Homosexuality and bisexuality in the Mennonite churches
Censuring of congregations.
GLBT resources, books, etc.
Censure of the Germantown Mennonite Church:
A centuries-long tradition of the Mennonite Church has observed the autonomy and
religious freedom of the local congregations. However, the church found it
difficult to convince some congregation to expel those among their membership
who were in loving, committed same-sex relationships, civil unions, or marriages. When
reason failed, some regional conferences have resorted to force.
In 1995-APR, the Franconia Conference reduced the status of the Germantown
Mennonite Church of Philadelphia to that of associate, non-voting, member. The Conference
links together 50 Mennonite congregations in southeastern Pennsylvania. Their action was
in response to the church's continued welcoming of members in same-sex,
non-celibate faithful relationships. The congregation is located in northwest Philadelphia.
It is the oldest Mennonite Church in the US.
On 1997-APR-26, the moderator of the Conference conducted a straw vote to
determine whether the delegates were prepared to vote on the future status of Germantown
Church. 54% of the delegates said they were not ready. The church continued in its status
as an associate member. At the same meeting, by a majority vote, the conference decided to
not devote more effort to the topic of homosexuality and the church.
In Mennonite tradition, decisions are made in face-to-face settings. However, in 1997-OCT,
an unprecedented mail-in ballot was conducted. Delegates voted 178 to 40 to expel the
church formally from the regional conference. This action took effect in 1998. At
that time Pastor Richard Lichty's credentials were returned to the congregation. Lichty
commented: "It hurts. This is my church of birth, my church of choice. But the
church for a long time has been a follower of the general culture's fear of sexuality, and
this just plays into it." Germantown continued to maintain an affiliation
with the General Conference of the Mennonite Church where Lichty continued to be
Jim Lapp is the conference pastor for the Franconia Conference. According to CNN, he explained:
A heterosexual member of the congregation, commented:
"The Germantown church has received people into membership who are living in covenanted
relationships, and that became a point of disagreement with the membership of our conference. ... All
of this is the result of a long process and dialogue. It's the mood of our society, the way in
which the issue is headlined. It's in the public consciousness. Many more people are becoming aware
of it because homosexuals are more active and outspoken about their rights."
"Sure, we could have one of those situations where the homosexuals could come but never tell -- and
we would never ask or be open about it. Sure, we could just assume that they're celibate. But the
problem is we'd never make those requirements of [unmarried] heterosexual couples."
Joe Miller left the denomination as a teenager and later returned to the
Germantown church. He said:
"I learned a long time ago growing up as a Mennonite that I could either be a Mennonite or I could be gay, but
that I damn well couldn't be both. But this church [congregation] accepted me for who I
was and that's why I came here."
Other Mennonite "Congregations Under Censure"
A Geocities website listed a number of additional Mennonite congregations that
were been expelled or placed under discipline during the late 1980s and 1990s.
Unfortunately, with the demise of the Geocities service, it is no longer available and we cannot find any
of censured congregations on the Internet or in our library
||1988: Ames Mennonite Church, IA was expelled from Iowa-Nebraska Conference
||1997: Southside Fellowship in Elkhart, IN was placed under discipline by the
Indiana-Michigan Mennonite Conference for a two year period.
||1997: Assembly Mennonite Church, in Goshen IN is also under discipline
from the same conference for two years.
||1997: Oak Park Mennonite Church, IL (under discipline)
||1997: Maple Avenue Mennonite Church, IL (under discipline)
||1998: Atlanta Mennonite Fellowship, GA was expelled from the Southeast Mennonite Conference
||1999: Rainbow Mennonite Church in Kansas City, KS was expelled.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) support groups within Mennonite communities:
||The Brethren Mennonite Council for Lesbian and Gay Bisexual and
Transgender Concerns (BMC) was founded in 1976. Their stated objectives are:
||To provide support for Mennonite and Church of the Brethren gay, lesbian and bisexual people, their friends and families.
||To foster dialogue between gay and non-gay people in the churches.
||To provide accurate information about homosexuality from the social sciences, biblical studies, and theology. 2
They have an online newspaper "Outspoken," and a monthly newsletter "BMC NewsNet." They offer support to LGBT students and BMC local groups.
Supportive Communities Network (SCN) is a network of Mennonite and Church
of the Brethren churches, parent's groups, and communities who publically affirm
LGBT members. As of 2010-JAN, the network contains over 40 groups. Many more
communities accept gay, lesbian and bisexual persons as members, but have not
yet identified themselves as "Publicly Affirming." Among their
goals are "fostering dialogue within congregations, building a network of
congregations willing to accept lesbian, gay and bisexual members, and assisting lesbian,
gay and bisexual people in locating welcoming congregations."
||Welcome Committee is a group of Mennonites working to increase
dialogue on gay and lesbian inclusion. 3 It was
formed in 1998 during an informal meeting of parents and friends. They are the
sponsors of the Open Welcome letter published in the Mennonite Weekly Review for
2000-FEB-17. 4 They are preparing a resource book
that will promote the inclusion of LGBT persons in the church. They publish a
powerful series of booklets as "... a further call to the Mennonite Church to
walk with us in conversation and discernment..." 5|
||Connecting Families is a support network of Brethren and Mennonite
parents with lesbian, bisexual or gay children -- particularly children who are
in the process of coming out of the closet and/or going public with their sexual orientation within
the church. They maintain a confidential and non-judgmental atmosphere. They hold
an annual retreat and publish
an occasional newsletter. 6|
||MennoNeighbors, were formerly called Urban Ministers. They
are a Mennonite network providing "... mutual support and counsel to
individuals, congregations, church employees and others who are working to
proactively foster truth, love, justice and peace." Their general meeting
held during November in various U.S. locations. They maintain an
active online forum. 7|
"... supports the inclusion of LGBTQ individuals in
marriage, in ordination, and in the loving community of Christian fellowship
within the Mennonite Church. Pink Menno envisions the day when it becomes
irrelevant because the church is fully living out Christâs radical love toward
all people, especially toward those in the margins."
The group's two founders had a vision
at Christmas time in 2008. They were discussing how the 2009
convention in Columbus could be made a more open and welcoming place for LGBT people.
They envisioned a sea of people dressed in pink as a gentle, passive sign of support for sexual
Pink Menno plans to "... use
laughter, music, poetry, color, artwork, quilts, fun, film, food, books, and
whatever else is positive and uplifting to communicate our message." 8
Books about the LGBT dialogue: