during summertime and low in the sky during winter. It is highest at the summer solstice (about June-21) and lowest at the winter solstice (about December-21).  The half-way points in the year are called the equinoxes. It is time of the year when the sun rises exactly in the east, travels through the sky for 12 hours, and sets exactly in the west. 1,2 Everywhere on earth experiences close to 12 hours of daylight, and 12 hours of nighttime.

Of course, if you believe in a flat Earth fixed in space, that the sun and moon revolve around the Earth, and that the South Pole is not a point in Antarctica but an ice wall that envelops the entire world and keeps the oceans of the world from spilling into space, then all bets are off.

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The date and time of the fall equinox:

The exact date and time of the fall equinox, when the sun moves into the astrological sign of Libra, varies from year to year. Each year, in the Northern Hemisphere, the date/time moves progressively later in September until the year before leap-year is reached. On leap-year, it returns to an earlier date/time. This four-year cycle is then repeated. In the Southern Hemisphere, the Autumn Equinox is celebrated circa MAR-21. 

Year Fall Equinox, in the Northern Hemisphere (UT)
1999 SEP-23 @ 11:32
2000 SEP-22 @ 17:27
2001 SEP-22 @ 23:04
2002 SEP-23 @ 04:55
2003 SEP-23 @ 10:46
2004 SEP-22 @ 16:29
2005 SEP-22 @ 22:22
2006 SEP-23 @ 04:03
2007 SEP-23 @ 09:51
2008 SEP-22 @ 15:44
2009 SEP-22 @ 21:18
2010 SEP-23 @ 03:09
2011 SEP-23 @ 09:05
2012 SEP-22 @ 14:49
2013 SEP-22 @ 20.44
2014 SEP-23 @ 02:29
2015 SEP-23 @ 08:20
2016 SEP-22 @ 14:21
2017 SEP-22 @ 20:02
2018 SEP-23 @ 01:54
2019 SEP-23 @ 07:50
2020 SEP-22 @ 13:31

The dates and times were derived from the astronomical calculations on The Dome of the Sky web site for years 1999 to 2006. 3 However, the web site now appears to be offline. The remaining equinoxes were taken from 4 An online "Easy Date Converter" calculates the dates and times of the equinoxes and solstices within 20 seconds. 5 Times are in UT (Universal Time). This used to be called Greenwich Mean Time or GMT. In North America, you can find your local time by subtracting:

bullet 2 hours 30 minutes for Newfoundland daylight savings time
bullet 3 hours for ADT
bullet 4 hours for EDT
bullet 5 hours for CDT
bullet 6 hours for MDT
bullet 7 hours for PDT
bullet 8 hours in AKDT (Alaska)
bullet 9 hours in ADT (Aleutian Islands)
bullet 10 hours in HST (Paradise, a.k.a. Hawaii) 6

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References used:

The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.

  1. "The Sun in the sky during the Spring and Fall Equinox in the Northern hemisphere," at:
  2. Jay Ryan, "Starman: Fall Equinox," at:
  3. "Find the equinoxes and solstices for a particular year," at
  4. "Equinox, Solstice & Cross-Quarter Moments," at:
  5. "Dates and Times of Equinoxes, Solstices, and Cross Quarter days," Hermetic Systems, at: They have a free trial program that works on years ending in "9." They sell a fully functional program for under US $10.00.
  6. Yisrayl Hawkins,"Ancient Pagan Religious Expression," at:
  7. Actually, this is not precisely true. The Earth wobbles like a decelerating top and completes one cycle in about 25,765 years. The interval of time is called a "Great Year" or "Platonic Year." This motion is called "precession of the equinoxes:"  As a result, the star to which the North Pole points changes down through the millennia. More details:

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Copyright 2002 to 2016 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Originally written: 2002-AUG-7
Latest update: 2016-SEP-02
Author: B.A. Robinson

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