Religious Tolerance logo

Reparative therapy


About the National Association for Research
and Therapy of Homosexuality (NARTH)

Sponsored link.



Reparative therapy is also known as conversion therapy or reorientation therapy.


NARTH personnel neither wrote nor approved of this essay.
It is part of the sexual orientation section of the Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance web site.


The National Association for Research & Therapy of Homosexuality is a small professional association of therapists who share an interest in the use of reparative therapy to convert clients' sexual orientation from homosexual to heterosexual. They promote beliefs about the causes of homosexual orientation and techniques to change sexual orientation which are not shared by other professional associations. However, their teachings are widely accepted among religious and social conservatives.

As of 2010, the long-range efficacy and safety of reparative therapy has not been studied and reported in a peer-reviewed journal. NARTH considers homosexual orientation to be a mental disorder, and strongly believes that reparative therapy are be both effective and safe. The other professional mental health associations, which are much larger than NARTH, have expressed concern about the safety and effectiveness of reparative therapy. They regard homosexual orientation to be one of the three normal and natural orientations.

horizontal line

Topics covered in this section:

Related essays on this web site:

bullet About reparative therapy:
bullet Reparative therapy menu
bullet Statements by:
bullet Professional associations
bullet Religious groups
bullet Studies of its safety and effectiveness
bullet Media advertisements by ex-gay groups
bullet About homosexuality:
bullet Homosexual menu
bullet Statements by professional groups"
bullet Beliefs of ex-gay ministries, etc

Copyright 1997 to 2018 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Latest update: 2018-JUL-07
Author: B.A. Robinson

line.gif (538 bytes)
Sponsored link.

Go to the previous page, or return to the reparative therapy menu, or choose:


Go to home page  We would really appreciate your help

E-mail us about errors, etc.  Purchase a CD of this web site

FreeFind search, lists of new essays...  Having problems printing our essays?

Twitter link

Facebook icon

GooglePage Translator:

This page translator works on Firefox,
Opera, Chrome, and Safari browsers only

After translating, click on the "show
original" button at the top of this
page to restore page to English.