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Cannabis, marijuana, pot, etc.

Cannabis laws and regulations;
international, U.S. and Canada
:

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International status of cannabis:

The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs (1961) is the "... international treaty against illicit manufacture and trafficking of narcotic drugs." It include cannabis. 1

Article 2 of the convention states that countries that are party to the convention shall:

"... if in its opinion the prevailing conditions in its country render it the most appropriate means of protecting the public health and welfare, prohibit the production, manufacture, export and import of, trade in, possession or use of any such drug except for amounts which may be necessary for medical and scientific research only, including clinical trials therewith to be conducted under or subject to the direct supervision and control of the Party." 2

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Cannabis laws in the U.S.:

According to Wikipedia:

bullet There are 11 states have laws in place that allow the medical use of marijuana. In addition, Maryland has a law on the books that makes the possession of medical cannabis subject only to a fine of up to $100.00.
bullet Eleven states have decriminalization laws.
bullet However a U.S. Supreme Court decision, Gonzales v. Raich, in 2005-JUN ruled that Congress has the right to outlaw the use of medical marijuana. Thus even if an individual is in a state that allows the use of marijuana under some circumstances, users are still subject to federal prosecution. 2

     States with medical cannabis laws

     States with decriminalization laws

States with both

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has concluded that:

bullet Marijuana is a dangerous, addictive drug that poses significant health threats to users.
bullet Marijuana has no medical value that can't be met more effectively by legal drugs.
bullet Marijuana users are far more likely to use other drugs like cocaine and heroin than non-marijuana users.
bullet Drug legalizers use "medical marijuana" as red herring in effort to advocate broader legalization of drug use. 3

The first two conclusions are rejected by many -- perhaps most or almost all -- users of medical marijuana.

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Cannabis laws in Canada:

Although Marijuana remained a controlled substance in Canada until 2018-OCT-17:

  "Health Canada grants access to marihuana for medical use to those who are suffering from grave and debilitating illnesses." 4

These include relief of certain symptoms of multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, spinal cord disease, cancer, HIV/AIDS, severe forms of arthritis and epilepsy. Additional disorders and diseases are considered for individual patients, "... if a specialist confirms the diagnosis and that conventional treatments have failed or judged inappropriate to relieve symptoms of the medical condition." A patient can apply for permission to grow marijuana for personal use or to have someone grow it for them. 5

In 2005-APR, Health Canada approved the use of Sativex under prescription use for the relief of spasticity in multiple sclerosis, Later, it was approved for the relief of pain caused by cancer. Sativex contains two active ingredients: tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). It is derived from the cannabis plant. 6

On 2018-JUN-18, the Canadian Senate voted 52-29 to pass Bill C-45 to legalize marijuana.

Monique Scotti, writing for Global News, said:

"The government’s desire to see home grown marijuana permitted across Canada eventually prevailed, and a proposal from the Senate to allow provinces and territories to ban them has been stripped from the final bill."

Senator Tony Dean (I) said:

"We have witnessed today a very historic vote that ends 90 years of prohibition, that’s historic. It ends 90 years of needless criminalization; it ends a prohibition model that inhibited and discouraged public health, and community health approaches in favour of ‘just say no.’ Approaches that simply failed our young people miserably."

Senator Leo Housakos (Conservative) was concerned about impact that legalization wouldhave on youth:

"This bill does not do what the overarching goal says it does, which is to reduce the marijuana use among young people. The message for me is be very cautious, just because it’s legal doesn’t make it right. Educate yourself, and take cautious steps because what you do today will invariably have an impact on your life for years to come."

The bill now moves to royal assent, which is normally routine.

A second bill C-36 covers drug-impaired driving. Some Senators argued against allowing police officers to perform random breath tests of drivers, without first having any reasonable suspicion of suspicion of impairment. The Senate removed that provision and sent C-36 back to the House of Commons.

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References used:

The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.

  1. "Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs," Wikipedia, updated 2007-AUG-15, at: http://en.wikipedia.org/
  2. "Legal and medical status of cannabis," Wikipedia, updated 2007-AUR-27, at: http://en.wikipedia.org/
  3. "Exposing the Myth of Smoked Medical Marijuana: Marijuana: The Facts," U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, undated, at: http://www.usdoj.gov/
  4. "About Medical Marihuana," Health Canada, at: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/
  5. "FAQ - Medical Use of Marihuana," Health Canada, at: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/
  6. "Sativex," Wikipedia, updated  2007-SEP-04, at: http://en.wikipedia.org/
  7. Monique Scotti, "Marijuana legalization Bill C-45 officially passes Senate vote, heading for royal assent," Global News, 2018-JUN-19, at: https://globalnews.ca/

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Site navigation:

Home page > Morality / ethics menu > Marijuana availability > here

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Health information provided in this section is intended for general information only.
It should not be construed as medical advice.
Consult your personal health professional for advice relating to a medical problem.

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Copyright 2007 to 2018 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Originally written: 2007-SEP-07
Latest update: 2018-SEP-20
Author: B.A. Robinson

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References used:

The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.

The following information source was used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlink is not necessarily still active today.

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Copyright 2018 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance 
Latest update: 2018-AUG-
Author: B.A. Robinson


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