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Human sexuality topics


Transgender persons & transsexuals:
Their beliefs on gender identity.
The cause(s) of their beliefs.
Are they just confused?
News about trans equality & civil rights.

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The term "LGBT" is an acronym for "Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals,
transgender persons/transsexuals. Sometimes, additional letters
are added, like "Q" for Queer or questioning, "I" for Intersexual, etc.

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Male to female transgender individual

An unidentified MTF transgender woman.
She was registered as male on her birth
certificate, and now identifies as female.

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The main difference between sexual orientation and gender identity:

sex difference

That is:

A person's sexual orientation is defined by those persons to whom they are sexually attracted:

  • Heterosexuals form about a 90% majority of the adult population and are attracted only to persons of the opposite sex.

  • Homosexuals number about 5% and are attracted only to the same sex.

  • Bisexuals also number about 5% and are attracted to both sexes, but not usually to the same degree. They are the only group that may be said to have a "sexual preference."

  • Asexuals are rarer; they do not have strong feelings of sexual attraction towards persons of any sex.

  • Pansexuals (a.k.a. omnisexuals) are relatively rare and are attracted to persons regardless of their biological sex or gender identity.

A person's gender is typically identified in one of three ways:

  1. In newborns by the external appearance of their bodies. To many conservatives, this is the only criterion that matters. This is the birth-identified gender or their "sex" recorded on their birth certificate.

  2. According to the sex chromosomes in the person's DNA. This requires a medical test to determine. Typically:
    • Those with that contain "Y" chromosomes, like XY or more rarely XXY, etc. are biological males.

    • Those without a "Y" chromosome, like XX or X0 are biological females.

  3. According to structures in the brain which typically are of either a male or female size and neuron density. These tell the individual what their gender identity is.

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About transgender persons and transsexuals:

Human beings come in two different genders: male and female.

Transgender adults are relatively rare; they constitute about 0.6% of adults. Their current gender identity -- that is, the gender that they currently identify as -- differs from their birth-identified gender.

  • A slight majority were identified as male at birth and now have a female gender identity. That is, they now identify their gender as female.

  • Slightly fewer were identified as female at birth and now have a male gender identity.

  • A few identify as having no gender; the term gender has no real meaning to them.

  • A few identify as having an intermediate gender, both male and female.

  • A few alternate between male and female.

"Transgender" is an adjective. Proper use of the word is with a noun, like "transgender person" or "transgender individual. Do not refer to a person as "a transgender." To be "transgendered" is now an obsolete term.

On 2015-JUN-26, the U.S. Supreme Court legalized gay marriages throughout the United States with the exception of American Samoa. People living there are mostly American residents and not American citizens, and so rulings of the High Court do not necessarily apply there. Much of the focus of the LGBT community switched to attaining equality for transgender persons and transsexuals. Much of the focus of conservative religious and other groups quickly switched to prevent such equality.

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Note about terminology:

The term Gender dysphoria (GD) describes the feelings of distress that many transgender persons experience as a result of the conflict between the sex that they were assigned at birth and their current gender identity. It can be very severe; about 40% of transgender persons attempt to commit suicide at least once during their lifetime. The term gender identity disorder (GID) is an earlier term for GD that is rarely used today and is rejected by most transgender persons.

"Trans" is a common abbreviation for "transgender." However, many people are unaware of this. Thus "transgender" is a safer term to use.

The term "transgenderism" was once widely used to refer to transgender persons. It is still often used by religious conservatives and others opposed to persons being transgender. However, among the LGBT community, it has largely been replaced by "being transgender." During 2017-NOV, this web site tracked down all of its 104 references to "transgenderism" and modified them.

The "International Journal of Transgenderism" still uses the term in their name.

The adjective "cisgender" refers to a person who is not transgender. However, its meaning is not known to many people, so "not-transgender people" is a often better term to use.

Some information sources:

  • The Quora web site had an interesting exchange of comments during 2017-FEB on the topic of: "Is "transgenderism" the correct word to use in regards to trans people?" See: https://www.quora.com/

  • GLAAD has a glossary of transgender terms at: https://www.glaad.org/

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Topics covered in this section:


star A comparison of the three major current religious/secular conflicts: gender identity, abortion access, and sexual orientation:


Transgender/transsexual terms. (It is a bit of a mind-stretching mine field)


star symbol Conflicting beliefs about the cause and nature of being transgender or transsexual:


star symbol Evangelical Christian anti-LGBT stance:

bulletBackground information:


starMore about transgender terms. Photographs, and videos of transgender persons and transsexuals


star Stories of transgender individuals: Kat, a transgender youth. A family with 2 transgender parents. The future of the transgender/transsexual debate.

bullet Additional information about transgender persons, transsexuals, etc.

bullet Womb transplants for MTF transgender persons and infertile cisgender women

bulletUnderstanding the terminology associated with being transgender & transsexual:
bullet 2014-FEB: Facebook changed how members define their gender identity. Contrasting views of gender identity. How there can be dozens of gender identities based on only two genders

bulletMore medical information about the possible cause(s) of being transgender:
bullet star  Beliefs by conservative Christians, medical researchers, etc. about why transgender persons reject their birth-identified gender (2 parts)

bullet Fetal exposure to abnormal androgen levels?

bullet Genetically determined at conception?
bulletCauses of, and cures for, transsexual persons according to religious groups:


Beliefs of conservative Protestant groups: Part 1  Part 2

bulletBeliefs of individual Christians

bullet Terms and concepts used by evangelicals

bullet Teachings of the Roman Catholic church: Part 1  Part 2
bullet Bible passages which may impact transgender/transsexual topics

star Estimates of the number of transgender persons in the U.S.

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Sponsored link:

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bullet Transsexuals in history
bullet Were transgender people mentioned in the Bible?
bullet Transitioning from female to male or vice versa
bullet Transitioning success rates

How a lack of consensus about gender identity harms transgender individuals. Webmaster's rant 

bullet Using medication to delay puberty in transgender pre-teens and teens
bullet Is being trans linked to homosexuality?

bulletInvoluntary sexual reassignment of infants: Creating transgender persons via surgery

bulletDiscrimination against transgender persons & transsexuals:

bullet Resolutions by the American Medical Association and American Psychological Association

bullet Homelessness

bullet Personal stories of success and difficulties transitioning


Discrimination against transgender persons and transsexuals in the military:

  • Part 1: 2011/2012: Overview. Support. Current military policies. Care for veterans.

  • Part 2: 2016: Previous ends to discrimination by the military. Pentagon announces an end to discrimination against transgender members. Negative reactions.

  • Part 3: 2016: More negative reactions to the ending of discrimination. Positive reactions.

  • Part 4: 2017: Transgender persons in the U.S. Military

  • Part 5: 2017: Trump bans transgender military service members

  • Part 6: 2017: Impact of Trump's ban of military transgender members

  • Part 7: 2017-JUL to 2018-JUN: Trump's memo. Public opinion polls. Court cases. Cost calculations. CNN has unexpected Father's Day message


Ending employment discrimination due to sexual orientation or gender identity (The federal ENDA bill)


Title IX religious exemptions, religious colleges, and discrimination against the LGBT community


Studies and polls about transgender persons:

bullet Discrimination and lack of protection of transgender persons by US state governments


Acceptance and rejection within religious denominations:

bullet Political and religious conflicts over sexual orientation & gender identity. Are they resolvable?

bullet Anti-discrimination laws across the U.S.


Laws in other countries that oppress or protect LGBT persons

bullet International declarations on the rights of LGBT persons
bulletGlossary of terms relating to transgender persons:

bullet Words beginning with A to S

bullet Words beginning from T to Z

star Conflicts over who should use which public washrooms:

bulletTranssexual information sources:

bullet Web sites.

bullet Reviews of two books selected as recommended books by this web site.

bullet Books for transsexuals, their families, and co-workers.

bullet Biographies, books on being transsexual, books for therapists, etc.

NEWS & major transgender/transsexual developments 2008 until now:

Note: Movement towards equal rights for transgender persons and transsexuals proceeded slowly until mid 2015. That was when religious, political, and social conservatives lost their fight against gay marriage in the U.S. Conservatives then switched their main focus to fighting against transgender equality.

References used:

The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.
  1. Joyce Bailey, "Trans 101," undated, at: https://jmcl.wordpress.com/
  2. "Sexual orientation and gender identity definitions," Human Rights Campaign," 2017, at: http://www.hrc.org/
  3. Jennifer Brown, "Elsa's Story: Family learns to let girl live as 'truegender'," Denver Post, 2015-JUL-17, at: http://extras.denverpost.com/
  4. Joseph Woo, "Special FAQ on the gender of the fetus," Obstetric Ultrasound, undated, at: http://www.ob-ultrasound.net/
  5. "MYTH #10: Intersex is extremely rare," Intersex Society of North America, 2008, at: http://www.isna.org/
  6. Zachary Green, "Transforming History: Transgender issues today are rooted in a decades-long struggle for inclusion," RetroReport/New York Times, 2015-JUN-15, at: http://www.nytimes.com/
  7. "My authentic life," Transgender Law Center, 2014-MAY-01, at: https://www.youtube.com/ The first video has been watched by about 120,000 viewers during its first year online at YouTube.
  8. Tom Murray produced and directed a video concerning being trans. It is titled: "Almost Myself: Reflections on mending and transcending gender." See: http://www.almostmyself.com/
  9. "Sex Chromosome Abnormalities," at: http://anthro.palomar.edu/

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Copyright 2007 to 2018 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Original posting: 2007-JUN-08
Latest revision: 2018-AUG-07

Author: B.A. Robinson

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