About this site
About us
Our beliefs
Your first visit?
Contact us
External links
Good books
Visitor essays
Our forum
New essays
Other site features
Buy a CD
Vital notes

World religions
Who is a Christian?
Shared beliefs
Handle change
Bible topics
Bible inerrancy
Bible harmony
Interpret Bible
Beliefs, creeds
Da Vinci code
Revelation, 666
Other religions
Other spirituality
Cults and NRMs
Comparing religions

About all religions
Important topics
Basic information
Gods & Goddesses
Handle change
Confusing terms
World's end
One true religion?
Seasonal topics
Science v. Religion
More info.

Absolute truth

Attaining peace
Religious tolerance
Religious hatred
Religious conflict
Religious violence

"Hot" topics
Very hot topics
Ten commandm'ts
Assisted suicide
Death penalty
Equal rights - gays & bi's
Gay marriage
Origins of the species
Sex & gender
Spanking kids
Stem cells
Other topics

Laws and news
Religious laws
Religious news


Religious Tolerance logo



horizontal rule

Sponsored link.

horizontal rule


The quotations shown below may not be representative of the beliefs of many recovered memory practitioners. The statements were selected as ones that are most liable to create false memories and to disable clients/patients.

[We have added some comments, delimited by square brackets.]

horizontal rule

Bonnie Burstow

"Faced with any female client, we can assume some degree of childhood abuse."

"Whenever we encounter a woman who has such large gaps in her memory of childhood, we can usually conclude that she experienced ongoing and severe trauma as a child."
"Radical Feminist Therapy: Working in the Context of Violence", Sage, (1992). P.114

[Memories from before the age of 24 months cannot be recalled during adulthood. The average person cannot recall events before the age of 42 months. Most people have large gaps between whatever early childhood memories have survived into adulthood.]

horizontal rule

Ellen Bass & Laura Davis

bulletFrom the first edition of "The Courage to Heal: A Guide for Women Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse", Harper Collins, (1992). P. 22"

"So far, no one we've talked to thought she might have been abused and then later discovered that she hadn't been. The progression always goes the other way, from suspicion to confirmation. If you think you were abused and your life shows the symptoms, then you were."

bulletBy the third edition in 1994, some movement is obvious:

"It is rare that someone thinks she was sexually abused and then later discovers she wasn't. The progression usually goes the other way, from suspicion to confirmation. If you genuinely think you were abused and your life shows the symptoms, there is a strong likelihood that you were."

horizontal rule

Advocates for Survivors of Child Abuse, (ASCA) an Australian group:

"We believe absolutely in the basic validity of recovered memories and believe there are no false memories, only occasionally false accusations." 1 ASCA has since abandoned their use of the term "recovered memories."  They now use the term " 'traumatic amnesia,' as recovered memories has had such poor press, [and] also because it is a clinically more accurate term." 2

horizontal rule

Charles L. Whitfield

"My own opinion...is that 'FMS'... incidence is minute when compared with the number of refutations by parents or other alleged perpetrators who actually are themselves in denial of their having mistreated or abused one or more of their accusing victims"
"The Process of Remembering: A Psychology of Memory", Health Communications Inc., (1995) P. 13

horizontal rule

Daniel Ryder [Licensed Social Worker]

"...if a therapists starts to suspect ritual abuse, based on some of the symptomatology being displayed, it is advisable, in as non-threatening a way as possible, to start to move the client towards acceptance"
"Breaking the Circle of Satanic Ritual Abuse: Recognizing and Recovering from the Hidden Trauma", CompCare, (1992) P. 58

[A variety of professional organizations recommend that therapists take a neutral stance on the validity of these memories]

horizontal rule

Sponsored link:

horizontal rule

Gail Carr Feldman PhD

"I 'knew' ... everything Barbara told me was the truth. How did I know? I'm not certain, but I knew."

[Many therapists who engage in recovered memory therapy do incredible harm to their patients / clients by supporting their new-found "memories" as recollections of real events, without independent confirmation. Untold numbers of innocent people have been accused; untold numbers of families of origin have been destroyed]

"The problem is that if none of the events occurred, these patients know the alternative is that they are indeed crazy. Otherwise, where would such bizarre and terrible images come from?"
"Lessons in Evil, Lessons from the Light", Crown, (1993) P. 48-9

[There is a third option: that the memories are false and are an undesirable byproduct of the hypnotism or other suggestive therapeutic technique. Perhaps the "memories" are very much like images from a nightmare. We rarely wonder where bizarre and terrible images in nightmares come from.]

horizontal rule

Renee Fredrickson

"If you remember almost nothing or very little of your childhood, or if you cannot remember a period of time, such as between the ages of ten and fourteen, you have repressed memories." (Page 46)

"Dissociation always occurs during abuse..." (Page 59)

"Abusers are usually dissociated during the abuse, too." (Page 60)

"If your memories are unusually grisly or bizarre, you may be a
survivor of ritual abuse...Ritual abusers combine sadism with  intelligence.
" (Page 164-165)

"Avoid being tentative about your repressed memories. Do not just tell them; express them as truth. If months or years down the road, you find you are mistaken about details, you can always apologize and set the record straight. You cannot wait until you are doubt-free to disclose to your family. This may never happen." (Page 203)

Quotations are from "Repressed Memories: A journey to recovery from sexual abuse", (1992)

[Ms. Fredrickson appears to negate the possibility that the recovered memories may be entirely or mostly false. She seems to imply that only details about the memories may be false]

horizontal rule

Ritual Abuse and Healing Home Page

"While any one particular feature of a memory may not be historically accurate, you would not be having ritual abuse memories unless something really did happen to you. Non-abused people do not have flashbacks or memories of ritual abuse events. They may have a nightmare after a horror film, or an image they read about or saw may haunt them for a while, but they do not suffer from persistent images with ritual abuse content." 3

[They are probably referring to ritual abuse memories recovered by RMT, because most of this type of memories are formed during that form of therapy].

horizontal rule

Wendy Maltz

"If you sense you were sexually abused and have no memories of it, it is likely that you were. Suspicions about sexual abuse do not arise out of the blue, for no reason. Suspicions can be agonizing and painful. No one likes the idea that he or she might have been harmed in the past, perhaps by a loved one. When people have suspicions of sexual abuse, it's usually because something did happen to them."

"When memories of events and feelings do start to surface, trust them. They may not make sense initially, but when many are added together you can get a better picture of what happened to you." 4

horizontal rule

Douglas Sawin

"I don't care if it's true...What's important to me is that I hear the child's truth, the patient's truth. That's what's important. What actually happened is irrelevant to me"

Quoted in "Searching for Memory," by Daniel L Schacter, Page 262 to 263.

[Douglas Sawin was commenting on a patient named Ann who had recovered memories in therapy of terrible Satanic ritual abuse at the hands of her parents. She was also diagnosed with Multiple Personality Disorder.]

horizontal rule

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DDHS):

A DDHS pamphlet titled "Help Yourself: A recovering woman's guide to coping with childhood abuse issues" states, in part:

"Some women in treatment for substance abuse don't clearly remember being abused, but they have some the feelings mentioned here. Some women hay have pushed the memories of the abuse so far away that they may not be able to explain why they feel intense anger, fear a particular person, have nightmares, or always believe something bad is about to happen. Sometimes, after people stop drinking or using drugs and are in treatment, memories may surface that were too painful to remember before or that were blocked from memory by drugs and alcohol." 5

The pamphlet was written by Johnson, Bassin & Shaw, Inc., for the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT), of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS).

An Internet search using the Google search engine and the string "guide to coping with childhood abuse issues" (including the quotation marks) resulted in about 25 hits. Essentially all were libraries or mental health groups who listed the pamphlet to aid their visitors.

horizontal rule

Reference used:

  1. Quoted in: Paul Sheehan, "Due process missing from G-G Witchhunt," Sydney Morning Herald, 2002-MAR-4, Page 13.
  2. Personal E-mail, 2002-MAR-12, from an ASCA spokesperson.
  3. The Ritual Abuse and Healing Home Page is at: http://www.xroads.com/rahome/

  4. From "The Sexual Healing Journey." An excerpt can be seen at: http://www.golden.net/~soul/
  5. "Help Yourself: A recovering woman's guide to coping with childhood abuse issues," DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 03-3789, (2003).

horizontal rule

Copyright © by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance.
Date of original version is unknown.
Latest update: 2003-SEP-4
Author: B.A. Robinson

line.gif (538 bytes)

horizontal rule

Go to the previous page, or return to the RMT menu, or choose:

Web ReligiousTolerance.org

Go to home page  We would really appreciate your help

E-mail us about errors, etc.  Purchase a CD of this web site

FreeFind search, lists of new essays...  Having problems printing our essays?

Twitter link

Facebook icon

Google Page Translator:

This page translator works on Firefox,
Opera, Chrome, and Safari browsers only

After translating, click on the "show
original" button at the top of this
page to restore page to English.