Religious Tolerance logo

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in
Africa, The Middle East & Far East

Sources of additional information

horizontal rule

Sponsored link.

horizontal rule

Internet sources of FGM information:

bullet The Female Genital Cutting Education and Networking Project has brochures, a forum and many essays online. See: http://www.fgmnetwork.org/
bullet Afrol.com has a "Women and Gender" section that deals extensively with FGM. See: http://www.afrol.com/
bullet Rising Daughters Aware is an agency centered in California. "...the RDA provides free information and  services for FGM affected women, their physicians, other health care providers,  social workers, counselors and attorneys." See: http://www.fgm.org/  (This site appears to be offline, However it remains registered to a group in California and may be reactivated in the future).
bullet The Feminist Majority Foundation has a site called "Feminist News Stories on Female Genital Mutilation" which carries current news on FGM. See: http://www.feminist.org/ and use their search facility with the phrase "female genital mutilation"
bullet The Egyptian Task Force on FGM was formed in 1994 from a number of Egyptian non-governmental organizations (NGOs) See: http://www.ncpd.org.eg/ and use their search facility with the phrase "female genital mutilation"
bullet Library [email protected] Project has produced a video on FGM. See: http://librarymedia.org/

horizontal rule

Books and articles on FGM:

bullet "Female Genital Mutilation: A joint WHO/UNICEF/UNFPA statement," WHO, (1997). Read reviews or order this book safely from Amazon.com online book store
bullet Emmanuel Babatunde, "Women's rites versus women's rights: A study of circumcision among the Ketu Yoruba of South Western Nigeria," Africa World Press, (1998). Review/order this book
bullet Waris Dirie & Cathleen Miller, "Desert flower: The extraordinary journey of a desert nomad," William Morrow, (1998). Review/order this book
bullet Efua Dorkenoo, "Cutting the rose: Female Genital Mutilation: The practice and its prevention," Minority Rights Publications, (1995). Review/order this book
bullet Hanny Lightfoot-Klein, "Prisoners of ritual: An odyssey into female genital circumcision in Africa," Harrington Park Press, (1989). Review/order this book
bullet F. Kassindia, L. Bashir, "Do they hear you when you cry?" Delta, (1999). Review/order this book
bullet Alice Walker, et al., "Warrior marks: Female Genital Mutilation and the sexual blinding of women," Harvest Books, (1996) Review/order this book
bullet Alice Walker, "Possessing the secret of joy," Washington Square Press, (1997). Review/order this book

horizontal rule

Articles on FGM:

The African Women's Health Center, which is associated iwth Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston MA lists the following three papers on FGM:

bullet Nawal M. Nour, MD, MPH, "Female genital cutting: clinical and cultural guidelines," published 2004-APR in Obstet Gynecol Surv.
bullet "Female genital cutting: a need for reform," published 2003-MAY, in Obstet Gynecol Surv.
bullet Nawal M. Nour, MD, MPH, "Female circumcision and genital mutilation: a practical and sensitive approach," published 2000-MAR-01, in Contemporary OB/GYN.

horizontal rule

References to Male Circumcision

Removal of the penile foreskin is practiced among Muslims and Jews for religious reasons. It is also practiced widely in North America for traditional and medical reasons. There are Web sites which support and oppose this procedure. Two anti-circumcision home pages are:

bullet NOHARMM: National Organization to Halt the Abuse and Routine Mutilation of Males has a site at: http://noharmm.org
bullet CIRP: Circumcision Information Resource Pages is an information resource that leans towards non-circumcision. See: http://www.cirp.org/

One "pro circumcision" group is Circumcision Online News at:

bullet http://www.geocities.com/ They have many links to similar sites.

horizontal rule

See our news feed on women's issues. It shows 20 current news items, and is updated every 15 minutes.

horizontal rule

Site navigation: Home page > World Religions > Islam > here

horizontal rule

Copyright 1998 to 2006 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Originally written: 1998-MAR-13
Last update: 2006-MAR-25

Author: B.A. Robinson

line.gif (538 bytes)


horizontal rule

Go to the previous page, or return to the FGM menu, or choose:

Google
Web ReligiousTolerance.org

Go to home page  We would really appreciate your help

E-mail us about errors, etc.  Purchase a CD of this web site

FreeFind search, lists of new essays...  Having problems printing our essays?


Twitter link

Facebook icon

GooglePage Translator:

This page translator works on Firefox,
Opera, Chrome, and Safari browsers only

After translating, click on the "show
original" button at the top of this
page to restore page to English.

privacy policy