Fundamentalist Christians represent the conservative wing of
evangelical Christianity, which in turn represents the conservative wing
of Protestant Christianity. Many belong to denominations like the Southern Baptist Convention, theAssemblies of God or to independent, non-denominational congregations. They typically believe in the strict inerrancy
of the Bible and in historical Protestant beliefs. They interpret most biblical passages literally. They view the Bible
as the Word of God fully applicable to present day situations. Even though much of the Bible was written by authors in a pre-scientific tribal culture, fundamentalists believe that its passages on same-gender behavior are accurate because God preserved the authors from error.
Many believe that:
Whether a sexual act is a sin or not is largely defined by the act itself. e.g. all
homosexual activity is inherently sinful, irrespective of the
relationship between the two persons. Heterosexual activity is not
sinful if it is done within a marriage and is both consensual and safe .
Many biblical passages condemn all forms
of homosexual behaviors, by men or women, using inclusive terms such as "sodomite" or
"homosexual" to refer to both men and women.
God destroyed Sodom and its inhabitants because of their homosexual
activity. All the men in the town wanted to have sex with
the visiting angels who were male.
There are no loving, committed, consensual homosexual relationships described in the
Same-sex practices are uniquely offensive to
God. After all, the only time that God destroyed a city was Sodom
because of male citizens' homosexual sin. Homosexual behavior is
one of a small group of behaviors that will prevent a
person from attaining salvation and going to heaven. 1 Corinthians 6:9-10
says that "...neither...effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with
mankind...shall inherit the kingdom of God." Other English
translators substitute the term "homosexuals"
for "abusers of themselves with mankind."
1 Corinthians 6:11 implies
if gays and lesbians are truly saved,
God will remove their homosexual feelings and convert them into ex-gays. Thus, individuals who continue to
engage in homosexual activities have not actually been saved; all are destined for
hell after death. Others believe that gays and lesbians can change
their sexual orientation through reparative
counseling and prayer.
Some fundamentalist Christian organizations have invested heavily in
media advertisements which emphasize that the vast majority of gays
and lesbians can become ex-gays and leave the "homosexual lifestyle." In practice, this means that many bisexuals can be convinced through counseling to confine their relationships to persons of the opposite gender, and some homosexuals can be convinced to remain celibate.
Typical of fundamentalist denominations is the Assembies of God. Their General Presbytery adopted a report in 1979 and revised it in 2001. It states in part:
"Since the Bible does speak on the subject ofhomosexuality, it is imperative that the Church correctly understands and articulates the truth on this important contemporary issue. ... there is absolutely no affirmation of homosexual activity found anywhere in Scripture. Rather, the consistent sexual ideal in the Bible is chastity for those outside a monogamous heterosexual marriage and fidelity for those inside such a marriage. There is also abundant
evidence that homosexual behavior, along with illicit heterosexual behavior, is immoral and comes under
the judgment of God. ..."
"On the subject of homosexuality, both the Old and New Testaments speak with one voice. The moral prohibitions against homosexual behavior in the Old Testament are pointedly repeated in the New Testament. ... An unbiased study of these passages [Leviticus 18:22, Leviticus 20:13, Romans 1:25-27, 1 Corinthians 6:9-10, and 1 Timothy 1:9,10] makes it clear that Scripture consistently identifies homosexual behavior as sin. Not only do the Scriptures condemn more flagrant examples of homosexual violence and promiscuity, they also provide no support for the popular modern idea that loving and committed homosexual relationships between two long-term partners are morally acceptable. Homosexual activities of every kind are contrary to the moral commandments God has given us. ..."
"When people choose to engage in homosexual behavior, they depart from the God-given nature of sexuality. Their unnatural sexual behavior is a sin against God, who established the order of sexuality (Romans 1:27). And the social unit they seek to establish is contrary to the divine instruction for the man to leave father and mother and be 'united to his wife' (Genesis 2:24). ..."
"... wherever homosexuality occurs in the biblical record it is an occasion of scandal and judgment. Homosexuality is never viewed in a positive light. ..."
"The biblical writers make it clear that practicing homosexuals, along with sexually immoral heterosexuals and all other unrepentant sinners, will not inherit the kingdom of God (1 Corinthians 6:9,10). ... God’s plan of salvation is the same for all. The
homosexual who wants to be delivered from the penalty and power of sin must come to God in the same way all sinners must come to God, in the same way all who are now His children have come for
deliverance from their sins." 15
The statement referring to LGBs not inheriting "the kingdom of God" implies that all LGBs will spend eternity in the torture chambers of Hell without any hope of relief because of their behavior.
Evangelical Christianity is a broad tent and contains a range of
diverse beliefs. Most regard fundamentalism as representing the
conservative wing of evangelical Christianity, which in turn represents
the conservative wing of Protestant Christianity. Unfortunately, there are no
generally accepted, precise definitions for the terms "fundamentalist,"
and "evangelical," or "conservative Christian."
Thus, this section will necessarily remain somewhat vague.
Evangelicals, exclusive of the fundamentalist wing, also typically believe in the inerrancy
of the Bible, but with a number of qualifications. They believe in historical
Protestant beliefs, but have modified some of them. For example,
Many reject the historical view of Hell as a place of never-ending
physical torture; they often describe Hell as a place of separation from God.
Some have abandoned the historical view that all individuals who are
unsaved during their lifetime will go to Hell. They feel that sending
persons to Hell who have not had a chance to hear and accept the Gospel
is profoundly immoral. It would oppose the all-loving, beneficient attribute of God.
They feel that God has provided some mechanism by which people who have
not heard the Gospel can still be saved after their death, and attain
On homosexuality, many non-fundamentalist evangelicals have beliefs that are slightly more
liberal than those of fundamentalists. They believe that:
All homosexual activity is
inherently sinful, whether it is done by singles"hooking up" or by gays or lesbians
involved in committed relationships.
Homosexual behavior is unacceptable. A Barna Research poll conducted
in 2001-AUG showed that only
2% of evangelical Christians (including fundamentalists) regarded
homosexuality as "an acceptable lifestyle." (In contrast, the
general American population was evenly split on this matter at that time.) The poll
question is deeply flawed, because it can be interpreted in many ways.
But it does indicate the degree of opposition to the acceptance of
homosexuality as a normal and natural sexual orientation for a minority of adults, as believed by most psychiatrists, psychologists, human sexuality researchers, gays, lesbians, bisexuals, religious liberals, etc.
Many biblical passages condemn all forms
of homosexual behaviors, using inclusive terms such as "sodomite" or
"homosexual" to refer to both lesbians and gays.
Some refer to the many references to Sodom in the Bible as implying
that the inhabitants of Sodom were destroyed by God for their many
sinful behaviors, one of which was their homosexual
There are no committed, consensual homosexual relationships described in the
Some recognize that sexual orientations do exist and are either
fixed or nearly unchangeable for adults. Some even believe that people
can be "born gay." Some agree with human sexuality researchers
that three sexual
orientations exist -- heterosexual, homosexual, and bisexual.
Same-sex practices are very offensive to
God, but not uniquely so. Homosexual behavior is one of many
sinful behaviors, like assault, theft, murder, etc.
Some interpret 1 Corinthians 6:11, as
if gays and lesbians are truly saved,
God will help them change their behavior, perhaps by remaining celibate.