Statements of inclusivity;
General Synod resolutions.
UCC Statements of inclusivity:
In 1973, The United Church Coalition for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and
Transgender Concerns was formed. 1 In 1998-NOV, Rev. Paul H. Sherry, President
of the UCC, commented that the coalition "has been a prophetic presence
in our church, clarifying concerns, challenging stereotypes, providing leaders
for every setting of the church's life, gently and persistently changing hearts
and minds, providing a refuge for those who have suffered wounds of prejudice
and exclusion in church and society..." 2
In 1975, their General Synod passed a resolution in support of full civil
liberties and equal protection under the law to persons of all "affectional
or sexual preferences."
In 1977, the Church passed a resolution which "deplored the use of scripture to
generate hatred, and the violation of civil rights of gay and bisexual persons and called
upon individual members, local churches .... to continue to work for the enactment of
civil rights legislation at the federal, state, and local levels of government."
Ordination of active homosexuals was formally
accepted by the denomination in 1980. Its clergy are also free to bless same-sex unions. Local
associations of UCC congregations have the authority to decide on their own ordination policies. Some
associations, like Western North Carolina have gone on record as refusing to
consider any homosexual candidate for the ministry, regardless of her or his
Some congregations follow the homosexual-positive "Open and Affirming"
program. In 1985, the General Synod formally urged local churches to welcome gay and lesbian
members and advocate in their behalf against discrimination and persecution.
General Synod resolutions/pronouncements from 1991 to now:
The General Synod meets biannually, typically in mid-July.
1991: The General Synod called on the Virginia state legislature to repeal
its sodomy laws and to nullify other laws directed against sexual
1993: The Synod called on the church to take greater leadership to end
discrimination against gays and lesbians.
1997: The Synod considered a "fidelity
and chastity" resolution. This was similar to those
in many other Christian denominations. It would requiring members to be monogamous if married, and sexually
inactive otherwise. It's main intent was to deny the legitimacy of gay and lesbian
committed relationships, as well as those of heterosexuals living together without being married. The
Synod took "no action" on the resolution. A second resolution was
proposed and passed. Termed an "fidelity and integrity" resolution, it
reaffirms "that the standard for sexual and relational behavior for members of the
United Church of Christ is fidelity and integrity in marriage and in other covenanted
relationships, or singleness, and in all relationships of life." When compared to
the defeated fidelity and chastity proposal, it widens the standard to include both sexual
and non-sexual relationships: married couples, living together couples,
singles, gay, lesbian and heterosexual. It presumably also covers professional, work,
friendship, social, church, and other non-sexual relationships.
1999: At GS22, The Connecticut Conference of the United Church of Christ proposed a resolution
titled "Justice and Civil Rights for Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual Persons."
which asked the delegates to "reaffirm the historic commitment to justice and civil rights for all
persons including lesbian, gay and bisexual people." They asked that
the UCC work to defeat DOMA-type legislation at the state level, and to
support the Federal Employment Non-Discrimination
Act (ENDA). Finally, they asked that their congregations provide
"opportunities for open, honest and respectful
discussion within their Christian Education and youth programs of issues
pertaining to human sexuality, utilizing curricula such as 'Created In
God's Image...' " The UCC Executive Council recommended that the
resolution be referred directly to the appropriate agencies for
2001: Three congregations in Pennsylvania introduced a
resolution that would have the General Synod disavow a 1999 "Religious
Declaration on Sexual Morality , Justice and Healing" which was
published by SIECUS -- the Sexuality Information and Education
Council of the U.S. It was signed at the time by more than 2,000
Christian and Jewish leaders including UCC General Minister and
President John H. Thomas. According to the UCC web site, the
Pennsylvania resolution "asserts that President Thomas signed the
declaration 'on behalf of the United Church of Christ.' The SIECUS
website, however, says that the names of denominations or organizations
are used 'for identification purposes only.' " The resolution also asked
that the General Synod disavow the declaration's support for the
ordination of homosexuals and the blessing of same-sex committed unions. It was
not passed. 3
2005: A resolution to endorse same-sex
marriage was overwhelmingly approved by General Synod 25.
The resolution calls on its congregations to
consider wedding policies "that do not discriminate on couples based on
gender." They also ask its congregations to support changes in state
marriage legislation to give equal rights to same-sex couples. An alternative
resolution which would have defined marriage as being between one man and
one woman was rejected. 4 Some conservative congregations
are expected to leave the denomination because of this decision.