Religious Tolerance logo

Essay donated by Dr. Zvi Shkedi

"6. Torah & Science: Conclusion and Appendix A

horizontal rule

Sponsored link.

horizontal rule


There are no contradictions between Torah and science. As we have seen, the apparent contradictions are only a result of misrepresentations of Torah, misrepresentations of science, or both.

At this point, it is worth repeating two quotes. The first is by Charles Darwin, showing that Darwin himself believed that life on earth was started by "the Creator", as described in Genesis:

"There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed by the Creator into a few forms or into one..."

Darwin himself, whose theory is often quoted by anti-religious proponents, testifies to the greatness of "the Creator".

The second quote is by the Rambam, showing that, in science, evidence takes precedence over personal credentials and authority.

"We do not worry about who is the author (of the knowledge), whether it was authored by the prophets or by the gentiles. Because, in every subject for which its reasoning was discovered and its truth became known through faultless evidence, we do not rely on the person who said it or who taught it, but, on the evidence which was discovered and the reason which became known."

The Rambam, who wrote the first complete codification of the God-given Jewish religious law, teaches us that when it comes to establishing scientific truth, it is only the evidence, and nothing but the evidence, that counts. However, as we learned above, it must be real scientific evidence of facts - not imaginative or speculative theories.

The Rambam said that through the study of science a person comes to appreciate the greatness of God - the Creator. A thousand years later, Anthony Flew, the Brittish hard-core philosophical atheist who was considered for 50 years to be the world's champion of atheism, demonstrated the truth of what the Rambam has said. Through the study of science, and science alone, Flew changed his mind and started to believe in God.

horizontal rule

Appendix A:

This appendix shows two examples of deceptive mathematics. We start with an identity, then we apply the same mathematical operations to both sides of each equation.

Let's start with the following identity:
-1/1 = 1/-1

Take the square root of both sides:
(-1/1) = (1/-1)
(-1) / (1) =(1) / (-1)

Using the symbol i: [ i = (-1) ]
i / (1) = (1) / i

Now let's subtract  i  from each side and simplify:
i/1 - i = 1/i - i

multiply both sides by i:
i2 - i2 = 1 - i2
(-1) - (-1) = 1 - (-1)
0 = 1+1
0 = 2

We just proved that 0=2.     Now let's prove that 2=1 :

Let's start by establishing the following identity:

Multiply each side by a:
a2 = ab

add a2 to each side:
a2 + a2 = a2 + ab

which is the same as:
2a2 = a2 + ab

Subtract 2ab from each side:
2a2 - 2ab = a2 + ab - 2ab

Multiply each side by b:
2a2b - 2ab2 = a2b + ab2 - 2ab2

Which is the same as:
2a2b - 2ab2 = a2b - ab2

Now take the common factor b out of parenthesis:
b(2a2 - 2ab) = b(a2 - ab)

Which is the same as:
2b(a2 - ab) = b(a2 - ab)

Cancel (a2 - ab) on each side:
2b = b

Cancel b on each side:
2 = 1

Since 0=2 and 2=1, we can combine these two equalities to yield the additional conclusion that 0=1.

So far we proved that 0=1, 0=2, and 1=2. By adding 1 to each side of the equation we can extend the proof to show that: 2=3, 3=4, 4=5, 5=6, and so on.   Not only that, but, since 1=0, we can multiply each side of this equation by any number, to show that 2=0, 3=0, 4=0, 5=0, and so on. This proof, that all numbers are equal to zero, is the mathematical verification of the famous saying: "Vanity of vanities, said Kohelet; vanity of vanities, all is vanity."  (Kohelet, ch.1, v.2)

horizontal rule

Site navigation:

Home page > Visitor essay > Torah and Science > here

horizontal rule

Copyright 2007-SEP by Zvi Shkedi. The author permits not-for-profit republication of this article with proper credit and without changes.
Originally posted: 2008-MAR-30
Latest update: 2008-MAR-30
Author: Zvi Shkedi

line.gif (538 bytes)

horizontal rule

Go to the previous page, or the "Torah and Science" menu, or choose:


Go to home page  We would really appreciate your help

E-mail us about errors, etc.  Purchase a CD of this web site

FreeFind search, lists of new essays...  Having problems printing our essays?

Twitter link

Facebook icon

GooglePage Translator:

This page translator works on Firefox,
Opera, Chrome, and Safari browsers only

After translating, click on the "show
original" button at the top of this
page to restore page to English.

Additional Info
About this site
About us
Our beliefs
Is this your first visit?
Contact us
External links
Good books
Visitor essays
Our forum
New essays
Other site features
Buy a CD of this site
Vital notes

World religions
   Who is a Christian?
   Shared beliefs
   Handling change
   Bible topics
   Bible inerrancy
   Bible harmony
Interpret Bible
   Beliefs, creeds
   Da Vinci code
   Revelation, 666
Other religions
Cults and NRMs
Comparing religions


About all religions
Important topics
Basic information
Gods & Goddesses
Handling change
Confusing terms
End of the world
One true religion?
Seasonal topics
Science v. Religion
More info.

Spirituality and ethics
Morality and ethics
Absolute truth

Peace and conflict
Attaining peace
Religious tolerance
Religious hatred
Religious conflict
Religious violence

"Hot" topics
Very hot topics
Ten commandments
Abortion access
Assisted suicide
Death penalty
Equal rights -gays/bi's
Same-sex marriage
Origins of the species
Sex & gender
Spanking kids
Stem cells
Other topics

Laws and news
Religious laws
Religious news