Same-sex marriages (SSM), civil unions, etc.
1993-2012. Ireland: Same-sex marriage
Timeline of events.
Polling data shows 75% support for SSM.
Timeline of events from 1993 to 2008:
2010: The Civil Partnership and Certain Rights and Obligations of Cohabitants Act, was passed:
This law allows same-sex couples aged 18 or above to enter into a civil partnership. This is similar to a domestic partnership in the U.S. It is missing many of the privileges, benefits and protections automatically given to married couples.
The first civil partnerships took place during 2011-Spring.
A pro-LGBT group called "Marriage Equality" identified 160 statutory deficiencies in civil partnerships which were available for married couples. The group wrote:
"The children of lesbian and gay parents are in legal limbo in Ireland. Under the Civil Partnership Act, there is no provision for adoption or guardianship of children who are being parented by same-sex couples. In addition, there are no provisions for custody, access, or maintenance payments for children.
Furthermore, a child's de facto parent may not be treated as next of kin in a hospital or school situation, because they are not recognised as a legal parent. ..."
"The fact is, banning same sex couples from civil marriage does not stop same sex couples from having children. All it does is stop these families from being recognised in Irish law, and therefore stops children from being protected." 6
It is hard to imagine a situation in which a parent and child from the same family are considered "legal strangers" by the law -- as roommates. That can only be a continuous source of concern for same-sex parents.
2012: Polling results and a new lawsuit to recognize out-of-country marriages:
2012-NOV: Millward Brown Landsdowne conducted a poll in late 2012 on behalf of Marriage Equality -- a LGBT-positive advocacy group in Ireland. It showed that a major increase in support for SSM among the public had occurred since a previous poll four years earlier.
The poll concluded that:
- 72% believed that denying civil marriage to same-sex couples is a form of discrimination.
- 71% favored an amendment to the laws to allow same-sex couples to marry.
- 75% said they would vote yes in a referendum to extend civil marriage to same-sex couples. 88% of young adults aged 18 to 24 said that they would vote yes. 5
These are remarkable values. In the U.S., only a bare majority of adults supported same-sex marriage back in 2012.
Moninne Griffith, director of Marriage Equality, said
"We are delighted [that] the upcoming Constitutional Convention has established a date for the issue of providing for marriage equality..." 5
"Public support for marriage equality has increased year on year. When we began our work in 2006, 51 percent of people believed same sex couples should be allowed to marry. That figure has grown 25 percent[age points] in just 6 years, to a full three quarters of the population today."
“People all over Ireland know that marriage equality is about truly Irish values like justice, equality, fairness, and respect for each other. This is our chance to do the right thing, and be leaders in the movement for marriage equality. The polling shows Irish people want this. Ireland is ready, with a strong majority of Irish people who think same sex couples should have the right to marry the person they love." 7
JUN-06: Dr. Ann Louise Gilligan and Senator Katherine Zappone launched a second lawsuit, again trying to have their Canadian marriage recognized in Ireland. They were being classified only as civil partners. 8 They were not successful
The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above
essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.
- Outline map of Ireland was supplied by D-maps.com. See: http://d-maps.com/pays.php?num_pay=198&lang=en Used by permission.
- Andrea Botha, "Irish Ruling on gay marriage," 2004-SEP-11, News24.com, at: http://www.news24.com/
- Liam Reid and Joe Humphreys, "Gay marriage under focus in review of family rights," The Irish Times, 2004-OCT-18, at: http://www.ireland.com/
- "Lesbian couple take case to Supreme Court," 2007-FEB-23, RT News, at: http://www.rte.ie/
- "Millward Brown (Lansdowne) Polling Highlights 2012," Marriage Equality, at: http://www.marriagequality.ie/
- "Marriage v Civil Partnership FAQs," Marriage Equality, at: http://www.marriagequality.ie/
- Brody Levesque, "Poll: Support for marriage equality in Ireland increases to 75 percent." LGBTQ NATION, 2013-JAN-30, at: http://www.lgbtqnation.com/
- "Countdown to KAL," Marriage Equality, at: http://www.marriagequality.ie/
Copyright © 2004 to 2014 by Ontario Consultants on Religious
Originally written: 2004
Latest update: 2014-MAY-05
Author: B.A. Robinson