These results are very different from an earlier poll conducted by Public Policy Polling during 2013-JAN-19. The PPP poll involved a larger sample and thus had a smaller margin of error at ±3.0 percentage points. It showed:
The reason for the discrepancy between the two polls is unknown. In the past, major differences in results have been caused by:
The cause of the difference in these two polls will probably remain a mystery.
If opposition to SSM exceeded support by 15 percentage points as the Star Tribune poll shows, then one would have expected that the referendum during 2012-NOV to ban SSM through a constitutional amendment would have passed comfortably. However, it failed by about 5 percentage points. Thus, we suspect that the PPP poll is probably more accurate.
Autumn Leva, spokesperson for Minnesota for Marriage -- the main group opposing marriage equality in the state -- apparently used the Star Tribune poll data just before the vote on the SSM bill in the House on 2013-MAY-09 to support her statement that:
It may be worth remembering that in matters related to fundamental human rights, courts and legislatures sometimes act to honor equal rights long before the public is ready and comfortable to do so. For example, in 1967, about 72% of the public was opposed to interracial marriage and 48% felt that marrying a person of another race should be prosecuted as a criminal act. That was the year when the U.S. Supreme Court legalized interracial marriage everywhere in the U.S.
2013-MAR-07: Anti-SSM rally at state Capitol:
2 Hundreds of people opposing SSM held a religiously motivated rally at the state Capitol. Some held a sign saying: "The legalization of homosexuality induce children to gay relationships." The meaning of their sign is not clear:
2013-MAR-12: Senate committee endorsed SSM bill:
After three hours of emotional testimony, the Senate Judiciary Committee passed the SSM bill on a strict party-line vote: 5 to 3. All the Democrats voted in favor of the bill; all the Republicans voted against it. This voting behavior has occurred in other states in recent months. It certainly does make it easier for political commentators to predict the future outcome of bills being considered by the Legislature; they need only to count the number of Democrats and Republicans in the House or Senate to estimate the final vote.
Senator Scott Dibble (D) said that he is "reasonably confident" that his bill can be approved by the full Senate.
Senator Dan Hall said that for a person to get married doesn't make them any more or less valuable in society. He said that the definition of marriage should be left up to God. Considering that the vast majority of adults in Minnesota identify with the Jewish, Christian or Muslim religion, perhaps a more accurate statement would have been that it should be left up to theologians' interpretation of the Bible's statements about marriage. Unfortunately, such interpretations by educated, thoughtful, sincere, intelligent theologians vary from strong support among liberal and progressive Christians to strong opposition among conservative Christians. 3
The Human Rights Campaign's blog stated: "It was an incredible scene with overflow crowds filling viewing areas around the state Capitol..." 4
Sarah Warbelow, State Legislative Director of the Human Rights Campaign, a group favoring same-sex marriage, testified in favor of the bill, When interviewed by 429 Magazine, she said:
Richard Carlborm, a campaign manager for Minnesota United said:
His comment is supported by the recent defeat of the proposed constitutional amendment mentioned previously. The Public Policy Polling poll also indicated a small margin of support for SSM. However, the Star Tribune poll described above indicates the opposite.
A substantial percentage of evangelical Christians, Republicans, and senior citizens sincerely wish the opposite. We suspect that much of their desire to restrict the rights of lesbians, gays and bisexuals is their belief that persons with a minority sexual orientation make a conscious choice to become sexually active with persons of the same gender, and that they can convert back to heterosexuality with some effort. Other factors may include a concern that God might punish the people of Minnesota with a natural disaster because of his disapproval of marriage equality, and a genuine concern for the fate of sexually active homosexuals after death in Hell. Many religious conservatives interpret a group of "clobber" passages in the New Testament as implying that persons who are sexually active with members of the same sex will spend eternity in the torture chambers of Hell.
This topic continues in the next essay
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