A negative aspect of religious freedom
"religious freedom of belief"
"religious freedom to control, discriminate
denigrate and/or oppress others"
of the Golden Rule.
Some noteable quotations related to the Golden Rule:
- Maya Angelou (author, poet, civil rights activist): "... equal rights, fair play, justice, are all like the air: we all have it, or none of us has it. That is the truth of it."
- Dana Arcuri (author): "Our job on earth isn't to criticize, reject, or judge. Our purpose is to offer a helping hand, compassion, and mercy. We are to do unto others as we hope they would do unto us."
- Alexandra Katehakis (therapist): "If your actions were to boomerang back on you instantly, would you still act the same? Doing to others an act you’d rather not have done to you reveals a powerful internal conflict."
- Brennan Manning (author): "How I treat a brother or sister from day to day, how I react to the sin-scarred wino on the street, how I respond to interruptions from people I dislike, how I deal with normal people in their normal confusion on a normal day may be a better indication of my reverence for life than the antiabortion sticker on the bumper of my car."
- Steve Shallenberger (author): "Replacing rudeness and impatience with the Golden Rule may not change the world, but it will change your world and your relationships."
- Socrates (philosopher): "Do not do to others what angers you if done to you by others."
- George Takei (actor): "If you have to make laws to hurt a group of people just to prove your morals and faith, then you have no true morals or faith to prove."
The transition from religious freedom of belief to religious freedom to hurt others:
we noticed a radical drift in the definition of both "religious freedom" and its near-synonym "religious liberty:"
- FROM the historical meaning: the freedom of religious belief, speech, practice, assembly, and proselytizing by believers. At the time, attacks on personal religious freedom typically:
- Involved governments or larger faith groups as perpetrators, and
- Involved smaller faith groups or individuals as victims.
- TO the new freedom sought by some faith groups or believers to oppress or denigrate
others, to discriminate against them, and/or to mount political campaigns to deny
them equal rights. These attacks on religious freedom typically:
Religious freedom once referred mostly to the believers' right to express religious ideas and to engage in religious
practices. Now it is becoming mostly
about the freedom for individuals and religious groups to take actions that discriminate against others by limiting other people's human rights and freedoms, without incurring negative consequences themselves.
The terms "religious freedom" and "religious liberty" have been turned on their head, and few seem to have noticed.
People who exercise their religious freedom to discriminate rarely connect their actions to Jesus' words in two Gospels -- Matthew and Luke -- where he commands his followers to obey what is now called the Golden Rule:
We are to do unto others as we hope they would do unto us in return.
This fundamental moral precept is found in all of the major religions in the world and in many philosophical writings.
Topics covered in this section:
Scope and meaning of the terms "religious freedom" and "religious liberty"
- Two contrasting meanings of the term "religious freedom:" The freedom of belief vs. the freedom to discriminate:
Years 2010 until now: The new "religious freedom to discriminate" laws in various states.
Some of the following links are to essays that describe new "religious freedom to discriminate" bills in various states. Others describe owners of for-profit businesses who have:
because they have refused goods and/or services to customers because of the owner's deeply held and sincere religious beliefs:
- Run afoul of existing state or municipal human rights laws, and
- Violated the Golden Rule,
- Year 2010: Federal hate crime and employment discrimination bills. Transit ads in Toronto.
- Year 2011: An Apple app; Ontario Catholic schools. Kansas House passes bill.
- Year 2012: New Hampshire: Catholic Church and HHS birth control mandate. Hawaii: Civil unions.
- Year 2013: Arizona: Part 1: House passes discrimination bill.
- Year 2014:
- Part 1: Kansas: Second try. Fails again in the Senate.
- Part 2: Tennessee House passes discrimination bill; Senate delays it.
- Part 2: Arizona Legislature passes discrimination bill. Reactions. Is Arizona's SB 1062 bill really needed?
- Part 3: More reactions to Arizona's bill. Again, is it really needed?
- Part 4: Massive opposition & some support for bill SB 1062
- Part 5: Opposition & support continues
- Part 6: Arizona Governor vetoes "license to discriminate" bill SB 1062 bill!
- Part 7: Review of other states' anti-gay legislation. What groups are generating these bills?
- Part 8: Three factors that are rarely considered in this type of legislation
- Part 9: Mississippi "Religious freedom bill SB 2681" (aka "License to Discriminate" and "Turn Away
- Part 10: Quotes. House Committee passed revised version of Mississippi religious freedom bill SB 2681. Webmaster's note. Bill signed into law
- Part 11: Details about SB 2681, the Mississippi religious freedom bill: Reactions
- Part 12: More reactions to SB 2681, the Mississippi religious freedom bill
- Part 13: More instances of discrimination by public accommodations
- Year 2016:
Many dozens of "religious freedom to discriminate and denigrate" bills were filed in many U.S. states. There are too many for us to handle thoroughly. We have elected to select only a few typical "freedom to hate and denigrate" bills below:
- New York State: 2016-JAN: A "freedom-to-discriminate" court ruling in upstate New York
State found in favor of a married same-sex couple. Part 1 Part 2 Part 3
- Tennessee: 2016-JAN: A state law was passed to allow counselors, therapists, and mental health professionals to refuse service to LGBT people, atheists, divorced people, literally anyone, by simply claiming that it violates their "sincerely held religious beliefs." Signed into law in late April. Part 1 Part 2 Part 3
- North Carolina: 2016-FEB: The City of Charlotte amended its human rights law to include protection for the transgender community; State kills ordinance with a law that also wipes out protection for persons discriminated against on the basis of their religion, skin color, race, gender. etc. Few noticed. Part 1 Part 2
- Georgia: 2016-MAR: Religious liberty to discriminate bills: Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6 Part 7 Part 8
Other aspects of the religious freedom to discriminate:
Details of specific cases exercising the freedom to discriminate against others:
"Increasingly, conservative religious groups are using religious liberty as a sword to lash out at others. In this forcefully argued defense of the separation of church and state, Robert Boston makes it clear that the religious freedom guaranteed in the First Amendment is an individual right, the right of personal conscience, not a license allowing religious organizations to discriminate against and control others. The book examines the controversy over birth control, same-sex marriage, religion in public schools, the intersection of faith and politics, and the 'war on Christmas,' among other topics.
Boston concludes with a series of recommendations for resolving clashes between religious liberty claims and individual rights."
The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above
essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.
- "Using Religion to Discriminate," ACLU, at: https://www.aclu.org/
- Shadee Ashtari, "Kansas State House Passes Bill Allowing Refusal Of Services To Same-Sex Couples," 2014-FEB-12, at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/
- Chas Sisk, "TN lawmakers drop wedding vendors bill," The Tennessean, 2014-FEB-18, at: http://www.tennessean.com/
- Paul Guequierre, "New Extreme Cincinnati Archdiocese Teacher Contract Takes Anti-LGBT Discrimination to a New Level," Human Rights Campaign, 2014-MAR-18, at: http://www.hrc.org/
Copyright © 2009 t0 2016 by Ontario Consultants on
Originally written: 2009-DEC-08
Latest update: 2016-AOR-25
Author: B.A. Robinson