Why did the South Asian Tsunami happen?
Reasons given by some
religious skeptics, secularists, etc.
Responses, by religious skeptics:
A suggestion that the human race boycott God: Heather MacDonald, author of the book "Are Cops Racist?" suggests that God has
gone too far this time. She writes:
"It is time to boycott God. Centuries of uncritical worship have clearly produced a monster. God knows that he
can sit passively by while human life is wantonly mowed down, and the next day, churches, synagogues, and mosques will be filled with believers thanking
him for allowing the survivors to survive. The faithful will ask him to heal the wounded, while ignoring his failure to prevent the disaster in the first
place. They will excuse his unwillingness to stave off destruction with alibis ('God wasn't there when the tsunami hit'—Suketu Mehta) and
relativising ('for each victim tens of thousands yet live'—Russell Seitz), even if those excuses contradict God's other attributes, such as
omnipresence or love for each individual life."
She recommends that if God decides to not intervene and prevent the next
tsunami-class disaster, that believers should boycott churches, mosques,
synagogues, etc. God might get the message that believers expect him to behave
as any ethical human would: by preventing the disaster before it starts. She
"It might not work. But the 'I'm rotten-You're divine' syndrome
isn't too functional, either. It's worth a try; there is nothing to lose." 1
||Voltaire's thoughts on the occasion of the
Lisbon, Portugal, tsunami of 1755: The Lisbon earthquake had a
estimated magnitude of 8.7 and generated a 15 meter (foot) high tsunami
which destroyed much of the city. It happened on the morning of All
Saint's Day, on 1755-NOV-01, when much of the public was at church. Lisbon was a major political, cultural and
commercial center at the time. Estimates of the dead vary from about 10,000
to 90,000 out of the city's population
of 270,000. Thirty-five of the forty churches in the city were destroyed.
Although everyone involved in the tragedy has been dead for
centuries, their comments would equally apply to the South Asian tsunami and
other natural disasters.
Responses to the tragedy varied:
||The Society of Jesuits: The Jesuits and some other religious
orders believed that it was an indication of God's wrath for the sins
committed by the people of Lisbon.
The dictator of Portugal: The Marques de Pombal, attributed the
disaster to natural causes. He suggested that people "bury the dead and
feed the living" rather than dissipate energy repenting for their sins.
He used the tragedy as a catalyst to effect change in Portugal. He expelled
the Jesuits, secularized their universities, and made drastic changes:
end the influence of the church on the operations of the secular
government. ... Portugal [became]...the first European country to undermine the
role of religion in government. This, in turn, set a precedent for other
nations to follow."
Pombal's actions apparently were one of many factors which
led to the creation of the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, and
its concept of separation of church and state.
The French philosopher, Voltaire: He was one of the
leading thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment. He was one of many
intellectual leaders who
questioned why God would allow such a tragedy as the Lisbon earthquake and
tsunami. He appears to have been deeply shaken by the disaster. Prior to the
Lisbon earthquake and tsunami:
"...his philosophy, and the philosophy of
others in the time period was that 'all was good'." 2
He stopped being an
optimist; he no longer believed that everything happens for the best.
Voltaire wrote "Poeme sur le desastre de Lisbonne" (Poem on the Lisbon Disaster). It was subtitled: "An Examination of that
Axiom 'All is Well'." It said in part:
Oh, miserable mortals! Oh wretched earth!
Oh, dreadful assembly of all mankind!
Eternal sermon of useless sufferings!
Deluded philosophers who cry, "All is well,"
Hasten, contemplate these frightful ruins,
This wreck, these shreds, these wretched ashes of the dead;
These women and children heaped on one another,
These scattered members under broken marble;
One-hundred thousand unfortunates devoured by the earth
Who, bleeding, lacerated, and still alive,
Buried under their roofs without aid in their anguish,
End their sad days!
In answer to the half-formed cries of their dying voices,
At the frightful sight of their smoking ashes,
Will you say: "This is result of eternal laws
Directing the acts of a free and good God!"
Will you say, in seeing this mass of victims:
"God is revenged, their death is the price for their crimes?"
What crime, what error did these children,
Crushed and bloody on their mothers' breasts, commit?
Did Lisbon, which is no more, have more vices
Than London and Paris immersed in their pleasures?
Lisbon is destroyed, and they dance in Paris!2
The French philosopher: Rousseau: He disagreed with Voltaire and
maintained his faith in the "All is well" concept. On
1756-AUG-18, he wrote a letter to Voltaire which criticized his pessimism.
He wrote, in part:
"This optimism which you find so cruel consoles me still in the same woes
that you force on me as unbearable. Pope's poem alleviates my difficulties
and inclines me to patience; yours makes my afflictions worse, prompts me to
grumble, and, leading me beyond a shattered hope, reduces me to despair....
Now what does your poem tell me? "Suffer forever unfortunate one. If a God
created you, He is doubtlessly all powerful and could have prevented all
your woes. Don't ever hope that your woes will end, because you would never
know why you exist, if it is not to suffer and die...." 2
- Heather Mac Donald, "Send a Message to God. He has gone too far this time,"
MSN Slate, 2005-JAN-10, at: http://slate.msn.com/.
- Allison Leidner, "The Lisbon Earthquake of 1755," at: http://water.stanford.edu/ You may need software to read these files. It can be obtained free from:
Copyright © 2005 to 2014 by Ontario Consultants on Religious
Originally posted: 2005-JAN-01
Latest update: 2014-MAR-15
Author: B.A. Robinson