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Politics in the U.S.

The craziness of the U.S. 2016 election season:

2017-NOV & DEC: Status of "Deferred
Action for Childhood Arrivals"
students and adults in the U.S.
Candidates' images & voters' responses.

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Part 15 of fifteen parts

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This topic is continued here from the previous essay

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Statue of liberty 2016-DEC-21: "Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals" (DACA) students & adults may be in a precarious situation, starting JAN-20:

DACA refers to the "Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)" program of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. It is directed at some undocumented youths and young adults who were illegally brought into the United States by their parents, grew up in the country, and currently have no legal status theere. DACA allows some of them to apply for temporary relief from the threat of deportation for a period of two years. They may request renewal of their status at the end of the two year interval. According to the web site of the Homeland Security's web site on 2016-NOV-12, individuals may request DACA if they:
  • "Were under the age of 31 as of June 15, 2012;
  • Came to the United States before reaching their 16th birthday;
  • Have continuously resided in the United States since June 15, 2007, up to the present time;
  • Were physically present in the United States on June 15, 2012, and at the time of making their request for consideration of deferred action with USCIS;
  • Had no lawful status on June 15, 2012;
  • Are currently in school, have graduated or obtained a certificate of completion from high school, have obtained a general education development (GED) certificate, or are an honorably discharged veteran of the Coast Guard or Armed Forces of the United States; and
  • Have not been convicted of a felony, significant misdemeanor, or three or more other misdemeanors, and do not otherwise pose a threat to national security or public safety." 1

Unfortunately, for individuals who have obtained protection under DACA, this program was implemented by an executive order of President Obama, not a bill passed by Congress and signed into law by the President. President-elect Trump has promised to rescind all of these executive orders quickly after taking office, leaving DACA students and adults without protection from deportation. In many cases, the United States is the only country they have known.

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Some colleges and universities are recommending that students who are traveling abroad return to the U.S. before noon on 2017-JAN-20. Otherwise, if Trump implements his promise immediately after taking office, they might find themselves prevented from entering the country.

Radio station WBUR-FM in Boston, MA, described a typical individual with protection under DACA. During 2003, Daishi Tanaka was brought to Los Angeles illegally from Japan at the age of 6 by his parents. He recalls:

"I walked into my first grade classroom and I saw the diversity -- everyone of all shapes, colors, sizes, personalities melding to one under the flag -- and that, I loved." 2

There is a reason for his surprise at the diversity in the class. According to Kristin Ronzi of Georgetown University:

"Japan is known for having one of the most homogeneous ethnicities in the world." 3

About 98.5 of Japanese are of Japanese ethnicity. 4

Along with hundreds of thousands of other young people, Daishi Tanaka was granted temporary protected status as a result of DACA.

It is not only individuals under DACA who return to the U.S. from a visit after JAN-20 who may be without status in the country. Hundreds of thousands of individuals who have spent their childhood and/or youth in the U.S. under DACA may be systematically rounded up and expelled to the country if Trump implements his promise.

Mary Holper, the director of the immigration clinic at Boston College Law School is appealing to DACA students and students who have not yet applied for DACA. She said:

"If you haven't applied yet, it's pretty risky to apply because you could be putting yourself on the list for deportation. You have to put your addresses on the application. You could be putting at risk anybody in your family."

On the other hand, she said that DACA students would be exposing themselves to little additional risk if they renew their status under DACA. That is:

"... because they already know about you, so to the extent that Trump is going to use this --I hope he won't -- as a list for deportation, you're already on it, so to me that risk seems very low.

I would say come home before [JAN-20], because the advanced parole that they were given is still highly discretionary. Every single time you come back in the border, you are facing the individual discretion of the officer that lets you in at the airport, and that officer is going to have a different boss with different priorities come January, and so I would say come home." 2

Fortunately, President-elect Trump has been changing his stance on so many topics that he may not carry through with the persecution of DACA students. Some may be eligible -- now or in the future -- to apply for full citizenship.

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Recent polls by Gallup concerning President-elect Trump:

A poll taken among 1,033 adults on 2016-NOV-2 to 5, just before Election Day on NOV-08, found that:

  • Donald Trump (R) received the most unfavorable score (61%) in Gallup's polling history, which goes back to 1956.

  • Hillary Clinton (D) received the second most unfavorable rating (52%)

  • The next most unfavorable rating was way back in 1964 with Barry Goldwater (R) at 47%.

The margin of error on the results was ±3% 5

Just after election day, Gallup polled 511 cellphone and land line users about their feelings towards Donald Trump's election as president. They were given a series of emotions and asked if they agreed. Results were:

Among all adults
Among Trump voters
Among Clinton voters

Because of the small number of subjects sampled, the margin of error was ±4.3%. 6

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This topic continues in the next essay.

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References used:

The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.

  1. "Consideration of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)," Department of Homeland Security, as on 2016-DEC-21, at:
  2. Fred Thys, "Colleges Advise Traveling DACA Students To Return To U.S. Before Trump's Inauguration," WBUR-FM, 2016-DEC-21, at:
  3. Kristin Ronzi, "Ethnicity in Japan," Georgetown University, 2014-NOV-06, at:
  4. "Field Listing :: Ethnic Groups," The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, undated, at:
  5. Lydia Saad, "Trump and Clinton Finish With Historically Poor Images," Gallup, 2016-NOV-08, at:
  6. Jim Norman, "Trump Victory Surprises Americans; Four in 10 Afraid," Gallup, 2016-NOV-11, at:

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How you may have arrived here:

Home > Religiously-motivated conflicts > Specific religious conflict event > 2016 U.S. election

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Copyright © 2016 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Original posting: 2017-JAN-03.
Latest update : 2017-JAN-09.
Author: B.A. Robinson

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