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Religious Tolerance logo

The religious freedom to discriminate against
transgender persons and many others in North Carolina:

Part 10

Democrat governor was elected.
Repeal of the Charlotte ordinance
and state law fails, amid a fury of
anger & mistrust.

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This topic is continued from the previous essay

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Dr. Camille Cabral

Dr. Camille Cabral is a MTF transsexual woman.
She was identified as a male at birth.

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Review of the North Carolina "Bathroom Bill HB2:"

As described in previous essays in this section, during early 2016, the city of Charlotte, NC, had expanded its human rights ordinance by passed an amendment to protect the LGBT community. Among other components of the city ordinance, it protected transgender persons who used public washroom that matched their gender identity. For example, it allowed a transgender person who was identified as male at birth and who now identifies as female -- like Dr. Cabral shown above -- to use a public washroom reserved for females. The NC Legislature reacted to this ordinance by passing an omnibus bill HB2, which has been referred to as the "bathroom bill." One part of the bill restricted access to public washrooms so that individuals could only use the facilities that match their birth-identified gender. Thus, if Dr. Cabral were to visit North Carolina, she would have to use a washroom reserved for men. One can imagine the furor and even violence that this law would cause if transgender adults followed it. The bill also allowed discrimination against many other groups in the state based on their race, sexual orientation, etc. However, the "bathroom" topic so fascinated the media that minimized discussion of the other discriminatory aspects of the bill.

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2016-NOV-08: The Republican governor fails to be re-elected; the Democratic candidate for governor wins:

Governor Pat McCrory (R) sought re-election on election day, NOV-08 . During October, polls regularly indicated that gubernatorial candidate Roy Cooper (D) would likely win. The economic pain and the cancellation of many sports events as a result of state law HB2 undoubtedly gave him a major boost.

The final vote was unusually close. Roy Cooper (D) received 2,281,155 votes. Pat McCrory, the incumbent, received 2,276,383 votes; the difference was less than 5,000 votes. 1

Two weeks after election day, Attorney General Roy Cooper had repeatedly declared himself the governor-elect and had "set up a web site to collect resumes for leadership positions in his administration." 2 However, incumbent Governor Pat McCrory was still challenging the results, claiming extensive election fraud.

Professor of political science, Steven Greene, at North Carolina State University concluded:

"There's nothing to suspect that Pat McCrory's supporters have been systematically disenfranchised." 2

McCrory's campaign manager, Russell Peck, said:

"With many outstanding votes yet to be counted for the first time, legal challenges, ballot protests, and voter fraud allegations, we must keep open the ability to allow the established recount process to ensure every legal vote is counted properly."

The incumbent's team alleged:

"... "an absentee ballot fraud scheme" and "hundreds of fraudulent Cooper ballots."

The team alleged that some voters impersonated dead people while others had voted in multiple states.

Professor Greene said that there was no expectaton that a recount might reverse the gap between Cooper and McCrory of 4,772 votes The gap was "... a much larger amount of error than we've seen" reversed in past recounts.

He said that such recounts tend to shift totals by a few hundred votes at most. Also, the errors are usually roughly equal for the two main candidates, and thus cancel each other out.

Governor Pat McCrory (R) finally conceded the election to Roy Cooper (D) on DEC-05, almost a month after the election. At the time, a recount had indicated that he had lost by 10,563 votes. He issued a gracious You Tube video, saying that it was:

"... time to celebrate our Democratic process [and respect] the ultimate outcome of the closest North Carolina race in modern history. Despite continued questions that should be answered regarding the voting process, I personally believe that the majority of our citizens have spoken, and we now should do everything we can to support the 75th governor of North Carolina, Roy Cooper." 3

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Economic damage to the state caused by the Bathroom Bill:

Forbes, a major business news and financial news source, estimates that negative reactions to North Carolina's "Bathroom Bill" within the state, in the rest of the U.S. and in the rest of the world cost the state over 630 million dollars during the eight months between 2016-MAR and 2016-OCT. They estimated that $255 million were lost in research, $197.4M in sports, $61M in entertainment, $58M in technology, 38M in tourism and $21 million in banking. 4

In addition, there are billions of dollars in federal funding to the state that remained at risk.

Shabab Mirza, of the Center for American Progress co-authored a report on the law. He summarized the conflict by stating:

"You can’t be pro-business and pro-discrimination at the same time." 4

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Governor-elect Roy Cooper attempted to work out a compromise on NC's "bathroom bill:"

He reached an agreement between Charlotte City and the state Legislature in which the city would repeal its ordinance and the state would repeal HB2, the omnibus bill that included a section on the use of bathrooms by transgender individuals. Outgoing Governor Pat McCrory (R) agreed to call a special legilsative session to vote on repealing HB2. This would return the legal situation to what it was during early 2016.

Unfortunately, the deal broke down. According to Life Site News, a conservative Christian web site, Charlotte City Council repealed only part of the ordinance. They left in place a requirement that state contractors must not discriminate on the basis of a potential employee's sexual orientation or gender identity. They also seemed to imply that the City intended to reinstate the full ordinance after the state repealed HB2. The Council had issued a statement saying:

"The City of Charlotte is deeply dedicated to protecting the rights of all people from discrimination and, with House Bill 2 repealed, will be able to pursue that priority for our community."

Meanwhile, members of the city council of Durham, NC issued a statement in which they promised to pass human rights ordinances protecting transgender individuals and transsexuals in their city as soon as HB2 was repealed by the state.

Many state legislators resisted repealing HB2 because of the two cities' plans.

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This topic continues in the next essay

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References used:

The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.

  1. "Overall 2016 North Carolina Governor Election Results,, 2016-NOV, at:
  2. Eliott C. McLaughlin, "N.C. governor wants recount, though signs point to Cooper win," CNN, 2016-NOV-22, at:
  3. Emma Margolin, "N.C. Gov. Pat McCrory Concedes Election to Democrat Roy Cooper," NBC News, 2016-DEC-07, at:
  4. Corinne Jurney, "North Carolina's 'Bathroom Bill' Has Flushed Away $600 Million In Business ...," Forbes, 2016-NOV-03, at:

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How you may have arrived here:

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Copyright © 2016 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Original posting: 2016-DEC-23
Latest update : 2016-DEC-23
Author: B.A. Robinson

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