The National Association for
& Therapy of Homosexuality
Beliefs, harassment felt, Policy, Conflict
NARTH, alone among professional mental health associations, promotes reparative therapy.
The following items are derived from three sources:
|NARTH's Statement of Policy.|
|A speech that Dr. Nicolosi gave to a OneByOne
meeting on 2000-JUN-26. 1 This is a group of
Presbyterian pastors and lay leaders that creates and supports local
church-based ministries to help gays and lesbians who are in conflict with
|A speech given at the "Love Won Out" conference in Nashville, TN on
|Homosexuality is probably the most misunderstood "sexual disorder."|
|Effective scientific study of homosexuality has been eroded by the gay/lesbian movement.
|Human sexuality researchers have been intimidated into silence by a conspiracy.
|"Social-activist groups...have portrayed sexual deviancy as an
normal way of life."
|Homosexuality is a developmental disorder, not a sexual identity. The
disorder is called "same-sex attraction disorder" or (SSAD).|
|"There is no such thing as a homosexual person. We are all
heterosexuals. Homosexuality is a description of a condition. It is
not a description of the intrinsic nature of the person."
|"Everyone is heterosexual. Some of you may have a homosexual problem. But
you are still a heterosexual. 'Homosexual' is simply a description of a
psychological disorder, prompted by an inner sense of emptiness. This, by the way, is non-religious, non-political information. This
is scientific information."|
|Homosexuality "works against society's essential male-female
design and family unit."|
||Homosexuality is caused by incompetent parenting and/or child sexual
|"The development of the male homosexual is basically
someone who did not develop that strong sense of masculine
identity and he is trying to fulfill that sense of masculine
deficit by connecting with a man. But the only way he knows how to
do it is sexually. What feels right and natural is the sex drive
that is being displaced onto a person of the same sex for
|Homosexuality is often caused by early sexual abuse.|
|Homosexuality is preventable in childhood and treatable in
|Most gays and lesbians can successfully convert to heterosexuality through reparative
Each of these beliefs totally contradict statements made by all
other professional mental health associations, all of which have much larger memberships than does NARTH.
Harassment felt by NARTH:
In 1994-AUG, a committee of the American Psychological Association (APA) considered a
professional ethics proposal. If adopted, they would have condemned as unethical any attempt by a
psychologist to change a person's sexual orientation. A psychologist who referred a
patient to a person or group which attempts to change individuals' sexual orientation
would also be considered as engaging in unethical behavior. A similar motion was
considered by the American Psychiatric Association. Neither was
NARTH believes in the effectiveness of reparative therapy. They view any such move as
harassment of many of their members. They also see it as a restriction on gays' and
lesbians' choice of treatment - a fundamental human rights concern.
NARTH believes that other forms of harassment exist:
|Some human sexuality researchers who promote sexual reorientation are not being funded.
|Postgraduate students are being discouraged from studying sexual reorientation.
|NARTH co-founder Benjamin Kaufman wrote that the APA and other professional
organizations had "totally stifled the scientific inquiry" that could
led to "a full and complete understanding of homosexuality."|
Statement of policy:
NARTH updated their Statement of Policy on 1999-FEB. Their new policy stresses
that homosexual behavior is not normal. It is viewed as a "failure to function
according to design."
They oppose homophobia, "social stigmatization and obstruction of the civil
rights of homosexuals." However, they do not support that most fundamental of
human rights, the right for a gay or lesbian to marry the person that
love and to whom they have made a lifelong commitment.
The Human Rights Campaign
reported in 1999 that NARTH President, Charles Socarides, had:
into trouble with the American Psychoanalytic Association (APsaA), of
which he is a member. According to a letter from Dr. Ralph Roughton of
the APsaA, Socarides misrepresented the position of the APsaA in a
published paper and a court affidavit. Socarides attempted to make it
appear that the APsaA agrees with his positions on homosexuality. He
did this by quoting an APsaA document written in 1968, which supported
his views and which he called the 'official position' of the APsaA,
while ignoring a 1990 revised statement that drastically contradicted
his views. The Executive Committee of the APsaA instructed the
organization's attorney to write a letter to Socarides asking him to
cease this misrepresentation and threatening legal action if he
continued. Additionally, the APsaA newsletter decided to stop printing
advertisements for NARTH meetings because the organization does not
adhere to APsaA's policy of non-discrimination 'and because their
activities are demeaning to our members who are gay and lesbian,'
according to Roughton." 7
The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above
essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.
- "Homosexuality starts as a developmental disorder that can end
with therapy," PCUSA NEWS, 2000-JUN-27; news release GA00064.
- Decca Aitkenhead, "Going straight," The Guardian newspaper, 2004-APR-03, at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/
- Kim Mills, "Mission impossible: Why reparative therapy and ex-gay
ministries fail," Human Rights Campaign, at: http://www.hrc.org/
Copyright © 1997 to 2010 by Ontario
Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Latest update: 2010-JUN-10
Author: B.A. Robinson