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1994 to now: The rise in Islamophobia:
hate speech & violence against Muslims,
mainly in the U.S.

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Conflicting quotations:

  • "Jim Jones, David Koresh and Meir Kahane do not typify Christianity and Judaism in the eyes of the civilized West, but those same eyes are prone to see Osama bin Laden and Mullah Muhammad Omar as typifying Islam," Richard Bulliet. 1

  • "Radical Islam is the problem; moderate Islam is the solution." Daniel Pipes 2

  • "The plain fact is there is no moderate Islam and no moderate Muslim." Jaladhi 3


We define "Islamophobia" as

"Fear and/or hatred of Muslims, or of the religion of Islam, and/or a desire to limit the civil liberties of Muslims."

In our glossary of religious and spiritual terms, we note that Islamophobia:

"... is often exhibited by a person attributing the actions of a few extreme, violent, fundamentalist Muslim terrorists to the entire population of Muslims or to the religion of Islam."

This section discusses Islamophobia starting before the 9/11 terrorist attack on New York City and Washington and continuing until the present time.

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Topics included in this section:

References used:

The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.

  1. Richard Bulliet, "The case for Islamo-Christian civilization," Columbia University Press, (2004). Read reviews or order this book safely from online book store
  2. Richard Handler, "Islam's angry women," Canadian Broadcasting Corp., 2010-JAN-12, at:
  3. Jaladhi, "There is no moderate Islam - only a figment of imagination and pipe dream!!!," 2010-SEP-08, at:

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Copyright 1995 to 2019 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Last update: 2019-FEB-25
Author: B. A. Robinson

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