Twitter icon

Facebook icon

About us
Our statement of belief
Is this your first visit?
Contact us
External links

Recommended books

Visitors' donated essays
Our forum
New essays
Other site features
Hot, controversial topics
Vital notes

World religions
Definition of Christianity
 Shared beliefs
 Handling change
 Bible topics
 Bible inerrancy
 Bible harmony
 Bible Interpreting
 Individuals in the Bible
 Beliefs & creeds
 Da Vinci code
 Revelation & 666
WICCA & Witchcraft
Other religions
Cults and NRMs
Compare Faiths

Non-theistic beliefs

About all religions
Main topics
Basic information
Gods and Goddesses
Handling change
Doubt & security
Confusing terms
End of the World?
True religion?
Seasonal events
More information

Morality & ethics
Absolute truth

Attaining peace
Religious tolerance
Religious freedom
Religious hatred
Religious conflict
Religious violence

"Hot" topics
Very hot topics
10 Commandments
Abortion access
Assisted suicide
Death penalty
Environment/Climate change

Gay marriages

Human rights
Gays in military
Sex & gender
Spanking kids
Same-Sex marriages
Stem cells
Women's rights
Other topics

Laws and news
Religious laws
Religious news


Religious Tolerance logo

Florida: Recognition of same-sex marriages (SSMs)

Part 11:
2014-AUG: Review of Florida polling data on SSM.
Federal District Court rules in favor of marriage

horizontal rule

This topic is a continuation from the previous essay

horizontal rule

poll symbolReview of Florida polling data on marriage by same-sex couples from 2004-MAR to 2014-APR:

The following polls sampled public opinion in Florida for and against marriage by same-sex couples. 1 Data from the constitutional amendment vote of 2008 are added. They show reasonably good agreement with the public opinion polls at the time.

Polling Group
% favoring SSM
% opposing SSM % undecided
margin of error (percentage points)
Miami Herald/ St. Petersburg Times
Constitutional Amendment
Public Policy Polling
Public Policy Polling
St. Petersburg Times
2013-DEC Public Religion Research
Public Policy Polling 2

The Quinnipiac article on their 2014-APR poll stated:

"Florida voters support 56 - 39 percent allowing same-sex couples to marry, with 57 - 39 percent support among women and 55 - 40 percent backing among men. Support is 65 - 31 percent among Democrats and 64 - 30 percent among independent voters, with Republicans opposed 64 - 32 percent. Every age group supports same-sex marriage except voters over 65 years old, who are divided with 45 percent in favor and 49 percent opposed. 3

Various national polls during 2014 show support for marriage by same-sex couples at about 55% -- a close match to the level of support in Florida as if 2014-APR.

It would appear that if the 2008 Constitutional Amendment vote were repeated today, it would receive about 40% support and 55% opposition; it would fail to pass.

The Tampa Bay Times conducted an unscientific "Florida Insider Poll" among 131 "... veteran political professionals, activists, and others closely involved in the process." Most were Republicans. The Times reported on 2014-AUG-01 that they:

"... found a whopping 87 percent of the 131 savvy Florida politicos predict that within five years Florida will no longer ban same-sex marriage.

"It's only a matter of time,'' said one Republican. "While Florida is still socially conservative to a large degree, this is the civil rights issue of our time and to continue to fight against it goes against the philosophy of live-and-let-live and personal freedom.''

Agreed another Democrat: "Gay marriage is the fastest changing social issue of our generation. It will be legal all over the country in a hell of a lot less than five years'." 4

horizontal rule

Sponsored link.

horizontal rule

2014-AUG-21: U.S. District Court ruling overturns Florida same-sex marriage ban!:

The Advocate -- a pro-equality group -- describes the ruling as being in

"... a consolidated case stemming from two lawsuits, including one filed by the American Civil Liberties Union of Florida, representing eight married same-sex couples, a lesbian widow seeking recognition of her legal marriage to her wife on her spouse's death certificate, and SAVE, a South Florida LGBT advocacy organization.

The second case was filed by private Jacksonville attorneys on behalf of two same-sex couples — one who wanted to marry in Florida, and one who sought recognition of their legal marriage performed elsewhere." 6

Judge Robert L. Hinkle issued his decision which is essentially identical to four previous rulings by county courts. He based his decision on the now very familiar grounds that the state Constitution's Amendment 2 ban, passed by voters in 2008, violates the due process and equal protection clauses of the 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. He wrote:

"When observers look back 50 years from now, the arguments supporting Florida’s ban on same-sex marriage, though just as sincerely held, will again seem an obvious pretext for discrimination. Observers who are not now of age will wonder just how those views could have been held. ..."

"The undeniable truth is that the Florida ban on same-sex marriage stems entirely, or almost entirely, from moral disapproval of the practice. ..."

"The institution of marriage survived when bans on interracial marriage were struck down, and the institution will survive when bans on same-sex marriage are struck down. Liberty, tolerance, and respect are not zero-sum concepts. Those who enter opposite-sex marriages are harmed not at all when others, including these plaintiffs, are given the liberty to choose their own life partners and are shown the respect that comes with formal marriage. Tolerating views with which one disagrees is a hallmark of civilized society." 5

He also wrote:

"This order holds that marriage is a fundamental right as that term is used in cases arising under the Fourteenth Amendment's Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses, that Florida's same-sex marriage provisions thus must be reviewed under strict scrutiny, and that, when so reviewed, the provisions are unconstitutional."

horizontal rule

Sponsored link:

horizontal rule

The plaintiffs in the consolidated case involved:

  • 9 same-sex couples who were married out-of-state and want Florida to recognize their married status,

  • One engaged same-sex couple who want to marry in Florida, and

  • One lesbian widow.

Attorney General Pam Bondi (R) based her defense of the marriage ban on the fact that same-sex couples, by themselves, cannot procreate. The same argument has been used in many other federal courts and has regularly been rejected by them.

Judge Hinkle commented on Bondi's defense, writing:

"Same-sex couples, like opposite-sex couples and single individuals, can adopt, but same-sex couples cannot procreate. Neither can many opposite-sex couples. And many opposite-sex couples do not wish to procreate." 6

horizontal rule

This topic continues in the next essay

horizontal rule

References used:

The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above menu. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.

  1. "Recognition of same-sex unions in Florida," Wikipedia, as on 2014-AUG-21, at:
  2. "Crist holds onto narrow lead over Scott," Public Policy Polling, 2014-JAN-2014, at:
  3. "Crist Has 15-Point Compassion Lead In Florida, Quinnipiac University Poll Finds; Voters Back Gay Marriage, Immigrant In-State Tuition," Quinnipiac University, 2014-APR-30, at:
  4. Adam C. Smith, "Insider Poll: Fla's same-sex marriage ban is doomed," Tampa Bay Times, 2014-AUG-01, at:
  5. Steve Rothaus, "Federal judge: Florida gay-marriage ban unconstitutional," Miami Herald, 2014-AUG-21, at:
  6. Sunnivie Brydum & Jorge Rodriguez-Jimenez, "Federal Judge Rules Florida's Same-Sex Marriage Ban Unconstitutional." The Advocate, 2014-AUG-21, at:
  7. David Demirbilek, "Southern Poverty Law Center repeats 'hate group' claim about Family Research Council," Daily Caller, 2012-SEP-13, at:
  8. Pierre Tristam, "As 32 States Now Recognize Gay Marriage, Pam Bondi Files Latest Delaying Tactic," Flager Live, 2014-OCT-26, at:
  9. Dan Sweeney, "Same-sex marriage ban struck down in Florida federal court". Sun-Sentinel, 2014-AUG-21, at:

horizontal rule

Site navigation: Home > Homosexuality > Same-sex marriage > Menu > Florida > here

horizontal rule

Copyright © 2014 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Originally written: 2014-AUG-23
Latest update: 2014-DEC-04
Author: B.A. Robinson

line.gif (538 bytes)
Sponsored link

horizontal rule

Go to the previous page, or go to the "Same-sex marriage in Florida" menu or choose:

To search this website:

Click on one of the links ^^ above at the < < left, or use this search bar:

search tips advanced search
search engine by freefind

Go to home page  We would really appreciate your help

E-mail us about errors, etc.  Hot, controversial topics

FreeFind search, lists of new essays...  Having problems printing our essays?

Twitter link

Facebook icon

Google Page Translator:

This page translator works on Firefox,
Opera, Chrome, and Safari browsers only

After translating, click on the "show
original" button at the top of this
page to restore page to English.


Sponsored links: