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Human sexuality topics
Transgender persons & transsexuals:
Their beliefs on gender identity.
of their beliefs.
Are they just confused?
News about trans equality & civil rights.
The term "LGBT" is an acronym for "Lesbians,
transgender persons/transsexuals. Sometimes, additional letters
added, like "Q" for Queer or questioning, "I" for Intersexual, etc.
An unidentified MTF transgender woman.
registered as male on her birth
certificate, and now identifies as female.
The main difference between sexual orientation and gender identity:
A person's sexual orientation is defined by those persons to whom they are sexually attracted:
- Heterosexuals form about a 90% majority of the adult population and are attracted only to persons of the opposite sex.
- Homosexuals number about 5% and are attracted only to the same sex.
- Bisexuals also number about 5% and are attracted to both sexes, but not usually to the same degree. They are the only group that may be said to have a "sexual preference."
- Asexuals are rarer; they do not have strong feelings of sexual attraction towards persons of any sex.
- Pansexuals (a.k.a. omnisexuals) are relatively rare and are attracted to persons regardless of their biological sex or gender identity.
A person's gender is typically identified in one of three ways:
In newborns by the external appearance of their bodies. To many conservatives, this is the only criterion that matters. This is the birth-identified gender or their "sex" recorded on their birth certificate.
According to the sex chromosomes in the person's DNA. This requires a medical test to determine. Typically:
- Those with that contain "Y" chromosomes, like XY or more rarely XXY, etc. are biological males.
- Those without a "Y" chromosome, like XX or X0 are biological females.
- According to structures in the brain which typically are of either a male or female size and neuron density. These tell the individual what their gender identity is.
About transgender persons and transsexuals:
Human beings come in two different genders: male and female.
Transgender adults are relatively rare; they constitute about 0.6% of adults. Their current gender identity -- that is, the gender that they currently identify as -- differs from their birth-identified gender.
- A slight majority were identified as male at birth and now have a female gender identity. That is, they now identify their gender as female.
- Slightly fewer were identified as female at birth and now have a male gender identity.
- A few identify as having no gender; the term gender has no real meaning to them.
- A few identify as having an intermediate gender, both male and female.
- A few alternate between male and female.
"Transgender" is an adjective. Proper use of the word is with a noun, like "transgender person" or "transgender individual. Do not refer to a person as "a transgender." To be "transgendered" is now an obsolete term.
On 2015-JUN-26, the U.S. Supreme Court legalized gay marriages throughout the United States with the exception of American Samoa. People living there are mostly American residents and not American citizens, and so rulings of the High Court do not necessarily apply there. Much of the focus of the LGBT community switched to attaining equality for transgender persons and transsexuals. Much of the focus of conservative religious and other groups quickly switched to prevent such equality.
Note about terminology:
The term Gender dysphoria (GD) describes the feelings of distress that many transgender persons experience as a result of the conflict between the sex that they were assigned at birth and their current gender identity. It can be very severe; about 40% of transgender persons attempt to commit suicide at least once during their lifetime. The term gender identity disorder (GID) is an earlier term for GD that is rarely used today and is rejected by most transgender persons.
"Trans" is a common abbreviation for "transgender." However, many people are unaware of this. Thus "transgender" is a safer term to use.
The term "transgenderism" was once widely used to refer to transgender persons. It is still often used by religious conservatives and others opposed to persons being transgender. However, among the LGBT community, it has largely been replaced by "being transgender." During 2017-NOV, this web site tracked down all of its 104 references to "transgenderism" and modified them.
The "International Journal of Transgenderism" still uses the term in their name.
The adjective "cisgender" refers to a person who is not transgender. However, its meaning is not known to many people, so "not-transgender people" is a often better term to use.
Some information sources:
The Quora web site had an interesting exchange of comments during 2017-FEB on the topic of: "Is "transgenderism" the correct word to use in regards to trans people?" See: https://www.quora.com/
GLAAD has a glossary of transgender terms at: https://www.glaad.org/
Topics covered in this section:
A comparison of the three major current religious/secular conflicts: gender identity, abortion access, and sexual orientation:
Transgender/transsexual terms. (It is a bit of a mind-stretching mine field)
Conflicting beliefs about the cause and nature of being transgender or transsexual:
Evangelical Christian anti-LGBT stance:
The Nashville Statement of 2017 about homosexual and transgender persons.
Two related essays on the Nashville Statement by Contributing Editor Susan Humphreys:
|Understanding the terminology associated with being transgender & transsexual:|
|More medical information about the possible cause(s) of being transgender:|
|Causes of, and cures for, transsexual persons according to religious groups:|
Bible passages which may impact transgender/transsexual
Estimates of the number of transgender persons in the U.S.
References used:The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above
essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.
Joyce Bailey, "Trans 101," undated, at: https://jmcl.wordpress.com/
"Sexual orientation and gender identity definitions," Human Rights Campaign," 2017, at: http://www.hrc.org/
Jennifer Brown, "Elsa's Story: Family learns to let girl live as 'truegender'," Denver Post, 2015-JUL-17, at: http://extras.denverpost.com/
Joseph Woo, "Special FAQ on the gender of the fetus," Obstetric Ultrasound, undated, at: http://www.ob-ultrasound.net/
"MYTH #10: Intersex is extremely rare," Intersex Society of North America, 2008, at: http://www.isna.org/
Zachary Green, "Transforming History: Transgender issues today are rooted in a decades-long struggle for inclusion," RetroReport/New York Times, 2015-JUN-15, at: http://www.nytimes.com/
"My authentic life," Transgender Law Center, 2014-MAY-01, at: https://www.youtube.com/ The first video has been watched by about 120,000 viewers during its first year online at YouTube.
Tom Murray produced and directed a video concerning being trans. It
is titled: "Almost Myself: Reflections on mending and transcending
gender." See: http://www.almostmyself.com/
"Sex Chromosome Abnormalities," at: http://anthro.palomar.edu/
Copyright © 2007 to 2018 by Ontario Consultants on
Original posting: 2007-JUN-08
Latest revision: 2018-AUG-07
Author: B.A. Robinson