Lesbian, gay and bisexual matters
History of the Gay Liberation Movement
and the "Homosexual Agenda"
||"If a bullet should enter my brain, let that bullet destroy
every closet door." Harvey Milk, a gay city politician, San
Francisco, on 1978-NOV-18. He was assassinated
nine days later, by a bullet.
||I [God] hate, I despise your
feasts, and I take no delight in your solemn assemblies...but let
justice roll down like the waters and righteousness like a mighty
stream." Amos 5:21-24, Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament).
Gay liberation during the first half of the 20th century:
Prior to World War II, there was a near consensus among mental health
professionals, human sexuality researchers, theologians and others that
homosexuality was a mental disorder which materialized as chosen, abnormal,
deviant, and unnatural sexual behavior. Same-sex behavior was criminalized
by laws in all states, most of which had existed without modifications since the colonial or Victorian eras. Homosexuals didn't really have
much of an agenda or a liberation movement in those days. Their prime
concern was to keep a very low profile -- in order to stay alive, and
avoid assaults by gay bashers. Their second main concern was try to hold onto a job in a
homophobic world where continued employment and accommodation usually
required them to remain deeply in the closet.
A series of developments occurred during the second half of the
20th century which led to the creation of a gay liberation movement. Some of the major
events leading toward equal rights for gays and lesbians are listed in the following essays.
Unfortunately, recording the most important developments ignores the tens of thousands of gays, lesbians,
bisexuals and transsexuals who tirelessly worked tirelessly to accomplish small,
incremental changes, without receiving much credit.
See major developments during the:
Joseph L. Casadonte Jr., "Harvey Milk: First openly gay official
elected in the US," at: http://www.northbound-train.com/
A "Timetable of Lesbian and Gay History" is available at: http://www.sbu.ac.uk/ It lists
mainly British gay and lesbian developments.
"Michael Swift: 'Gay Revolutionary'," at: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/pwh/swift1.html
Copyright © 2002 to 2011 by Ontario Consultants on Religious
Originally written: 2002-JUL-23
Latest update: 2011-APR-22
Author: B.A. Robinson
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