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Reconstructionist Judaism:

The Reconstructionist movement of Judaism is a small and very liberal group within the religion. It was founded in 1955. Their total membership is about 48,000 in North America. The Jewish Reconstructionist Federation (JRF) serves more than 100 affiliated congregations and groups. The Reconstructionist Rabbinical Association (RRA) is an association of their rabbis. The the Reconstructionist Rabbinical College (RRC) is their seminary. The College publishes The Reconstructionist, a journal of contemporary Jewish thought and practice.

They regard all restrictions on homosexuality in the Hebrew Scriptures to be null and void. They ordain homosexual Jews as rabbis and cantors. For many years, their Reconstructionist Rabbinical Association has supported  rabbis who chose to perform same-sex commitment ceremonies. The Jewish Reconstructionist Federation has stated that the "JRF opposes all forms of discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and actively supports legislation designed to prohibit such discrimination."

In 1993, the Reconstructionist Commission on Homosexuality issued a 42 page report titled: "Homosexuality and Judaism." It says in part: "We regard the Jewish values that affirm the inherent dignity, integrity and equality of human beings as having primacy over historically conditioned attitudes based on...texts that condemn homosexuality as an abomination. It is our duty to correct the misunderstandings and resulting injustice of the past and to fulfill the Jewish obligation to seek justice...." The report urged "all Reconstructionist affiliates, rabbis, and members of the Reconstructionist Rabbinical College community to engage in a process of education about the issues relating to Judaism and homosexuality." A book containing a series of eight workshops is also available.  1,2

Rabbi Lewis John Eron, Ph.D. of Cherry Hill, NJ concluded a sermon on homosexuality with the following: "In the Jewish community, as well as in religious communities throughout North America, people are re-examining traditional attitudes toward homosexuality. In the Jewish world we see a variety of approaches expressed by thoughtful and religiously committed people and supported by the various religious movements. However, when it comes to hatred and violence in general and to homophobia in particular, I believe that as a people we are unequivocal in our condemnation." 3

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Secular Judaism:

The Congress of Secular Jewish Organizations (CSJO) is a small Jewish group which blends Jewish culture with a secular lifestyle. 4 They passed a resolution in 1992 on sexual orientation. It states, in part:

"Respect for liberty governed by just laws, and the promotion of civil rights for all members of society are fundamental tenets of the philosophy of Secular Humanistic Judaism. Inherent in that liberty and those civil rights is the freedom to live in accord with one's personal dictates and desires as long as these do not infringe on the liberties and civil rights of others.

Sexual orientation, however determined, is a personal expression of one's own sexuality and a manifestation of one's own personhood and being. In a democratic society, where individual rights are paramount, no person should be deprived of dignity, self-respect and the freedom of individual self-expression on the basis of sexual orientation or any other basis within the rule of law.

It is in this spirit that the CSJO condemns discrimination against anyone because of his/her sexual orientation. To discriminate on the basis of sexual orientation contradicts the very premise upon which Secular Judaism is built.

We welcome into our ranks and into our leadership anyone whose aim it is to promote the well-being of the Secular Humanistic Jewish movement, regardless of that individual's gender or sexual orientation. In the same spirit, we call upon the entire Jewish community to open its doors and its leadership to all Jews." 5

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International body:

The World Congress of Gay and Lesbian Jewish Organizations (WCGLJO) was founded in 1980. It consists of 65 gay synagogues and organizations worldwide. The organization consists of "more than 65 member organizations in Argentina, Australia, Austria, Canada, France, Germany, Hungary, Israel, Mexico, The Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The World Congress holds conferences and workshops representing the interests of lesbian, gay, bisexual, & transgender Jews around the world. The focus of these sessions varies from regional, national, continental, to global." 6 Their "vision is an environment where Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Jews worldwide can enjoy free and fulfilling lives."

The Hebrew subtitle of the WCGLJO is "Keshet Ga'avah" "Rainbow of Pride"

They have applied for membership in the World Jewish Congress. In 1997-DEC they obtained a commitment from the WJC's European section to consider their membership. Lee Walzer, vice president of the WCGLJO commented: "Today, at a time when the wider Jewish community sees the way we reconnect Gay men and Lesbians with Judaism...I think they view us a lot differently." Their membership was rejected in 2002.

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  1. "Position Papers," at: http://www.jrf.org/pub/cat-papers.html
  2. Rabbi Robert Gluck, Ed., "Homosexuality and Judaism: A Reconstructionist Workshop Series," at: http://www.jrf.org/pub/cat-papers.html
  3. Rabbi Lewis John Eron, "The Sins of Sodom", 1999 at: http://www.jrf.org/
  4. "The Congress of Secular Jewish Organizations,"
  5. "Social Action Resolutions," Congress of Secular Jewish Organizations, at: http://www.csjo.org/soc_act.htm#orient
  6. Keshet Ga'avah -- The World Congress of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Jews: at: http://www.glbtjews.org/

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Site navigation: Home > Conflict > Homosexuality Religion > Gays > here

or: Home > World religionsJudaism > Gays > here

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Copyright 2000 to 2003 incl., by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Originally written: 2000-OCT-25
Latest update: 2003-AUG-4
Author: B.A. Robinson

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