The British North America Acts were a series of laws passed by the UK
parliament between 1867 and 1975. Their main function was to create the Dominion
of Canada as a self-governing colony that later morphed into an independent country
with its own independent constitution, flag, and governmental system.
One topic covered in these acts was the creation of two school systems funded
by the provinces of Upper and Lower Canada -- now called Ontario and Quebec. One
system in each province was Roman Catholic and was operated by the church; the other
was Protestant and operated by the government. During the
20th century, the Protestant school system gradually became secular.
Over time, various provinces developed their own unique financial
arrangements ranging from zero to full funding of religious schools. A trend
started on the east coast and appears to be moving westward in which government
funding is being removed from all religious schools, leaving only the public
system supported by the government. Those separate religious schools that remain
are funded by the churches and parents.