2017-JUL/AUG: Impact on Trump's Ban
of Transgender Military Service members.
Public opinion polls.
TRANS MILITARY MEMBERS
FIGHTING FOR OUR FREEDOMS
COST 1/1000 OF A PERCENT
OF ANNUAL DOD SPENDING.
SO WHAT IS THIS REALLY ABOUT?
Text of a sign held by pro-equality demonstrator
reacting to the military transgender ban.
Impact of Trump's ban on transgender military service members:
Dana White, chief spokesperson for Defense Secretary Jim Mattis, said:
"The Department of Defense is awaiting formal guidance from the White House as a follow-up to the Commander-in-Chief's announcement on military service by transgender personnel. We will provide detailed guidance to the Department in the near future for how this policy change will be implemented. ... The Department will continue to focus on our mission of defending our nation and on-going operations against our foes, while ensuring all service members are treated with respect," she added." 1
Matt Thorn, the executive director of OutServe-SLDN -- an advocacy group for sexual minorities in the military -- said:
"There are so many questions. It’s unprecedented. DoD has never reversed itself on a major policy like this. ... I just don’t see ... [Defense Secretary Mattis] being vicious on this. If he’s forced by the president do to this, I think he’ll be as methodical as possible and will tread very carefully."
Over the previous seven decades, the military has ended discrimination against multiple groups, first integrating blacks and whites, then women, and now transgender persons. In each case, they led much of the rest of the country. But now, just as trans individuals are receiving a lot of attention and support, President Trump has ordered the military to reverse themselves, and reinstate discrimination.
Professor Tobias Wolff, at the University of Pennsylvania Law School said:
"The chairman of the joint chiefs is respecting the rule of law and the role of the secretary of Defense, and he is protecting commanders in the field from having good order and discipline undermined. General Dunford should never have been put in this position. It is a reflection of the crisis we now face with this increasingly unstable and reckless individual occupying the presidency." 1
Dr. Christine McGinn is herself trans and was a former Navy surgeon. She has decided to perform free gender-conforming surgery for the trans service members in her backlog list of gender conformation operations . She said:
"If the commander-in-chief won't take care of our veterans, our veterans will." 2
Until matters are resolved, there are going to be thousands of distracted transgender service members who are preoccupied with being discharged. That is a scary state for military service members to be in, and will certainly detract from their mission assignments.
National polling data:
2017-JUL-26 to 28: A three-day poll of U.S. among 1,249 randomly selected U.S. adults was conducted by Reuters/Ipsos. The poll started on the day of President Trump's tweets on transgender service members. They found that:
58% agreed with the statement "Transgender people should be allowed to serve in the military."
15% had no opinion or refused to respond.
As expected, a majority of Republicans opposed transgender persons in the military while Democrats strongly supported them.
2017-AUG-03:Quinnipiac University announced results of its poll of 1,125 voters. Presumably, by the time this poll was conducted, U.S. adults had much more exposure to the topic compared to the earlier Reuters/Ipsos poll and had a more settled opinion. They found that:
68% agreed with the statement "Transgender people should be allowed to serve in the military."
5% had no opinion or refused to respond -- an unusually small percentage.
Again, Republicans opposed transgender persons in the military while Democrats very strongly supported them.
Comparing the results of the two polls, it seems that on the order 10% of the public quickly altered their opinion about transgender members of the military from "don't know" to "positive" as a result of President Trump's ban.
They also felt by a margin of 89% to 8% that it should be illegal for employers to discriminate against trans employees.
Tim Malloy, assistant director of the Quinnipiac University Poll said that transgender members of the military:
"... put on uniforms and face the same risks as their brothers and sisters in arms for little reward other than protecting their country. Voters say a soldier is a soldier, no matter what his/her gender identity is. "Voters say, 'Let them serve'." 4
2017-AUG-09 to 10: Public Policy Polling (PPP) conducted a survey of 948 voters on behalf of the veteran group VoteVets. They asked whether "we should remove all transgender troops from the military." They found that:
68% agreed more with the statement "... that if someone can do the job, they should be able to serve."
Among women, this was 72%; among men, it was 66%.
22% agreed more with the statement "... that we should remove all transgender troops from the military."
Among women, this was 16%; among men, it was 29%.
8% had no opinion or refused to respond -- an unusually small percentage.
2017-AUG-11: VoteVets is a large non-profit organization that focuses on matters of interest to veterans. They conducted a poll of almost 1,000 voters and found that 69% believed that a transgender service member should be allowed to remain in the military if they can do their job.
"Only 22 percent said that 'we should remove all transgender troops from the military'." Among Republicans, this value rose to 48%. 6
The margin of error of these data was slightly greater than ~+mn~3 percentage points.
Vote Vets tweeted: "There's NO reason for a transgender ban. Military isn't asking for it. Americans don't want it. This is about Trump embrace of hate. Period." 6
Webmaster's comment [bias alert]:
These data are amazing. In comparison, homosexuality became a high profile news item in the early 1950's when the results of the first comprehensive scientific study of gays and lesbians were released. It took almost seven decades before support for same-sex marriage reached 60% in the U.S. News items about transgender individuals only reached a high profile in mid 2015. Now, only two years later, support for transgender persons in the military is approaching 70%!
2017-AUG: Status of multiple lawsuits against the transgender ban:
On AUG-24 Graham Lanktree, wrote for Newsweek in an article titled: "Trump’s Transgender Military Ban Memo Shows His 'Embrace of Hate,' He said:
"A lawsuit filed by GLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders (GLAD) and the National Center for Lesbian Rights (NCLR), calls the ban unconstitutional. The suit represents five plaintiffs from the Air Force, Coast Guard and Army. ..."
"The American Civil Liberties Unionhas said it plans to launch a lawsuit against the ban. ..."
"The ban, they said in a past statement, 'is an outrageous and desperate action. The thousands of transgender service members serving on the front lines for this country deserve better than a commander-in-chief who rejects their basic humanity'." 7
President Trump is expected to issue a memo to the Pentagon, perhaps by the end of August, on how to implement his ban on transgender service members. 7 A photo in the article shows a woman holding a sign saying:
'Trans military members fighting for our freedoms cost 1/1000 of a percent of annual DOD spending. So what is this [ban] really about??" 8
Other articles in this series on transgender persons in the U.S. military:
The above article is Part 5 in a series of articles on transgender persons in the U.S. military. Previous essays are:
Part 1: 2011/2012: Overview. Support. Current military policies. Care for veterans.
Part 2: 2016: Previous ends to discrimination by the military. Pentagon announces an end to discrimination against transgender members. Negative reactions.
Part 3: 2016: More negative reactions to the ending of discrimination. Positive reactions.
Part 4:2016: President Trump's ban on transgender persons in the military
Part 5:2017: Trump bans transgender military service membersvia tweets. Federal court blocks the move.
Part 7:2017-JUL/AUG: Impact on Trump's Ban.
Public opinion polls.
Court cases. Cost calculations.
A helpful list:
The Toronto Star has a list of false claims made by President Trump. At the end of his first six months in office, the list totals 447 false claims. They average 2.4 per day. At this rate he will accumulate over 3,500 false claims by the end of his first term in office. Daniel Dale, writing for the Star, commented:
"... Trump has proven uniquely willing to lie, exaggerate and mislead. By all expert accounts, he is more frequently inaccurate than any of his predecessors." 9
The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.
Bryan Bender & Jacqueline Klimas, "Pentagon takes no steps to enforce Trump's transgender ban," Politico, 2017-JUL-27, at: http://www.politico.com/
Alexandra King, "Ex-Navy doc vows free surgery for transgender military patients," CNN, 2017-JUL-29, at: http://www.cnn.com/
Chris Kahn, "Exclusive: Majority of Americans support transgender military service - poll," Reuters, 2017-JUL-28, at: https://www.reuters.com/