Same-sex marriages (SSM) and civil partnerships
2014: Reactions to the failed third
attempt to attain marriage equality.
Polls indicate the mood of the public.
2014-APR: Reactions to the failed third attempt to attain marriage equality in Northern Ireland.
- Patrick Corrigan, program director for Amnesty International in Northern Ireland, said:
"States may not discriminate with regards to the right to marry and found a family on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity. "That obligation is clear in international law. This means that marriage should be available to same-sex couples in Northern Ireland, just as it is now in England and Wales and will shortly be in Scotland. ... With politicians continuing to block equality, it is now inevitable that same-sex couples in Northern Ireland will take a legal challenge on the basis of inferior treatment with regards to the right to marry and found a family." 1
- Webmaster's comment [Bias alert]:
With three out of three attempts having failed to proceed with marriage equality, it would seem that the courts are the best option now available to the LGBT community. Otherwise, couples will be denied the status, respect, and stability that is associated with marriage. Also, the UK would end up with couples changing status from married to not married just by crossing one of its internal borders.
With England, Wales and Scotland having achieved marriage equality, and with all other major English-speaking countries having done the same (except for Australia and parts of the United States) it seems inevitable that Northern Ireland will soon achieve marriage equality perhaps through the legislature or more likely via the judicial path which has proven to be very successful in the U.S.
What does the Northern Ireland public think of same-sex marriage?
Many public opinion polls have been conducted. They show a gradulal rise in the accepance of same-sex marriage:
- 1989: An unidentified poll found that 76% of Northern Ireland adults believed that same-sex relationships were "always wrong." 2
- 2012: The Northern Ireland Life & Times (NILT) poll found that only 28% of the public believed that such relationships were wrong. 2 The poll's sample size was 1,200 people. Thus, the Margin of Error would have been close to ±2.9% percentage points. That is, if the same poll had been repeated 20 times, the results would have been between 25 and 31% for 19 times out of the 20 tries.
- 2013-JUN-06: The Northern Ireland Life & Times conducted another poll, asking a specific question about same-sex marriage:
"Do you think marriages between same-sex couples should or should not be recognised by the law as valid, with the same rights as traditional marriages?"
Results were: 57% favored marriage equality; 32% were opposed; 11% were undecided or unresponsive. Northern Ireland by mid-2013 was ahead of the U.S. in terms of acceptance of SSM. As with polls in the U.S.:
- A larger percentage of women favored SSM when compared to men.
- A larger percentage of younger adults favored SSM when compared to seniors. This included support from 72% of young adults aged 18 to 24; and 74% of older adults 25 to 34.
- Greatest support came from those who were not religiously affiliated at 73%; Catholics were 65% and Protestants were 44% supportive. 3
- 2014-FEB-05 and later: The ISideWith web site conducts polls on the Internet to estimate public opinion. 4 They ran a poll for residents of Northern Ireland asking the question:
"Do you support the legalisation of same sex marriage?"
The polling opened on 2014-FEB-05 and was still collecting data on 2014-MAY-03. Results on the latter date were 76% in favor of marriage equality and 23% opposed to same-sex marriage. This polling agency filters out the votes coming from outside the country and also filters out duplicate votes. So it has considerably more credibility compared to the next poll.
- 2014-APR-29: The Belfast Telegraph conducted a poll of somewhat limited accuracy on their web site. They asked the question: "Should gay marriage be legalized in Northern Ireland?"
Results were: 78% favored marriage equality; 21% were opposed; 2% were undecided. 5 Unfortunately, there is no way to know whether those who vote were a truly random sample of the public. Also, Internet surfers who do not reside in Northern Ireland may have voted. However, their results are reasonably credible because they agree closely with the ISideWith poll.
Among those aged 16 to 34, support was 85%! Among females, support was 77%.
There was a noticeable faith-based split: 80% of Catholics and 60% of Protestants supported marriage equality.
There were also major differences with different political party affiliation: Support was 83% among the Alliance Party, 80% among Sinn Fein, 76% among SDLP, 62% among UUP and 50% among DUP.7
John O'Doherty, spokesperson for Love Equality -- a pro-LGBT non-profit agency in Northern Ireland, said:
"This poll demonstrates that not only is there overwhelming support for marriage equality in Northern Ireland, but that support is only increasing over time.
It is clear that the people of Northern Ireland agree with us that marriage equality is one of the defining civil rights issues of our time and that it should immediately be made law.
Those who continue to prevent marriage equality in Northern Ireland are not going to succeed. All they are doing before its inevitable introduction are merely enacting an injustice against their own citizens and worsening Northern Ireland's already abysmal reputation regarding LGBT rights." 6
The percentage of persons polled who oppose marriage equality dropped by 5 percentage points to 22%; the percentage who did not have an opinion or who refused to answer increased by 2 percentage points to 8%. That itself is an interesting development because it may demonstrate that a significant percentage of people are in the process of changing their minds and drifting towards support.
More news is inevitable, either in the form of a
fourth attempt to pass SSM legislation or a lawsuit.
Northern Ireland and Australia remain the only
two English speaking large countries in the world
that still don't have marriage equality laws.
The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above
menu. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.
- Henry McDonald, "Northern Ireland's block on gay marriage bill faces legal action," The Guardian, 2014-APR-29, at: http://www.theguardian.com/
- "Majority in Northern Ireland support same-sex marriages: survey," Belfast Telegraph, 2014-MAY-03, at: http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/
- Gary Spedding, "Poll: 57% of people in Northern Ireland now support equal marriage," Pink News, 2013-JUN-06, at: http://www.pinknews.co.uk/
- "Do you support the legalisation of same sex marriage?," ISideWith, 2014, at: http://uk.isidewith.com/
- "Stormont debate and vote on legalising gay marriage in Northern Ireland," Belfast Telegraph, 2014-MAY-03, at: http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/
- David Young, "Survey shows 70% support for same-sex marriages in Northern Ireland," Belfast Telegraph, 2016-JUN-29, at: http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/
- "Attitudes towards same-sex marriage in Northern Ireland," Ipsos MORI, 2016-JUN-29, at: https://www.ipsos-mori.com/
Copyright © 2014 to 2017 by Ontario Consultants on Religious
Originally written: 2014-MAY-03
Latest update: 2017-JAN-27
Author: B.A. Robinson