Ulama: Learned scholars of Islamic law and jurisprudence.
Singular form: alim
Ummah: A Muslim word that means the community of nation of Muslim
Unbeliever: a person who does not believe in your particular religion,
denomination or religious tradition. Similar to infidel, but less judgmental.
Of course if a person of faith group "A" regards a person of
faith group "B" as an unbeliever, then the "Bs" would
probably also regard the "As" to be unbeliever.
This is the second of the The Five Points of
Calvinism: the belief that God decided
before he created the universe that certain people would be chosen to make
knowledgeable about himself. The rest would remain ignorant, be damned,
and spend eternity in Hell.
Unidentified Flying Objects: (acronym: UFOs). Objects seen
flying in the sky whose source and nature cannot be determined. Much of
the public believes that these are advanced space ships, perhaps
extraterrestrial. Some conservative Christians have speculated that these
ships are piloted by demons. A number of religions have been founded that
are based on beliefs that UFOs are piloted by an advanced civilization of
creatures who are trying to communicate with humans.
Unipersonality: The belief that Jesus had both a divine and a
human nature within his personality.
Unitarian: There are two distinct and
unrelated meanings for this term, which are often confused by
A monotheistic belief which was widespread in the early Christian movement, that
God is a unity, not a trinity. A series of church councils voted
in favor of the belief that God is a Trinity, composed of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Unitarianism then became a heresy and was suppressed.
A religious movement, the American Unitarian Association (AUA), which features a lack of dogma, a belief in the inherent goodness of people, and the obligation for each member to seek out and develop his or her own system of beliefs and ethics.
In North America, the AUA merged with the Universalist Church to form
the Unitarian Universalist Association They strongly
support human rights, personal freedoms and behavior choices.
UUA members have been accused of being anti-Christian. In fact, about
10% of the membership considers themselves to be Christian; the rest are
un-Christian but not anti-Christian. All promote the freedom of everyone
to follow their own religious beliefs.
Universal atonement: The belief that Jesus died for all humans,
and not just for the small minority of humans who are saved.
Derived from the Greek word apocatastasis,
which means "complete salvation". A Christian belief that everyone would
eventually reach heaven after death. It was promoted in the 2nd and early 3rd centuries of
the Christian church by Clement and Origen. Traditional Christianity has
taught that universalism is a heresy.
They believe that heaven
is reserved for a small minority of people, and that the vast majority will
go to Hell to be tortured for all eternity without mercy. Many Christian
individuals and denominations are drifting towards Universalism because an eternity in Hell
seem to many people to be incompatible with a loving, just deity.
A concept in Judaism that "God created the entire
universe as a single entity, that all people were created for a
common moral purpose, and that God chose the Jews to convey a
moral message to all humanity so that the redemption available to
all people through God might occur." 1
Universism: This is a progressive
natural philosophy which emphasizes the personal search for truth and
understanding of the universe. They have abandoned the rigid teachings of
organized religion in favor of relative truth, and acceptance of
apply personal reason and experience to the fundamental questions of human
existence, derive inspiration from the natural uncertainty of the human
state, and deny the validity of revelation, faith and dogma."
Unpardonable sin: Matthew 12:31-32 discusses a sin so serious
that a person committing it cannot be pardoned. Unfortunately, the passage
is ambiguous, and there have been many conflicting interpretations about
what exactly this sin is. A section of this web site describes 33 interpretations of what the unpardonable sin is... all different.
Upanishads: One of the holy texts of the Hindu religion.
Upsherin: A Yiddish word meaning to "shear off." It is a traditional
Jewish celebration of a boy's third birthday. This marks the beginning of his
formal education and his obligation to keep the commandments and perform mitzvot
Untermensch, Untermenschen: German for subhuman. Nazi category for Jews, Roma,
Usul: A required, foundational belief within Islam. One example
is the unity of God.
The following information source was used to prepare and update the above
essay. The hyperlink is not necessarily still active today.